Answer of The Importance of Children’s Play with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 14, Reading Test 1: Passage 1 aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers. If you need a complete reading guide then click here.
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Explanation for Answer of The Importance of Children’s Play
- The answers appear in the same order in the text as the order of the statements
- You don’t need to read the whole text. First, you will scan for keywords and then you’ll read in detail the section in which they’re located for the answer.
- There will be at least one of each answer type – True, False, Not Given. So, if you don’t have at least one of each when you’ve completed the question, you’ve made a mistake.
- Identify any words that qualify the statement, for example, some, all, mainly, often, always and occasionally. These words are there to test if you have read the whole statement because they can change the meaning. For example, ‘Coca-Cola has always made its drinks in the U.S.A.’ has a different meaning from ‘Coca-Cola has mainly made its drinks in the U.S.A.’
- The statements won’t be a word-for-word match to the information in the text. They will contain synonyms and paraphrasing. It’s the meaning that you are trying to match.
- Remember that at least one answer will be NG. This means that you will be searching for information that is not there.
- Don’t answer based on your assumptions
- If you can’t find the information you are looking for, then it is probably ‘not given’. Don’t waste time looking for something that is not there.
- If you have no idea what the answer is put ‘not given’. You probably have no idea because the answer is not there.
- Don’t write yes for True, No for false.
|1. Creativity||magical kingdom, develop||Para 1; Sent 1||As we can easily locate the phrase “magical kingdom” in the first sentence of the passage.|
In the last lines of the paragraph, the writer says, Although she isn’t aware of it, this fantasy is helping her take her first steps towards her capacity for creativity and . . . .. ..
Here, this refers to the magical kingdom and helping her take her first steps towards her capacity means help develop her creativity.
|2. rules||board games, turn-taking||Para 2, line 3||As we can easily locate the phrase “board games and turn takes” in the 2nd paragraph of the passage.|
Read this “Later on, when they tire of this and settle down with a board game, she’s learning about the need to follow rules and take turns with a partner.”
Which means that with board games, a child learns two things “1. follow the rules” and “2. take turns”.
Here, take turns with a partner means turn-taking and is already mentioned so your answer is rules.
|3. Cities||populations, changes||Para 5; line 1||we can easily locate the phrase “changes” and “people= population” in the 5th paragraph of the passage.|
Read this “But we live in changing times, and Whitebread is mindful of a worldwide decline in play, pointing out that over half the people in the world now live in cities”
Here, over half of people in the world now live in cities implies that the number of people living in cities has increased/ grown compared to the past.
|4 and 5. traffic, crime(any order)||opportunities, limited, fear of||Para 5, line 2||You won’t find the direct keywords in this question.|
The opportunities for free play, …. . . . .. . . . .. . are becoming increasingly scarce.’ he says. Outdoor play is curtailed by perceptions of risk to do with traffic, as well as parents’ increased wish to protect their children from being the victims of crime.
Here, becoming increasingly scarce means limited, perceptions of risk is similar to fear, and parents’ increased wish to protect their children means fear.
Writer mentions two reasons which are listed include “perception of risk to do with traffic”, “parents wish to protect their children from being victims of crime”.
|6. competition||increased, school||Para 2, line 5|| we can easily locate the phrase “school” 2nd paragraph of the passage.|
. . .. .and by the emphasis on ‘earlier is better’ which is leading to greater competition in academic learning and schools.
Here, leading to greater competition means increased competition.
|7. evidence||difficult, support new policies||Para 6,|| we can easily locate the phrase “difficult” and “police” in 6th paragraph of the passage.|
Read this “International bodies like the United Nations and the European Union have begun to develop policies . … ..” Then in the last line, “ . .. .But what they often lack is the evidence to base policies on.”
The phrase “to base policies on” can be considered as “to support new policies”, and “what they often lack” means “it is difficult to find”.
so, it is difficult to find evidence to support polices.
|8. life||child’s, research||Para 8, line 2|| we can easily locate the phrase “child’s later life” in 8th paragraph of the passage.|
Read this “Dr Jenny Gibson agrees, pointing out . .. ., there is very little data on the impact it has on the child’s later life“.
Here, child’s later life means the rest of the child’s life
|9. True||good self-control, school, later||Para 11|| we can easily locate the phrase “self-control“ and “pre-schoolers” in 11th paragraph of the passage.|
Read this “In a study carried out by Baker with toddlers and young pre-schoolers, she found that children with greater self-control solved problems more quickly when exploring an unfamiliar set-up requiring scientific reasoning. ‘This sort of evidence makes us think that giving children the chance to play will make them more successful problem-solvers in the long run.”
So, it is true that children with self-control do well in the long run.
|10. True||child plays, medical problems||Para|| we can easily locate the phrase “play“ and “medical problems= disorders” in 11th paragraph of the passage.|
Read this “… Playful behaviour is also an important indicator of healthy social and emotional development. . .. . .. . . .give us important clues about their well-being and . .. .. . .. .useful in the diagnosis of neurodevelopmental disorders like autism.”
Here, the lines clearly shows that the way a child plays can be used to identify medical problems (autism).”
|11. Not Given||dolls, benefit, girl||Para 14, line 4||There is no comparison between girls’ writing and boys’ writing.|
|12. False||children, thinking up ideas, Lego||Para 15, line 3|| we can easily locate the phrase “children“ and “lego” in 15th paragraph of the passage.|
Read this “Children wrote longer and better-structured stories when they first played with dolls representing characters in the story. In the latest study, children first created their story with Lego, with similar results”.
Here, with lego they had similar results means Children wrote longer and better-structured stories. So, they had no problem, instead they could write longer and better. Hence, it is false.
|13. True||nowadays, children’s play, less significant||Para last, line 1||No direct keywords are given.|
Read this “Somehow the importance of play has been lost in recent decades. It’s regarded as something trivial, or even as something negative that contrasts with ‘work’.”
Here, nowadays means in recent decades and less significant is similar to has been lost, …. Regarded as something trivial.
Which means that in recent decades, attitudes to play have, therefore, changed. It is now considered to be something unimportant or even negative. In contrast, people in the past thought that it was more important.