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Answers for “Bring back the big cats” with explanation

Answers for “Bring back the big cats” with explanation

Answers Keywords Location Explanations
14. D

2006 discovery, animal bone paragraph 1 lines 7 Untill this discovery, the lynx…………..6.000 years ago,…..farming.

But the 2006 find, …………. the lynx and the mysterious Llewellyn were in fact one and the same animal.

If this is so, it would bring forward the tassel-eared cat’s estimated extinction date by roughly 5,000 years.

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  • the extinction of the lynx had happened much later than previously thought.
15. A large predators, third paragraph line 8- 15 of 3rd paragraph. Some of them drive dynamic processes that resonate through the whole food chain, creating niches for hundreds of species that might otherwise struggled to survive.
  • creating niches for hundreds of species= bring diversity
 

16. C

British conservation, fourth paragraph Lines 2-5 of paragraph 4 ….which has often selected arbitrary assemblages of plants and animals and sought, at great effort and expense, to prevent them from changing…

….tried to preserve the living world as if it were a jar of pickles, letting nothing in and nothing out, keeping nature in a state of arrested development.

  • arbitrary= not seeming to be based on a reason, system or plan and sometimes seeming unfair
  • a jar of pickles= everything in a static state
17. A

Protecting, commercial fishing Paragraph 5, line 1, 7 At sea the potential is even greater by …………

…..This policy would also greatly boost catches in the surrounding seas….

These lines suggest that there are some practical benefits of protecting large areas of the sea from commercial fishing

18. C

rewilding, other environmental campaigns P6, line 1, 7 rewilding is a rare example of an environmental movement……..

………….it helps to create a more inspiring vision

  • inpiring= appealing
  • vision= positive message
19. E

evidence, lynx, danger P7, line 1 The lynx presents no threat to human beings: there is no known instance of one preying on people
  • No evidence = no known instance
  • Prey on = put something in danger
20. D

reduce the number, populations Lines 7-10 of paragraph 7 It is a specialist predator of roe deer, a species that has exploded in Britain in recent decades, holding back, by intensive browsing, attempts to re-establish forests.

It will also winkle out sika deer: an exotic species that is almost impossible for human beings to control, as it hides in impenetrable plantations of young trees.

  • 21. F

minimal threat, from lynx habitats paragraph 7, lines 14-18, The lynx requires deep cover, and as such presents little risk to sheep and other livestock, which are supposed, as a condition of farm subsidies, to be kept out of the woods.
  • little risk = minimal threat
22. A

reintroduction, initiatives to return, native paragraph 7 lines 11-13 The attempt to reintroduce this predator marries well with the aim of bringing forests back to parts of our bare and barren uplands.
  • marries well = link efficiently
  • The aim = initiatives
  • Bringing back = return
23. NO

 first European country, reintroduce paragraph 8 lines 9-12 The lynx has now been reintroduced to the Jura Mountains, the Alps, the Vosges in eastern France and the Harz Mountains in Germany, and has re-established itself in many more places.
  • re-established itself in many more places= not the first one
24. NOT GIVEN

large growth, since 1970,  P8, L 14-15 The European population has tripled since 1970 to roughly 10,000.

But there is no discussion whether it has exceeded the expectation of the conservationists.

25. YES

changes, agricultural practices, extend, habitat paragraph 8, lines 15-19 As with wolves, bears, beavers, boar, bison, moose and many other species, the lynx has been able to spread as farming has left the hills and …..
  • has been able to spread= spread
26. YES apparent, species reintroduction paragraph 8, lines 20-21 ……………….and people discover that it is more lucrative to protect charismatic wildlife than to hunt it.
  • lucrative= driving money= commercial

 

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