Answer of Stepwells with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 10, Reading Test 1: Passage 1 and is aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.
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Answer of Stepwells with Explanation is divided into three parts for your ease of navigating answer, passage, and questions, all at the same time.
Answer of Stepwells with Explanation
- The answers appear in the same order in the text as the order of the statements
- You don’t need to read the whole text. First, you will scan for keywords and then you’ll read in detail the section in which they’re located for the answer.
- Underline the key words in first two question. Why first two questions? If you miss locating one, you need another to stop you and think, either you have missed it or it’s not given.
- There will be at least one of each answer type – True, False, Not Given. So, if you don’t have at least one of each when you’ve completed the question, you’ve made a mistake.
- Identify any words that qualify the statement, for example, some, all, mainly, often, always and occasionally. These words are there to test if you have read the whole statement because they can change the meaning. For example, ‘Coca-Cola has always made its drinks in the U.S.A.’ has a different meaning from ‘Coca-Cola has mainly made its drinks in the U.S.A.’
- The statements won’t be a word-for-word match to the information in the text. They will contain synonyms and paraphrasing. It’s the meaning that you are trying to match.
- Remember that at least one answer will be NG. This means that you will be searching for information that is not there.
- Don’t answer based on your assumptions
- If you can’t find the information you are looking for, then it is probably ‘not given’. Don’t waste time looking for something that is not there.
- If you have no idea what the answer is put ‘not given’. You probably have no idea because the answer is not there.
- Don’t write yes for True, No for false.
- To understand what is being asked in the questions look the questions before the passage for scanning purpose. This will help you to know the main ideas to look out for.
- Answers are in order
- Take care of the word limit
- Ensure that your answer is grammatically correct
- Be aware of synonyms
|1 false||ancient stepwells, world||Para 2 line 7||Now read this line “Most stepwells are found dotted round the desert areas of Gujarat (where they are called vav) and Rajasthan (where they are called baori), while a few also survive in Delhi.” |
Implies that they are not all over the world but Gujarat, Rajasthan and Delhi.
|2 true||functions, water collection||Para 2, line 11||Now read this line, “During their heyday, they (stepwells) were places of gathering of leisure and relaxation and of worship for villagers of all but the lowest classes.” Then, he continues “Some were located in or near villages as public spaces for the community; others were positioned beside roads as resting places for travelers.” |
Here other functions are gathering place, worship place, resting place. Which means that stepwells were not only used for collecting water.
|3 not given||few Delhi, attractive||Para 2||Para 2 mentions that “a few also survive in Delhi”. However, no comparison of the attractiveness of stepwells in Delhi and in other places is found.|
|4 not given||stone steps||Para 3 & Para 4||No paragraph indicates the length of time workers took.|
|5 true||steps, altered, course of a year||Para 3, line 6||Now read this line “When the water level was high, the user needed only to descend a few steps to reach it; when it was low, several levels would have to be negotiated.” |
Because of the change in water level, the number of steps one had to climb up and down also changed. Which means the steps altered (changed) according the course of a year.
|6 pavilions||shade||Para4, line 6||Here, shade= shelter.|
Now read this line “Built from stone and supported by pillars, they also included pavilions that sheltered visitors from the relentless heat.”
Pavilions that sheltered visitors means Pavilions gave shade to visitors.
|7 draught||climate event, southern Rajasthan||Para 5||Now read this line, “southern Rajasthan suffered an eight-year drought between 1996 and 2004.”|
Serious climatic event= drought.
|8 tourists||requent visitors, nowadays,||Last para, line 6||Now read this line, “Tourists flock to wells in far-flung corners of north-western India to gaze in wonder at these architectural marvels from hundreds of years ago…” |
This means that nowadays, a huge number of tourists visit India to gaze at these wells.
|9 earthquake||Rani Ki Vav, Restored, 1960s,||Para 7||Now read this line, “Incredibly, in January 2001, this ancient structure survived an earthquake that measured 7.6 on the Richter scale.” |
This means that despite the earthquake in 2001,the stepwell of Rani Ki Vav was still in excellent condition.
|10 4 sides||Surya Kund, geometrical pattern,||Para 8, line 8||Now read this line, “Besides, it is the steps on the four sides that create a geometrical formation.”|
It is the steps on the four sides that create a geometrical formation (pattern).
|11 tank||Surya Kund, looks like||Para 8, line 4||Now read this line “It actually resembles a tank rather than a well,”|
Resembles a tank means looks like a tank.
|12 verandas||Chand baori, dramatic, view of the steps||Para 10, last line||Now read this line “On the fourth side, verandas which are supported by ornate pillars overlook the steps.” The same paragraph has the words like oldest, deepest, most dramatic.|
Verandas (which are supported by ornate pillars) overlook the steps means Verandas provide a view of the steps.
|13 underwater||Neemrana Ki Baori||Para 11, line 4||Now read this line “Constructed in around 1700, it is nine storeys deep, with the last two being underwater.”|
Last two are underwater.