Answer for “Whatever happened to the Harappan Civilization” with explanations

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Answer for “Whatever happened to the Harappan Civilization” with explanations

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Answers Keywords Location Explanation
27. C Proposed explanations, Decline Paragraph C, Line 1-3 Some have claimed that major glacier-fed rivers changed their course, dramatically affecting the water supply and agriculture; or the city could not cope with an increasing population, they exhausted their resource base, the trading economy broke down or they succumbed to invasion and conflict.
28. H  Present-day application, archaeological, Research findings Paragraph H, Line 2-4 By investigating responses to environmental pressures and threats, we can learn from the past to engage with the public, and the relevant governmental and administrative bodies, to be more proactive in issues such as…

It indicates that their investigating technique is a modern or present-day application.

29. A Difference, The Harappan Civilization, Another culture of the same period Paragraph A, Line 5-7 But their lack of self-imagery – at a time when the Egyptians were carving and painting representations of themselves all over the temples – is only part of the mystery.
30. B Description, Features, Urban Design Paragraph B, Line 3 We can find the statements of Dr. Cameron Petrie of the University of Cambridge. “… . . As population increased, cities were built that had great baths, craft workshops, palaces and halls laid out in distinct sectors. Houses were arranged in blocks, with wide main streets and narrow alleyways, and many had their own wells and drainage systems..”
31. D  Discovery, Errors, Previous archaeologists Paragraph D, Line 7 They realized that any attempt to use the existing data were likely to be fundamentally flawed.

Flawed = with errors or mistakes

32. Shells Collection, Snails Paragraph E, Line 5  The researchers gathered shells of Melanoides tuberculata snails from the sediments of an ancient lake…

Gathered = collection

33. Lake Discovered evidence, Change, Water levels Paragraph E, Line 8 But we have observed that there was an abrupt change about 4,100 years ago, when the amount of evaporation from the lake exceeded the rainfall – indicative of a drought.

The evidence of water-level change was found in a lake.

34. Rainfall  Less, Evaporation, Drought Paragraph E, Line 8 But we have observed that there was an abrupt change about 4,100 years ago, when the amount of evaporation from the lake exceeded the rainfall – indicative of a drought.
35.Grains Petrie and Singh’s, Archaeological records, Five millennia ago paragraph G, Line 1 Petrie and Singh’s team is now examining archaeological records and trying to understand details of how people led their lives in the region five millennia ago. They are analyzing grains cultivated at the time…’

Here, analyse means look at and at the time means five millennia ago

36. Pottery Examining objects, Links between inhabitants, Different parts of the region Paragraph G, Lines 6 They are also looking at whether the types of pottery used, and other aspects of their material culture, were distinctive to specific regions or more similar across large areas.
37. B Changes to environmental conditions, Vital Paragraph F, Line 5 Dr. Rabindanath Singh’s quote of “Considering the vast area of the Harappan Civilization with its variable weather systems, it is essential that we obtain more climate data from areas close to the two great cities at Mohenjodaro and Harappa and also from the Indian Punjab.”

Variable weather conditions = changes in environmental conditions

Essential = vital

38. A Previous patterns of behavior, Long-term benefits Paragraph H, Line 2  Cameron Petrie’s quote of “By investigating responses to environmental pressures and threats, we can learn from the past to engage with the public, and the relevant governmental and administrative bodies, to be more proactive in issues such as…”

Previous = the past

Long term benefits = to be more protective

39. D Rough calculations, Water shortage Paragraph E, Line 10 Yama Dixit’s quote of “We estimate that the weakening of the Indian summer monsoon climate lasted about 200 years before recovering to the previous condition… . ..”

Estimate = rough calculations

Lasted about 200 years = the approximate length of water shortage

40. A decline, lacking Paragraph B, Line 1 Cameron Patrie’s quote of, “ There is plenty of archaeological evidence to tell us about the rise of the Harappan Civilization, but relatively little about its fall.”
Relatively little = lackingFall = decline

Answer for “Whatever happened to the Harappan Civilization” with explanations

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