IELTS reading answer for “declining standards of literacy” with explanation

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IELTS reading answer for “declining standards of literacy” with explanation

Answer Keywords Location Explanation
14 D bark P D, l 3 Even if a child is able to read aloud fluently, he or she may not be able to understand much of it: this is called ‘barking at text‘.
15 B text P C, line 2 On the contrary, a great deal of empirical evidence shows that pictures interfere in a damaging way with all aspects of learning to read.
  • pictures interfere in a damaging way with all aspects of learning= slow down learning
16 D university academics P F, line 9 The Universities of Oxford and Cambridge recently held joint conferences to discuss the noticeably rapid decline in literacy among their undergraduates.
  • noticeably rapid decline in literacy= significant change
17 C youngest readers P E, line 2 The artwork is often marvellous, but the pictures make the language redundant, and the children have no need to imagine anything when they read such books.
  • children= youngest readers
18 NO traditionally accepted, pictures P B, line 2 When teachers use picture books, they are simply continuing a long-established tradition that is accepted without question.
  • using pictures is long established tradition so it contains many not few pictures
19 YES teachers, recognition, meaning P D, line 1 A teacher’s main concern is to help young beginner readers to develop not only the ability to recognize words, but the skills necessary to understand what these words mean.
20 YES older, texts, pictures P E, line 4 Looking at a picture actively prevents children younger than nine from creating a mental image, and can make it difficult for older children.
21 NOT GIVEN      
22 F decline, literacy,ages P F, line 6 The least intelligent are most vulnerable, but tests show that even intelligent children are being affected.
23 C reading methods, research findings P C, line 2 On the contrary, a great deal of empirical evidence shows that pictures interfere in a damaging way with all aspects of learning to read.
24 J ignore, progress P J, line 1 Jay Samuels, an American psychologist, found that poor readers given no pictures learnt significantly more words than those learning to read with books with pictures.
25 I illustration, misleading, meaning P I, line 5 If they do not know a word and look to the picture for a clue to its meaning, they may well be misled by aspects of the pictures which are not closely related to the meaning of the word they are trying to understand.
26 C     The whole passage talks about the research and its findings.

 

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