Answer of The Power of Play with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 14, Reading Test 3: Passage 3 and is aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.
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Answer of The Power of Play with Explanation is divided into three parts for your ease of navigating answer, passage, and questions, all at the same time.
Answer of The Power of Play with Explanation
Tips & Process for 32-36
- Ignore anything you already know about the topic and don’t make assumptions. Base your answers on the text-only.
- The answers appear in the same order in the text as the order of the statements.
- Identify any words that qualify the statement, for example some, all, mainly, often, always and occasionally. These words are there to test if you have read the whole statement because they can change the meaning.
- Be careful when you see verbs that qualify statements, such as suggest, claim, believe and know. For example, ‘The man claimed he was a British citizen,’ and ‘The man is a British citizen’ mean two different things.
- Watch out for distractions. Know that the test setters love to use ‘distractions’ to test you. A prime example is qualifying words such as:-Ram often goes to the gym.Ram occasionally goes to the gym.
- There will be at least one of each answer type – Yes, No, Not Given. So, if you don’t have at least one of each when you’ve completed the question, you’ve made a mistake.
- You don’t need to read the whole text. First, you will scan for keywords and then you’ll read in detail the section in which they’re located to find the answer.
- Don’t look for words that exactly match those in the statements. You should also look for synonyms. Remember that you are matching meaning, not words.
- If you can’t find the information you are looking for, then it is probably ‘not given’. Don’t waste time looking for something that is not there.
- If you have no idea what the answer is put ‘not given’. You probably have no idea because the answer is not there.
|27. B||play, divided, separate, categories||Para 4, line 2||Now read this line “Definitions range from discrete descriptions of various types of play such as physical, construction, language, or symbolic play (Miller & Almon 2009)”.|
So, the lines suggest that play can be divided into some categories like physical, construction, language, symbolic etc.
|28. G||dult’s goals, play with children||Para 8, line 3||Now read this line “The adults’ role in play varies as a function of their educational goals and the child’s developmental level (Hirsch-Pasek et al. 2009).”|
|29. F||combining, work, play, best, children, learn||Para 7, line 3||Now read this line “Researcher Joan Goodman (1994) suggested that hybrid forms of work and play are not a detriment to learning; rather they can provide optimal contexts for learning.”|
This means that such hybrid, or combination, could be the best way for children to learn.
|30. E||certain, elements, play, more significant,||Para 6||Now read this line “Rubin and colleagues did not assign greater weight to any one dimension in determining playfulness; however, other researchers have suggested that process orientation and a lack of obvious functional purpose may be the most important aspects of play (e.g. Pellegrini 2009).”|
Implying that though Rubin and his colleagues did not think that any one dimension (element) is not more significant (important) than other, Pellegrini thought differently.
|31. c||activities, classified, scale of playfulness||Para 5||Now read this line “Often, play is defined along a continnum as more or less playful using the following set of behavioral and dispositional criteria (e.g. Rubin et al. 1983):. . .” |
Then he claims that claim that play is defined as more or less playful according to a set of criteria. In other words, there is a scale of playfulness for play.
|32. no||Children, toys,||Para 1||Now read this line “Virtually every child, the world over, plays. The drive to play is so intense that children will do so in any circumstances, for instance when they have no real toys, or when parents do not actively encourage the behaviour. In the eyes of a young child, running, pretending and building is fun.”|
Thus, it is incorrect to say that children need toys to play.
|33. yes||mistake, treat, play and learning, separate, activities||Para 2||Scan for the similar keywords: false = mistake, dichotomy = separate.|
Now read this line “Our society has created a false dichotomy (division) between play and learning.”
Thus, it is false to treat play and learning as separate
|34. not given||children, develop, artistic||Para 2|
Keywords are in para 2, but there is no information about ‘artistic talents’ in this paragraph.
|35. no||researchers, agreed, definition, play||Para 4||Now read this line “full consensus on a formal definition of play continues to elude the researchers and theorists who study it”. |
Here, “Full consensus=full agreement‟, “elude= confusing”.
Thus, it is clear that they have not agreed on a definition of play yet. So the statement contradicts the author’s claims.
|36. yes||work and play, differ, have a target||Para 7, line 2||Now read this line “Unlike play, work is typically not viewed as enjoyable and it is extrinsically motivated (i.e. it is goal-oriented).”|
It means that work has a target, and in that way it is different from play.
|37. encouraging||Alternatively, adult, play with child, develop, for instance, investigate||Para 9, line 2||Now read this line “In the more direct form of guided play, parents or other adults can support children’s play by joining in the fun as a co-player, raising thoughtful questions, commenting on children’s discoveries, or encouraging further exploration or new facets to the child’s activity.”|
|38. desire||adults, help children, structured,||Now read this line “Although playful learning can be somewhat structured, it must also be child-centered (Nicolopolou et al. 2006). Play should stem from the child’s own desire.”|
In other words, the play should be based on the child and his/her desire to play.
|39 & 40. autonomy & targeted||intervention of adults, with adults, particular goals||Last para||First read this line “Intrinsically motivated free play provides the child with true autonomy, …”|
Now read this line “while guided play is an avenue through which parents and educators can provide more targeted learning experiences.”