Answers for “Cork” with explanation

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Answers Keywords Location Explanation
1. NOT GIVEN Thickest bark Paragraph 2, line 2 The author mentioned the thick bark of the cork oak tree
as a remarkable material and its bark grows up to 20 cm in thickness.This information does not mean that it is the thickest bark of any living tree.
2. FALSE A synthetic cork, the same cellular structure paragraph 2 line 8 The writer mentioned the cellular structure of the bark of the cork oak “the bark of the cork oak has a particular cellular structure – with about 40 million cells per cubic centimeter – that technology has never succeeded in replicating”.
  • technology = scientists
  • never succeeded in replicating= have not been able to make a copy of the natural cork
3. FALSE Individual, 25 years paragraph 4 line 6 From the planting of a cork sapling to the first harvest takes 25 years, and a gap of approximately a decade must separate harvests from an individual tree.
  • Therefore, the period of 25 years is the period from the planting to the first harvest, while the gap between the first and the second harvest is about 10 years ( a decade)
4. TRUE Stripped, atmospheric conditions​ paragraph 4 line 14 If the bark is stripped on a day when it’s too cold – or when the air is damp – the tree will be damaged.

Therefore, the bark should not be stripped in damp atmospheric conditions but in dry .

5. TRUE Only way, remove, by hand​ paragraph 5 line 2 No mechanical means of stripping cork bark has been invented, so the job is done by teams of highly skilled workers.
  • “stripping cork bark” = “remove the bark”.
  • no mechanical means has been invented”=  no use of any machines in removing the bark
  • By hand = done by workers, no mechanical means
6.Taste affect, bottle contents paragraph 6 line 1 Recent years have seen the end of the virtual monopoly of cork as the material for bottle stoppers, due to ……………..can spoil the taste of the product contained in the bottle. The result has been a gradual yet steady move first towards plastic stoppers and, more recently, to aluminum screw caps.
  • Affect = spoil
  • Bottle contents = the product contained in the bottle

Moved from cork to plastic and recently to aluminium for not spoiling the taste.

7.Cheaper Produce paragraph 6 line 17 These substitutes are cheaper to manufacture.
  • Cheaper= manufacture
8. Convenient Use​ paragraph 6 line 17 These substitutes are cheaper to manufacture and, in the case of screw caps, more convenient for the user”.
9. image Suit, quality products paragraph 7 line 3 Firstly, it’s (the cork bottle stopper) traditional image is more in keeping with that of the type of high-quality goods with which it has long been associated.
  • The answer allows one word only, so it has to be “image”
    • Products = goods
    • In keeping with = suit
10.Sustainable  Made from, material Paragraph 7 line 6 Secondly and very important cork is a sustainable product ….
11.Recycled Paragraph 7 line 6 Secondly – and very importantly – cork is a sustainable product that can be recycled without difficulty
  • Easily = without difficulty
12.Biodiversity Cork forests, aid Moreover, cork forests are a resource which supports local biodiversity, and prevent desertification…………….
  • aids= supports

For one word answer= biodiversity

13. Desertification. cork forests, stop​ paragraph 7 line 9 Moreover, cork forests are a resource which supports local biodiversity, and prevent desertification in the regions …………..
  • stop = prevent

 

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