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Answers for “Land of the rising sun” With explanations

Question 1-5:

1. vii (para B, line 2-6: “from the seventh grade (age 13) to the ninth grade (age 15).
Virtually all pupils at this stage attend state schools: only 3 per cent are in the private
sector. Schools are usually modem in design, set well back from the road and spacious
inside. Classrooms are large 5 and pupils sit at single desks in rows”)

2. i (para C, line 5-8: “education authority, Monbusho, as part of the concept of free
compulsory education up to the age of 15. These textbooks are, on the whole, small,
presumably inexpensive to produce, but well set out and logically developed”)

3. v (para D, first 4 lines: “Lessons all follow the same pattern. At the beginning, the pupils
put solutions to the homework on the board, then the teachers comment, correct or
elaborate as necessary. Pupils mark their own homework: this is an important principle”)

4. ii (para E, line 3-9: “schooling from 6 to 15. Teachers say that they give individual help
at the end of a lesson or after school, setting extra work if necessary. In observed lessons,
any strugglers would be assisted by the teacher or quietly seek help from their neighbour.
Carefully fostered class identity makes pupils keen to help each other — anyway, it is in
their interests since the class progresses together.”)

5. viii (para F, line 4-6: “an important compulsory subject throughout schooling; and the
emphasis is on hard work coupled with a focus on accuracy”)

Question 6-9:
6. YES (para A, line 4-7: “the 1960s have established that not only did Japanese pupils at
age 13 have better scores of average attainment, but there was also a larger proportion of
„low‟ attainers in England, where, incidentally, the variation in attainment scores was
much greater”)

7. NO (para A, line 8-11: “much greater. The percentage of Gross National Product spent
on education is reasonably similar in the two countries, so how is this higher and more
consistent attainment in maths achieved?”)

8. NOT GIVEN

9. NO (para D, line 3-4: “teachers comment, correct or elaborate as necessary. Pupils mark
their own homework: this is an important principle”)

10. B (para C, line 6-8: “free compulsory education up to the age of 15. These textbooks are,
on the whole, small, presumably inexpensive to produce, but well set out and logically
developed”)

11. C (para D, line 9-11: “After the homework has been discussed, the teacher explains the
topic of the lesson, slowly and with a lot of repetition and elaboration”)

12. A (para E, line 13-16: “almost anything‟. Parents are kept closely informed of their
children’s progress and will play a part in helping their children to keep up with class,
sending them to ‘]uku‟ (private evening tuition) if extra help is needed and encouraging
them to work harder”)

13. C (para F, line 4-6: “an important compulsory subject throughout schooling; and the
emphasis is on hard work coupled with a focus on accuracy”)

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3 Comments

  1. for question 7, the answer in the passage is this part “The percentage of Gross National Product spent on education is reasonably similar in the two countries, so how is this higher and more consistent attainment in maths achieved?”, i would assume that if a question is asked after like “so how is this higher and more consistent attainment in maths achieved?”, this would mean that the first part of the sentence “The percentage of Gross National Product spent on education is reasonably similar in the two countries” is meant to mean that the comparison of the percentage of Gross National Product between the two countries would have given a general overview of the attainment in maths. please let me know why the answer for question 7 is not YES but NO.

    1. This is a viewpoint question where the writer is trying to establish his view that GNP spent is not related with the level of performance.
      The percentage of Gross National Product spent on education is reasonably similar (Both countries have similar input) so how is this higher(writer does not understand, this = GNP) and more consistent attainment in Maths achieved(level of attainment)?. Therefore, it is false to say that the percentage of GNP spent on education reflects the level of attainment.
      Hope this helps.

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