IELTS reading answer for “declining standards of literacy” with explanation
|14 D||bark||P D, l 3||Even if a child is able to read aloud fluently, he or she may not be able to understand much of it: this is called ‘barking at text‘.|
|15 B||text||P C, line 2||On the contrary, a great deal of empirical evidence shows that pictures interfere in a damaging way with all aspects of learning to read.
|16 D||university academics||P F, line 9||The Universities of Oxford and Cambridge recently held joint conferences to discuss the noticeably rapid decline in literacy among their undergraduates.
|17 C||youngest readers||P E, line 2||The artwork is often marvellous, but the pictures make the language redundant, and the children have no need to imagine anything when they read such books.
|18 NO||traditionally accepted, pictures||P B, line 2||When teachers use picture books, they are simply continuing a long-established tradition that is accepted without question.
|19 YES||teachers, recognition, meaning||P D, line 1||A teacher’s main concern is to help young beginner readers to develop not only the ability to recognize words, but the skills necessary to understand what these words mean.|
|20 YES||older, texts, pictures||P E, line 4||Looking at a picture actively prevents children younger than nine from creating a mental image, and can make it difficult for older children.|
|21 NOT GIVEN|
|22 F||decline, literacy,ages||P F, line 6||The least intelligent are most vulnerable, but tests show that even intelligent children are being affected.|
|23 C||reading methods, research findings||P C, line 2||On the contrary, a great deal of empirical evidence shows that pictures interfere in a damaging way with all aspects of learning to read.|
|24 J||ignore, progress||P J, line 1||Jay Samuels, an American psychologist, found that poor readers given no pictures learnt significantly more words than those learning to read with books with pictures.|
|25 I||illustration, misleading, meaning||P I, line 5||If they do not know a word and look to the picture for a clue to its meaning, they may well be misled by aspects of the pictures which are not closely related to the meaning of the word they are trying to understand.|
|26 C||The whole passage talks about the research and its findings.|