Answer of The Growth of Bike-Sharing Schemes Around the World is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 14, Reading Test 1: Passage 2 aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.
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Answer of The Growth of Bike-Sharing Schemes Around the World with explanation is divided into three parts for your ease of navigating answer, passage, and questions, all at the same time.
Answer of The Growth of Bike-Sharing Schemes Around the World
Tips & Process for 14-18
- Answers are never in order
- Some paragraphs may not have an answer at all and some could contain more than one answer.
- Do this question at last. Each text will have several types of questions attached to it. If you do the matching information question last, you will have a good understanding of the passage by the time you get to it. This will make it easier and quicker to complete.
- This is not matching heading so you may not find your answer in the first and last sentence of the paragraph always
- You need to be aware of synonyms
- Search for the questions with names, numbers, places and dates information to match first. It is more easy to locate them.
Tips & Process for 19-22
- Read the questions before you read the options
- The answers will be in the same order as the text
- Eliminating the 50% of the option should not be hard and for the rest 50% use qualifiers and distractors to match the answerE.g. Everyone who ate the prawn sandwiches at the party was ill.Most people who ate the prawn sandwiches at the party were ill.
- The skills that you use in MCQ are skimming scanning and reading for details.
- If you know nothing about the topic, don’t panic. It is a reading test, not a test of your knowledge.
- Before deciding on your answer, always go back and carefully read the questions before making your final decision.
- You might be asked about both facts and opinions. Facts are things that are always true or cannot be disproved but opinions are just what people think.
- In case, you don’t find the answer just make an educated guess. You don’t lose score for your wrong answer.
Tips & Process for 23-26
- You need not read the whole text in detail, just the part that is summarised, so scanning is the best skill.
- The answers are usually in the same order in the text as the order of the missing words.
- Take care of the word limit, e.g. NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS.
- When you’ve entered your answer, check the sentence to ensure that it is grammatically correct. Should the gap be filled with a verb, noun, adjective or adverb? If your answer makes the sentence grammatically wrong, then you have the wrong answer.
- Look for synonyms and paraphrases in the text rather than words that directly match.
- If it is the summary with answers, there will be more words in the list than there are gaps in the summary to fill so you won’t need them all.
- Cross the wrong answer through in pencil which does not fit the grammar
- If you’re struggling to find a specific missing word, take an educated guess and move on.
|14. E||misused, bike-sharing||Para E, Line 4|
Read this “The system was prone to vandalism and theft”.
Here, system means the bike-sharing scheme and theft and vandalism means misuse.
|15. C||proposed bike-sharing scheme, turned down||Para C, line 6||Read this “. . .. Nevertheless, the the council unanimously rejected the plan, ‘They said that the bicycle belongs to the past. They saw a glorious future for the car,’. … .”|
Here, rejected means turned down; paragraph C gives explanation of why a proposed bike-sharing scheme was turned down.
|16. F||person being unable, profit||Para F||Read this “… But financially I didn’t really benefit from it, because I never filed for a patent.”|
Here, financially I didn’t really benefit from it has similar meaning that unable to profit and it means the bike-sharing schemes.
|17. C||potential savings||Read this “ . .. . It turned out that a white bicycle – per person, per kilometre – would cost the municipality only 10% of what it contributed to public transport per person, per kilometre.’. .. .”|
This suggests that the benefits of the scheme were much greater than the cost, hence it would save a lot of resources. Here, would cost the municipality only 10% means that potential savings is 90%.
|18. A||problems, intended to solve||Para A, line 3||Read this “ . . .They believed the scheme, which was known as the Witte Fietsenplan, was an to the perceived threats of air pollution and consumerism.”|
Hence, air pollution and consumerism are two problems that the scheme was intended to solve.
|19 & 20. B & D||Amsterdam bike-sharing scheme of 1999||Para D, line 7||This, combined with the success of the Danish bike-sharing scheme, led to the introduction of the new Amsterdam scheme in 1999. In other words, it was made possible by a change in people‟s attitudes.Thus, D is one correct|
Now Read line 7 “. . But the biggest blow came when Postbank decided to abolish the chip card, because it wasn’t profitable.. .. . .” This was “the biggest blow” to the scheme, and the scheme could not continue. Therefore, B is correct.
|21 & 22. D & E||Amsterdam today||Para G, line 2 & 6||Read this “In Amsterdam today.. ..”. At first, take a look at lines 2-3, “it is regarded as one of the two most cycle-friendly capitals in the world”, which means Amsterdam is known as a place that welcomes cyclists. Thus, E is correct.|
Again, look at lines 6-7, “.. . People who travel on the underground don’t carry their bikes around. But often they need additional transport to reach their final destination.” People using the underground are often the residents using public transport‟, and they would benefit from the scheme. Thus, D is correct.
|23. activists||Dutch group Provo||Para A, line 2||Read this “.. .Provo, the organisation that came up with the idea, was a group of Dutch activists who wanted to change society.”|
Provo was a group of Dutch activists so activists is answer.
|24. consumerism||concerned damage, environment||Para A, Line 3||Read this “…They believed the scheme, which . .. . .. . ., was an answer to the perceived threats of air pollution and consumerism.”|
This means that they are concerned about these two problems, and suggested a solution. Because air pollution means a damage to the environment, answer should be consumerism.
|25. leaflets||white, use of cars||Para A, line 5||Now read this “… . . In the centre of Amsterdam, they painted a small number of used bikes white. They also distributed leaflets describing the dangers of cars . . .. .. ..”|
It is stated that Provo activists distributed leaflets describing the dangers of cars which means leaflets disapproved (or condemned) the use of cars.
|26. police||scheme, quickly, success, provo||Para B, line 4||Read this “The police were opposed to Provo’s initiatives and almost as soon as soon as the white bikes were distributed around the city, they removed them.”|
It means that police removed as soon as the white bikes were distributed around the city.