Answers of Museums of Fine Art and Their Public with Explanation

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Answer of Museums of fine art and their public with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 10, Reading Test 2: Passage 3 and is aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.

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Answer of Museums of fine art and their public with Explanation is divided into three parts for your ease of navigating answer, passage, and questions, all at the same time.

Answer of Museums of fine art and their public with Explanation

  1. You need not read the whole text in detail, just the part that is summarised, so scanning is the best skill.
  2. The answers are usually in the same order in the text as the order of the missing words.
  3. Take care of the word limit, e.g. NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS.
  4. When you’ve entered your answer, check the sentence to ensure that it is grammatically correct. Should the gap be filled with a verb, noun, adjective or adverb? If your answer makes the sentence grammatically wrong, then you have the wrong answer.
  5. Look for synonyms and paraphrases in the text rather than words that directly match.
  6. If it is the summary with answers, there will be more words in the list than there are gaps in the summary to fill so you won’t need them all.
  7. Cross the wrong answer through in pencil which does not fit the grammar
  8. If you’re struggling to find a specific missing word, take an educated guess and move on.
  • The answers appear in the same order in the text as the order of the statements
  • You don’t need to read the whole text. First, you will scan for keywords and then you’ll read in detail the section in which they’re located for the answer.
  • There will be at least one of each answer type – True, False, Not Given. So, if you don’t have at least one of each when you’ve completed the question, you’ve made a mistake.
  •  Identify any words that qualify the statement, for example, some, all, mainly, often, always and occasionally. These words are there to test if you have read the whole statement because they can change the meaning. For example, ‘Coca-Cola has always made its drinks in the U.S.A.’ has a different meaning from ‘Coca-Cola has mainly made its drinks in the U.S.A.’
  • The statements won’t be a word-for-word match to the information in the text. They will contain synonyms and paraphrasing. It’s the meaning that you are trying to match.
  • Remember that at least one answer will be NG. This means that you will be searching for information that is not there.
  • Don’t answer based on your assumptions
  • If you can’t find the information you are looking for, then it is probably ‘not given’. Don’t waste time looking for something that is not there.
  • If you have no idea what the answer is put ‘not given’. You probably have no idea because the answer is not there.
  • Don’t write yes for True, No for false.
Answer27 B
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: museums, novels
LocationLook in Para 2
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “This might be explained by the fact that the novel has evolved precisely because of technological developments that made it possible to printout huge numbers of texts, whereas oil paintings have always been produced as unique objects.”
– Here, to printout huge numbers of texts = mass production

This means people do not need to go to museums to read novel manuscripts because novels are now available as a huge production of printed documents.
Answer28 H
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: novels, most important
most important = mainly
LocationLook in Para 2
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “With novels, the reader attends mainly to the meaning of words rather than the way they are printed on the page.”

These lines clearly indicate that the reader finds the meaning of words most important.
underlying ideas=the meaning of words
Answer29 L
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: artists, instruct, copies
– copy=reproduction
LocationLook in Para 3
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “in the 16th century, artists seemed perfectly content to assign the reproduction of their creations to their workshop apprentices as regular ‘bread and butter’ work.”

Here, workshop apprentices = assistants
Answer30 G
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: excellent replication, colour, surface relief
–     replication=reproducing
LocationLook in Para 3
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “And  today  the  task  of  reproducing  pictures  is  incomparably  more  simple  and reliable, with reprographic techniques that allow the production of high-quality prints made exactly to the original scale, with faithful colour values,  and even  with  duplication of the surface relief of the painting.”

The lines mean that along with the surface relief features and faithful colour values, new methods allow the copies made exactly to the original scale or the original size.
Answer31 D
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: promote, original works, not in the interests of
–     the public=visitors
LocationLook in Para 5
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “Unfortunately, this seems to place severe limitations on the kind of experience offered to visitors.” and “museums still promote the special status of original work”

This may not be in the interests of visitors, or the public. Severe limitations on the kind of experience offered means may not be in the interests of visitors.
Answer32 C
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: London’s National Gallery  
LocationLook in Para 6
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “In addition, a major collection like that of London’s National Gallery is housed in numerous rooms, each with dozens of works, any one of which is likely to be worth more than all the average visitor possesses. In a society that judges the personal status of the individual so much by their material worth, it is therefore difficult not to be impressed by one’s own relative ‘worthlessness’ in such an environment.”

This  means  that  London’s  National Gallery  is  mentioned  to  illustrate  the  negative  effect  a  museum  can  have  on  visitors’  opinions  of themselves.
Answer33 D
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: unwilling, criticise a work
LocationLook in Para 7
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “…since  these  works  were  originally  produced,  they  have  been  assigned  a  huge monetary value  by some  person  or  institution  more  powerful  than  themselves”, 

Therefore, they are not willing to criticize a work because they feel that their reaction is useless.
Answer34 A
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: displacement effect, caused by
LocationLook in Para 8
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “The visitor may be struck by the strangeness of seeing such diverse paintings, drawings and sculptures brought together in an environment for which they were not originally created. This ‘displacement effect’ . is caused by the variety of works on display and the way they are arranged.  Such paintings were never intended to be displayed in that way.”

These lines describe what displacement effect is. It means the variety of works placed and arranged somewhere they are not created for.
Answer35 D
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: unlike other forms of art, a painting does not
– unlike=a fundamental difference
LocationLook in Para 9
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “ a picture has no clear place at which to start viewing, or at which to finish.”

This  means  that  a  painting  does  not  have  a  specific beginning or end.

Answer36 Not Given
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: art history, meaning of art, media
LocationLook in Para 10
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “Consequently, the dominant critical approach becomes that of the art historian, a specialised academic approach devoted to ‘discovering the meaning’ of art within the cultural context of its time”.

Whether art history should focus  on  discovering  the  meaning  of  art  using  a  range  of  media  is  not  mentioned.
Answer37 No
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: art historians, conflicts, art museums.
LocationLook in Para 10
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “This is in perfect harmony with the museum’s function, since . . . .. . . .”

This means that there are  absolutely no conflicts between the approach of art historians and that of art museums.
Answer38 Yes
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: encouraged, give, opinions openly
LocationLook in Para 10
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “The museum public, like any other audience, experience art more rewarding when given the confidence to express their views.”

Here, This=the approach of art historians.

This means that there are  absolutely no conflicts between the approach of art historians and that of art museums.
Answer39 Not Given
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: reproductions, should only be sold, high quality
LocationLook in Para Last
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “If appropriate works of fine art could be rendered permanently accessible to the public by means of high-fidelity reproductions, as literature and music already are, the public may feel somewhat less in awe of them.”  

There is no information about selling fine art reproductions to the public.
Answer40 No
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: future, power, encourage, enjoy art
LocationLook in Para last
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “Unfortunately, that may be too much to ask from those who seek to maintain and control the art establishment.”

Here, those with power means those who seek to maintain and control.

The line means it is a very unfortunate matter that it is not a very good idea (too much to ask) to ask people with power to establish and maintain museums to encourage people to enjoy art.

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