IELTS reading answer “Absenteeism in Nursing: A longitudinal Study” with explanation

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IELTS reading answer “Absenteeism in Nursing: A longitudinal Study” with explanation

Answer Keywords Location Explanation
1. NO    Prince William Hospital, reduce absenteeism P 1, line 5 The study reported here was conducted in the ………… taken to measure, understand or manage the occurrence of absenteeism.
  • understand or manage the occurrence of absenteeism but not reduce
2. NO    benefits, sick leave P 2 line 1 A prevalent attitude amongst many nurses in the group selected for study was that there was no reward or recognition for not utilising the paid sick leave entitlement allowed them in their employment conditions.
  • no reward or recognition for not utilising the paid sick leave=  no benefits
3. NO    just over half, shift work P 3 line 5 67 per cent of nurses felt that administration was not sympathetic to the problems shift work causes to employees’ personal and social lives.
  • administration was not sympathetic to the problems= didn’t understand the problem
 

4. YES

illness in family, work home P 4 line 6 Other causes, in decreasing order of frequency, were illness in family, family social function, work to do at home and bereavement.
5. NOT GIVEN         
6. NO    250 nurses P 5 line 1 In an attempt to reduce the level of absenteeism amongst the 250 Registered an Enrolled Nurses in the present study, the Prince William management introduced three different, yet potentially complementary, strategies over 18 months.
  • Not to find cause but to reduce it.
7. YES    Prince william, changes, management P 5 line 1 In an attempt to reduce the level of absenteeism amongst the 250 Registered an Enrolled Nurses in the present study, the Prince William management introduced three different, yet potentially complementary, strategies over 18 months.
8. (local) businesses    First strategy Strategy 1 However, it was possible to secure incentives from local businesses, including free passes to entertainment parks, theatres, restaurants, etc.
9.(work/working) schedule/ restoring/ roster(s)    second strategy Strategy 2 Where possible, staff were given the opportunity to determine their working schedule within the limits of clinical needs.
10. excessive    Third strategy Strategy 3 Each month, managers would analyse the pattern of absence of staff with excessive sick leave (greater than ten days per year for full-time employees).
11. voluntary absence / absenteeism    Third strategy Strategy 3 Characteristic patterns of potential voluntary absenteeism such as absence before and after days off, excessive weekend and night duty absence and multiple single days off were communicated to all ward nurses and then, as necessary, followed up by action.
12. twenty /  20    Initially, decrease Results This represents a 20 percent improvement.
  • 20 percent improvement= absenteeism decreased by 20%
13. communication staff, better, second and third Discussion, paragraph 2 line This led to significant improvements in communication between managers and staff.
  • improvements = better

 

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