Answer of Alexander Henderson (1831-1913) with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 14, Reading Test 2: Passage 1 is aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.
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Answer of Alexander Henderson (1831-1913) with Explanation
- The answers appear in the same order in the text as the order of the statements
- You don’t need to read the whole text. First, you will scan for keywords and then you’ll read in detail the section in which they’re located for the answer.
- There will be at least one of each answer type – True, False, Not Given. So, if you don’t have at least one of each when you’ve completed the question, you’ve made a mistake.
- Identify any words that qualify the statement, for example, some, all, mainly, often, always and occasionally. These words are there to test if you have read the whole statement because they can change the meaning. For example, ‘Coca-Cola has always made its drinks in the U.S.A.’ has a different meaning from ‘Coca-Cola has mainly made its drinks in the U.S.A.’
- The statements won’t be a word-for-word match to the information in the text. They will contain synonyms and paraphrasing. It’s the meaning that you are trying to match.
- Remember that at least one answer will be NG. This means that you will be searching for information that is not there.
- Don’t answer based on your assumptions
- If you can’t find the information you are looking for, then it is probably ‘not given’. Don’t waste time looking for something that is not there.
- If you have no idea what the answer is put ‘not given’. You probably have no idea because the answer is not there.
- Don’t write yes for True, No for false.
|1. False||Henderson, Press estate||Para 1, last lines||Scan for the keywords: Henderson, Press estate which is in para1. No need to search for the synonyms if noun.|
Now read this line “Alexander (Henderson) spent much of his childhood in the area”…
This means he often stayed in the Press estate (the area) when he was younger. It is contradictory to the question. Therefore, FALSE.
|2. True||business career, family wanted||Para 2, line 2||Now read this line “.In 1849 he began a three-year apprenticeship to become an accountant. Although, he never liked the prospect of a business career, he stayed with it to please his family.”|
He stayed with it to please his family means that he only pursued a business career because his family wanted him to do so. Thus, it is clear that the statement is TRUE.
|3.Not Given||Henderson, Notman, 1865||Para 3||According to this paragraph Henderson and Notman carried out an experiment with magnesium flares. There is no reference, however, to the results of the experiment or about the men‟s reaction towards such results. Hence Not Given|
|4.||similarities, landscapes, Henderson, Notman||Para 4, line 1||Now read this line “In spite of their friendship, their styles of photography were quite different. While Notman’s landscapes were noted for their bold realism, Henderson for the first 20 years of his career produced romantic images, showing the strong influence of the British landscape tradition.”|
Their styles of photography were quite different means that that the works of Henderson and Notman did not have much similarities. It is contradictory to the question. Therefore, FALSE.
|5.Not Given||The location of the studio is not mentioned.|
|6.True||gave up, taking photographs,||Para 5, line 2||No direct keywords hence search for landscape photography and other views =photography of scenery, dropped = gave up.|
Now read this line “From about 1870 he dropped portraiture to specialize in landscape photography and other views.”
The word “specialize” implies that he wanted to focus his efforts on only one kind of photography, so this statement is TRUE.
|7. False||Intercolonial Railway, Montreal to Halifax line||Para 7, line 5-8||Search for the keywords; paragraph 7, Intercolonial Railway, Montreal to Halifax line|
Now read this line “That same year, while in the lower St. Lawrence River region, he took some photographs of the construction of the Intercolonial Railway. This undertaking led in 1875 to a commission from the railway to record the principal structures along the almost-completed line connecting Montreal to Halifax.”
Almost-completed line connecting Montreal to Halifax suggest that the Montreal to Halifax line was not yet completed at that time. It is contradictory to the question. Therefore, FALSE.
|8.||last work, photographer, Canadian Pacific||Para 8||Search for the keywords and synonyms of last work, photographer, Canadian Pacific which is in para 8.|
Now read this line “In 1892 Henderson accepted a full-time position with the CPR (Canadian Pacific Railway) as manager of a photographic department …He continued in this post until 1897, when he retired completely from photography.”
Thus, it can be understood that his last photography work (before retiring) was with the CPR. The statement is TRUE.
|9. merchant||Scotland, 1831||Para 1 line 1||Now read this line “Alexander Henderson was born in Scotland in 1831 and was the son of a successful merchant.”|
|10. equipment||Henderson’s, photography,|
|Para 5, line 6-10||Now read this line “Henderson, therefore, did not have much competition…. There are two reasons for this: “time-consuming techniques” and the“weight of the equipment”. |
Time-consuming techniques means taking up considerable time, and the latter as “heavy equipment”. Thus, the answer is “equipment”.
|11. gifts||Henderson, sold, souvenirs||Para5, line 6-10||Now read this line “people wanted to buy photographs as souvenirs of a trip or as gifts”. Therefore, it is clear that the blank should be filled with “gifts”.|
|12. canoe||many trips, eastern rivers||Para 7, line 1||Now read this line “In the 1870s and 1880s Henderson travelled widely throughout Quebec and Ontario. . .. . . .. .He was especially fond of the wilderness and often travelled by canoe on the Blanche, du Lievre, and other noted eastern rivers.” |
Often travelled by canoe suggest that Henderson made many trips (travelled widely) in a canoe.
|13. mountains||CPR, 1885, Rogers Pass||Para 7, last line||Now read the line “In 1885 he went west long the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) as far as Rogers Pass in British Columbia, where he took photographs of the mountains and the progress of construction.”|
He took the photos of two things: progress of Roger pass and the mountains. So mountains is the answer.