Answer of Beyond the Blue Horizon with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 10, Reading Test 3: Passage 3 and is aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.
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Answer of Beyond the Blue Horizon with Explanation
- Ignore anything you already know about the topic and don’t make assumptions. Base your answers on the text-only.
- The answers appear in the same order in the text as the order of the statements.
- Identify any words that qualify the statement, for example some, all, mainly, often, always and occasionally. These words are there to test if you have read the whole statement because they can change the meaning.
- Be careful when you see verbs that qualify statements, such as suggest, claim, believe and know. For example, ‘The man claimed he was a British citizen,’ and ‘The man is a British citizen’ mean two different things.
- Watch out for distractions. Know that the test setters love to use ‘distractions’ to test you. A prime example is qualifying words such as:-Ram often goes to the gym.Ram occasionally goes to the gym.
- There will be at least one of each answer type – Yes, No, Not Given. So, if you don’t have at least one of each when you’ve completed the question, you’ve made a mistake.
- You don’t need to read the whole text. First, you will scan for keywords and then you’ll read in detail the section in which they’re located to find the answer.
- Don’t look for words that exactly match those in the statements. You should also look for synonyms. Remember that you are matching meaning, not words.
- If you can’t find the information you are looking for, then it is probably ‘not given’. Don’t waste time looking for something that is not there.
- If you have no idea what the answer is put ‘not given’. You probably have no idea because the answer is not there.
- You need not read the whole text in detail, just the part that is summarised, so scanning is the best skill.
- The answers are usually in the same order in the text as the order of the missing words.
- Take care of the word limit, e.g. NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS.
- When you’ve entered your answer, check the sentence to ensure that it is grammatically correct. Should the gap be filled with a verb, noun, adjective or adverb? If your answer makes the sentence grammatically wrong, then you have the wrong answer.
- Look for synonyms and paraphrases in the text rather than words that directly match.
- If it is the summary with answers, there will be more words in the list than there are gaps in the summary to fill so you won’t need them all.
- Cross the wrong answer through in pencil which does not fit the grammar
- If you’re struggling to find a specific missing word, take an educated guess and move on.
|Keywords||Scan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: 3000 years old burial ground, Lapita, abandoned, |
|Location||Look in Para 1, line 5|
|Explanation||Read this line intensively, “An agricultural worker, digging in the grounds of a derelict plantation, scraped open a grave – the first of dozens in a burial ground some 3,000 years old.”|
|Keywords||Scan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: cemetery, significant, agricultural worker|
– cemetery=burial ground
|Location||Look in Para 1|
|Explanation||Read this line intensively, “An important archaeological discovery on the island of Efate in the Pacific archipelago of Vanuatu has revealed traces . .. . .” And then, in the next few lines we find the mention of the discovery of the cemetery (burial ground) by an agricultural worker.|
|Keywords||Scan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: The Lapita, voyages, tools,|
|Location||Look in Para 2, Line 1|
|Explanation||Read this line intensively, “They were also pioneers who carried with them everything they would need to build new lives – their livestock, taro seedlings and stone tools.”|
So, the answer is: I (animals) the word is synonymous to ‘livestock’.
|Answer||30 and 31 G and B|
|Keywords||Scan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: team of researchers, Matthew Spriggs, very important, confirms, found inside|
|Location||Look in Para 3, Line 6|
|Explanation||Read this line intensively, “Other items included a Lapita burial urn with modeled birds arranged on the rim as though peering down at the human remains sealed inside. . .. . “It’s an important discovery,” says Matthew Spriggs, … . .. .‟ for it conclusively identifies the remains as Lapita.|
Here, the lines mean that the team of researchers led by Matthew Spriggs, professor of archaeology at the Australian National University, says that the burial urn found in the discovery is important because it carried human remains inside which proved to the remains of Lapita people.
– bones= human remains
|Keywords||Scan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: explaining, Lapita, accomplished, journeys|
|Location||Look in Para 5|
|Explanation||Read this line intensively, “There is one stubborn question for which archaeology has yet to provide any answers: how did the Lapita accomplish the ancient equivalent of a moon landing, many times over? No-one has found one of their canoes or any rigging, which could reveal how the canoes were sailed. Nor do the oral histories and traditions of later Polynesians offer any insights, for they turn into myths long before they reach as far back in time as the Lapita.”|
The lines indicate to the fact that archaeology of the present time could not verify all the information relating to their accomplishments made by Lapita so long ago. Even local Polynesians could not provide any insight regarding this matter.
This means that in this period, all the information relating to their accomplishments could not be verified.
|Keywords||Scan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: sixth paragraph, extraordinary about, Lapita,|
|Location||Look in Para 6, Line 9|
|Explanation||Read this line intensively, “The real adventure didn’t begin, however, until their Lapita descendants sailed out of sight of land, with empty horizons on every side. This must have been as difficult for them as landing on the moon for us today.”|
– Beyond the point where land is visible=out of sight of land.
The lines suggest that the voyages / sailing out of sight of land (beyond the point where land was visible) were really extraordinary for the Lapita as it is compared to landing on the moon.
|Keywords||Scan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: This’, seventh paragraph,|
|Location||Look in Para Line|
|Explanation||Read this line intensively, “They could sail out for days into the unknown and assess the area, secure in the knowledge that if they didn’t find anything, they could turn about and catch a swift ride back on the trade winds. This is what would have made the whole thing work.”|
So, in this context, the word ‘this’ indicates to the Lapita people’s belief that if they failed to find anything in the open, wide ocean and they could turn back, the trade winds would guide them and bring them back home swiftly.
|Keywords||Scan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: eighth paragraph, how, geography, significant|
|Location||Look in Para 8|
|Explanation||Read this line intensively, “ For returning explorers, successful or not, the geography of their own archipelagos would have provided a safety net. Without this to go by, overshooting their home ports, getting lost and sailing off into eternity would have been all too easy.” |
So, this means that the geography of the region provided a navigational aid for the Lapita.
|Keywords||Scan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: now clear, sail into, prevailing wind|
|Location||Look in Para 9|
|Explanation||Read this line intensively, “All this presupposes one essential detail, says Atholl Anderson, professor of prehistory at the Australian National University: the Lapita had mastered the advanced art of sailing against the wind. ‘And there’s no proof they could do any such thing.’ Anderson says.”|
|Keywords||Scan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: extreme climate conditions, Lapita migration|
|Location||Look in Para 10|
|Explanation||Read this line intensively, “Rather than give all the credit to human skill, Anderson invokes the winds of chance. El Nino, the same climate disruption that affects the Pacific today, may have helped scatter the Lapita”|
This means that during the time of the Lapita, a series of El Nino may have helped scatter the Lapita. So, the statement is true.
|Answer||38 Not Given|
|Keywords||Scan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: predict, duration, El Ninos|
|Location||Look in Para 10|
|Explanation||There is no information regarding the Lapita people learned to predict about the duration of El Nino.|
|Keywords||Scan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: unclear, halted expansion, the Pacific|
– halted = call it quits
|Location||Look in Para 11|
|Explanation||Read this line intensively, “However they did it, the Lapita spread themselves a third of the way across the Pacific, then called it quits for reasons known only to them.”|
Therefore, the expansion halted by the Lapita for reasons known only to them.
So, the answer is: YES