Answer of Why Companies Should Welcome Disorder with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 14, Reading Test 2: Passage 3 and is aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.
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Answer of Why Companies Should Welcome Disorder with Explanation
- The answers will not come in the same order in the text as the order of the list of statements.
- You may not need to read all paragraphs, first see the question which states the paragraphs you need to find headings for
- The answer, sometimes, will not necessarily be in the main idea of a paragraph
- Do this question first.
- Expect lots of synonyms.
- You can narrow down the match of statement and paragraph by a process of elimination. For any specific statement, there will be options that are clearly not a match.
- Take more time than other questions to complete.
- There are more headings than paragraphs.
- Headings that only include specific details rather than the main idea may mislead you
- Do not try to match the heading with the same words that are in the paragraph.
- The first sentence is not always enough to find a perfect heading.
- Pay attention to the headings that are similar to one another.
- Skim the paragraph to get a general idea.
- You should either use numerals (i.e., i or v) or letters (i.e., a, b, c) when listing the headings
- Read all the headings before picking anyone.
|27. vi||Skim Section A and underline (bold here) the keywords as you keep on reading.|
“we ought to organise our company, our home life, our week, our day and even our sleep, all as a means to becoming more productive. Every week, countless seminars and workshops take place around the world to tell a paying public that they ought to structure their lives in order to achieve this.”
These lines suggest that people are increasingly (becoming) expected (ought to) to organise their companies (what).
|28. i||“Ironically, however, the number of businesses that fail has also steadily increased. Work-related stress has increased. A large proportion of workers from all demographics claim to be dissatisfied with the way their work is structured and the way they are managed.”|
Fails, stress, and dissatisfaction are the Complaints about the impact of a management (certain approach).
|29. iii||Skim this line “Writing in the first half of the 20th century, he designed a number of principles to improve the efficiency of the work process, which have since become widespread in modern companies.”|
This paragraph talks about the reference of some recommendations regarding business activities which was given in the first half of the 20th century (early).
|30. ii||Skim this line “New research suggests that this obsession with efficiency is misguided.”|
It means that the beliefs regarding efficiency are misguided or incorrect.
|31. ix||Skim these lines “What’s more, recent studies show that order actually has diminishing returns.” and “Order does increase productivity to a certain extent, but eventually the usefulness of the process of organisation, and the benefit it yields, reduce until the point where any further increase in order reduces productivity.”|
They mean that order does more damage than progress.
|32. vii||Skim through the line “These environments can lead to new solutions that, under conventionally structured environments …….. would never be reached.”|
This implies that a new approach can achieve outcomes that are impossible under the current practice.
|33. iv||This section discusses the new approach – disorganisation, which has been embraced by many organisations such as Google, General Electric, Oticon, etc.|
|34. viii||Skim this line “This research also shows that we should continually question whether or not our existing assumptions work.” |
whether or not our existing assumptions work means there is no guarantee that any approach may work.
|35. productive||raining sessions, aimed at, people who feel||Para 2, sec A, line 2||No direct keywords so Scan for the synonym & similar keywords: countless= numerous, people= public, sessions= seminars, aimed at= to tell.|
Now read this line intensively “We are told that we ought to organise our company, our home life, our week, our day and even our sleep, all as a means to becoming more productive. Every week, countless seminars and workshops take place around the world to tell a paying public that they ought to structure their lives in order to achieve this.”
The lines suggest that countless seminars and workshops (Numerous training sessions) are targeted at people who are not productive.
|36. perfectionists||organized, appeals, people, regard themselves||Para 2, Sec A||Scan for the keyword “regard themselves= self-proclaimed“.|
Now read intensively “This rhetoric has also crept into the thinking of business leaders and entrepreneurs, much to the delight of self proclaimed perfectionists with the need to get everything right.”
This means that being organised appeals to perfectionists.
|37. dissatisfied||many people feel, work||Para 1, Sec B||Scan for the Keywords: large proportion of workers = Many people.|
The answer is in paragraph no. 1 of Section B. “A large proportion of workers from all demographics claim to be dissatisfied with the way their work is structured and the way they are managed.”
Hence, a large proportion of workers are dissatisfied with their work because the way it is structured and the way they are managed.
|38. true||businesses and people, considering, value,||Sect D||Scan for the Keywords in sect D: “businesses and people”, “considering= looking at” |
Now read intensively “The result is that businesses and people spend time and money organising themselves for the sake of organising, rather than actually looking at the end goal and structure of such an effort.”
They “spend time and money organising” rather
than actually “looking at the usefulness of such an effort”.
|39. false||innovation, successful, people involved,||Sect F||Scan for the Keywords: innovation, most successful= best approach, people involved= engaged.|
Read intensively this line “In fact, research shows that, when innovating, the best approach is to create an environment devoid of structure and hierarchy and enable everyone to engage as one organic group.”
So, the lines suggest that if people work together as one organic group, innovation is most successful, not if people have distinct roles.
|40. not given||Google, inspired, adopt, flexibility, success, General Electric||Sect G||While scanning the Keywords look in sect G.|
Whether Google was or was not inspired to adopt flexibility by General Electric is not made clear.