Answer of Saving Bugs to Find New Drugs with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 14, Reading Test 3: Passage 2 and is aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.
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Answer of Saving Bugs to Find New Drugs with Explanation
Tips & Process for 14-20
- Answers are never in order
- Some paragraphs may not have an answer at all and some could contain more than one answer.
- Do this question at last. Each text will have several types of questions attached to it. If you do the matching information question last, you will have a good understanding of the passage by the time you get to it. This will make it easier and quicker to complete.
- This is not matching heading so you may not find your answer in the first and last sentence of the paragraph always
- You need to be aware of synonyms
- Search for the questions with names, numbers, places and dates information to match first. It is more easy to locate them.
|14. C||factors, renewed interest, natural medicinal compounds||Para C||Now read these lines “…the development of new approaches focusing once again on natural products”. Which is the first factor.|
And Another line “This realization, together with several looming health crises, such as antibiotic resistance, has put bioprospecting – the research for useful compounds in nature – firmly back on the map.” This is the another factor.
|15. H||technological advances, insect research, easier,||Para H||Now read this line “Fortunately, it is now possible to snip out the stretches of the insect’s DNA that carry the codes for the interesting compounds and insert them into cell lines that allow larger quantities to be produced.”|
The phrase “now possible” suggests that it wasn’t possible in the past, implying a great development in technology and science.
|16. A||animals, use, medicinal substances||Para A||Read this line intensively “capuchin monkeys who use toxin-oozing millipedes to deter mosquitoes” and “chimpanzees who use noxious forest plants to rid themselves of intestinal parasites”.|
capuchin monkeys and chimpanzees are animals.
|17. F||reasons, challenging, use insects, drug research||Para F||Paragraph F talks three prime reasons of the challenges associated with using insects in drug research by the use of connectors.|
|18 . I||reasons, interest in drug research, benefit, wildlife||Para I||Read this line “I sincerely believe that all species, however small and seemingly insignificant, have a right to exist for their own sake. If we can shine a light on the darker recesses of nature’s medicine cabinet, exploring the useful chemistry of the most diverse animals on the planet, I believe we can make people think differently about the value of nature.”|
These lines clearly shows the fact that higher research on drug research can benefit all species (wildlife).
|19. B||reason, nature-based, medicine, fell out of favour||Para B||Now read this line “Then, for a while, modern pharmaceutical science moved its focus away from nature and into the laboratory, deigning chemical compounds from scratch. The main cause of this shift is that although there are plenty of promising chemical compounds in nature, finding them is far from easy.”|
This means that for a while, modern pharmaceutical science moved its focus away from nature”. For a period = for a while, Medicine = pharmaceutical science.
|20. E||insect-derived medicine, in use||Para E||Now read this line “For example, alloferon, an antimicrobial compound produced by blow fly larvae, is used as an antiviral and antitumor agent in South Korea and Russia.”|
This para mentions several promising compounds derived from insects, such as alloferon.
|21 & 22. B & C||TWO, make insects interesting, drug research,||Para G and H||Now read this line in para G ” Although using insects for|
drug research is challenging, it is also interesting and potentially useful. The creatures that particularly interest us are the many insects that secrete powerful poison for subduing prey and keeping it fresh for future consumption.”
This means that humans can make use of these compounds to produce antibiotics.
Now In paragraph H “Fortunately, it is now possible to snip out the stretches of the insect’s DNA that carry the codes for the interesting compounds and insert them into cell lines that allow larger quantities to be produced.”
This is the other benefit.
|23. ecology||Ross Piper and fellow zoologists, using their expertise, bioprospecting||Para G||Now read this line “My colleagues and I at Aberystwyth University in the UK have developed an approach in which we use our knowledge of ecology as a guide to target our efforts.”.|
Hence, Piper and his colleagues use their knowledge in ecology to target certain insects for bioprospecting.
|24. prey||compounds, insects produce, to overpower||Para G||Keywords and synonyms: subduing = overpower, keeping it fresh = preserve.|
Now read this line “The creatures that particularly interest us are the many insects that secrete powerful poison for subduing prey and keeping it fresh for future consumption.”
The creatures that particularly interest the scientists
are those that product substances to subdue their prey and to keep it fresh.
|25. habitats||interested, compounds, insects, protect, pathogenic bacteria,|
|Para G||Now read this line “There are even more insects that are masters of exploiting filthy habitats, such as faeces and carcasses, where they are regularly challenged by thousands of micro-organisms. These insects have many antimicrobial compounds for dealing with pathogenic bacteria and fungi, . ..”|
Thus, it can be understood that pathogenic bacteria and fungi are found in these insects’ habitats.
|26. antibiotics||Piper, hopes, useful, development, drugs||Now read this line “…there is certainly potential to find many compounds that can serve as or inspire new antibiotics.”|
This means he hopes that these compounds and substances will be used to develop antibiotics (a type of drug).