Answers for “Australia’s Sporting Success” with Explanations

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Question 1-7:
1. B (para B, first 4 lines: ―Inside the academies, science takes centre stage. The AIS
employs more than I00 sports scientists and doctors, and collaborates with scores of
others in universities and research centres. AlS scientists work across a number of sports,
applying skills learned in one – such as building muscle strength in golfers – to others,
such as swimming and squash‖)

2. C (para C, last 5 lines: ―system now used in Australian national competitions. It collects
images from digital cameras running at 50 frames a second and breaks down each part of
a swimmer’s performance into factors that can be analysed individually — stroke length,
stroke frequency, average duration of each stroke, velocity, start, lap and finish times,
and so on. At the end of each race. SWAN spits out data on each swimmer.‖)

3. B (para B, last 4 lines: ―up by technicians who design instruments to collect data from
athletes. They all focus on one aim: winning. ‗We can’t waste our time looking at ethereal
scientific questions that don’t help the coach work with an athlete and improve
performance.‘ says Peter Fricker, chief of science at AIS.‖)

4. F (para F, first 5 lines: ―Of course, there’s nothing to stop other countries copying – and
many have tried. Some years ago, the AIS unveiled coolant-lined jackets for endurance
athletes. At the Atlanta Olympic Games in l996.these sliced as much as two per cent off
cyclists‘ and rowers’ times. Now everyone uses them. The same has happened to the
‗altitude tent‘, developed by AIS to replicate the effect of altitude training at sea level.‖)

5. D (para D, last 6 lines: ―the example of athletes who may be down with coughs and colds
11 or 12 times a year. After years of experimentation, AIS and the University of
Newcastle in New South Wales developed a test that measures how much of the immunesystem protein immunoglobulin A is present in athletes’ saliva. If lgA levels suddenly fall
below a certain level, training is eased or dropped altogether. Soon, lgA levels start rising
again, and the danger passes. Since the tests were introduced. AIS athletes in all sports
have been remarkably successful at staying healthy.‖)

6. A (para A, last 3 lines: ―pros live and train under the eyes of coaches. Another body, the
Australian Sports Commission (ASC), finances programmes of excellence in a total of 96
sports for thousands of sportsmen and women. Both provide intensive coaching, training
facilities and nutritional advice.‖)

7. E (para E, first 3 lines: ―Using data is a complex business. Well before a championship,
sports scientists and coaches start to prepare the athlete by developing a ‗competition
model‘, based on what they expect will be the winning times. ‗You design the model to
make that time.‗ says Mason.‖)

Question 8-11:
8. A (para C, line 11-12: ―contribution to sport also includes the development of the SWAN
(SWimming ANalysis) system now used in Australian national competitions. It collects
images from digital cameras‖)

9. B (para D, line 6-7: ―With the Cooperative Research Centre for Micro Technology in
Melbourne. they are developing unobtrusive sensors that will be embedded in an athlete’s
clothes or running shoes‖)

10. A (para D, line 11-13: ―years of experimentation, AIS and the University of Newcastle in
New South Wales developed a test that measures how much of the immune-system
protein immunoglobulin A is present in athletes’ saliva. If lgA levels suddenly fall below
a certain level. training is eased or dropped altogether‖)

11. C (para F, line 2-5: ―ago, the AIS unveiled coolant-lined jackets for endurance athletes.
At the Atlanta Olympic Games in l996.these sliced as much as two per cent off cyclists‘
and rowers’ times. Now everyone uses them. The same has happened to the ‗altitude tent‘,
developed by AIS to replicate the effect of altitude training at sea level.‖)

Question 12-13:-
12. ‗(a) competition model‘ (para E, first 2 lines: ―Using data is a complex business. Well
before a championship, sports scientists and coaches start to prepare the athlete by
developing a ‗competition model‘, based on what they expect‖)

13. ‗(by) 2%‘ (para F, line 2-3: ―ago, the AIS unveiled coolant-lined jackets for endurance
athletes. At the Atlanta Olympic Games in l996, these sliced as much as two per cent off
cyclists‘ and rowers’ times.‖)

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