Swipe Left and right on the table.
|27. vi||In paragraph A, the writer emphasizes the importance of the invention of language compared to other inventions. So, the correct heading for this paragraph is why language is the most important invention of all.
Of all mankind’s manifold creations, language must take pride of place…Compared to language, all other inventions pale in significance, since everything we have ever achieved depends on language and originates from it
|28. iv||The writer concludes that “Language is mankind’s greatest invention – except, of course, that it was never invented. This apparent paradox is at the core of our fascination with language, and it holds many of its secrets.
This paragraph is all about incompatible characteristics of language.
|29. ii||…barely three dozen measly morsels of sound”. “In themselves, these configurations of mouth – p, f, b, v, t, d, k, sh, a, e and so on – amount to nothing […] But run them through the cogs and wheels …………..of air cannot do: from sighing the interminable boredom of existence to unravelling the fundamental order of the universe.
This means that these sounds are organised to convey a huge range of meaning.
|30. vii||The language machine allows just about everybody ………………. infinite variety of subtle senses, and all apparently without the slightest exertion.
This means that language is universal to use.
|31. i||Often, it is the only estrangement of foreign tongues, with their many exotic and outlandish features, that brings home the wonder of language’s design.
This means the more a language is different from other language, the more it becomes impressive also provides the example of a Turkish word of outstanding length that takes a whole sentence to utter in English.
|32. v||… . . . . even the absence of a sound has been enlisted to express something specific.
|33. E||wheel, invention, impact||P A, L 1-4||Other inventions – the wheel, agriculture, sliced bread – may have transformed our material existence, but the advent of language is what made us human.|
|34. G||wheel, invention, impact||P A, L 1-4||Compared to language, all other inventions pale in significance, since everything we have ever achieved depends on language and originates from it.
Which means no impact has been as important (fundamental) as that of language, because every other invention owes its origin to language – language is fundamental.
|35. B||composed, small number of sounds||PB, L 1||In its own right it is a tool of extraordinary sophistication, yet based on an idea of ingenious simplicity: .. .. .… this marvelous invention of composing out of twenty-five or thirty sounds that infinite variety of expression . . . ..
These lines suggest that language is sophisticated or complex but it comes out of only a few sounds.
|36. F||appears, sophistication, overlooked||paragraph D lines 5-9||.. . .. Yet it is precisely this deceptive ease which makes language a victim of its own success since in everyday life its triumphs are usually taken for granted. The wheels of language run so smoothly that one rarely bothers to stop and think about all the resourcefulness and expertise that must have gone into making it tick.
The lines suggest that language provides us ease, and this ease has made people think very little about how sophisticated a language is.
|37. NO||present position, without language||Para A, L5||Without language, we could never have embarked on our ascent to unparalleled power over all other animals, and even over nature itself.|
|38. YES||Port-Royal grammarians||Para B, L6||This was how, in 1660, the renowned French grammarians of the Port-Royal abbey near Versailles distilled the essence of language, and no one since has celebrated more eloquently the magnitude of its achievement.
Which means the Port-Royal grammarians have most eloquently or beautifully described the essence or nature of language. So, they did justice to the nature of language.
|39. NOT GIVEN||complex idea, clearly, sentence||Nothing mentioned about such clearly.|
|40. YES||Sumerians, recording events||Para F, L1||And if that sounds like some one-off freak, then consider Sumerian, the language spoken on the banks of the Euphrates some 5,000 years ago by the people who invented writing and thus enabled the documentation of history.
Which means that the Sumerians invented writing and documentation of history.
Answer for “This marvelous invention” with explanations