Answers for “Saving the soil” with explanation
|14. Minerals||bacteria and microorganism||Paragraph 2, last sentence||
|15. Carbon||antibiotics||Paragraph 3, line 3||… Soil is also an ally against climate change: as microorganisms within soil digest dead animals and plants, they lock in their carbon content, holding three times the amount of carbon as does the entire atmosphere.|
|16. water||prevent, damage||Paragraph 3, line 5||Soils also store water, preventing flood damage: in the UK, damage to buildings, roads and bridges from floods caused by soil degradation costs £233 million every year.|
|17. agriculture||soil degradation||Paragraph 5, line 1||Agriculture is by far the biggest problem …. Humans tend not to return unused parts of harvested crops directly to the soil to enrich it, meaning that the soil gradually becomes less fertile.
|18. C||unused, harvested||Paragraph 5, line 3||Humans tend not to return unused parts of harvested crops directly to the soil to enrich it, meaning that the soil gradually becomes less fertile.|
|19. E||synthetic, haber-bosch||Paragraph 6, line 3 and p7 line 4||…Chemical fertilisers can release polluting …………. that indiscriminate use of fertilisers hurts the soil itself….
|20. A||Pius Floris||Paragraph 8, line 1, 7||When they applied Floris’s mix to the desert-like test plots, a good crop of plants emerged that were not just healthy at the surface, but had roots strong enough to pierce dirt as hard as rock.
|21. D||zero net soil degradation||Paragraph 10, line 5||We need ways of presenting the problem that bring it home to governments and the wider public […..] Chasek and her colleagues have proposed a goal of ‘zero net land degradation|
|22. E||person, soil improvement project||Paragraph E, line 1||One of the people looking for a solution to this problem is Pius Floris, who started out running a tree-care business in the Netherlands, and now advises some of the world’s top soil scientists.
|23. C||development of farming||Paragraph C, line 5||In the wild, when plants grow they remove nutrients from the soil, but then when the plants die and decay these nutrients are returned directly to the soil. Human tend to …. soil gradually becomes less fertilized|
|24. F||collecting information||Paragraph F, line 6||Researchers from nine countries are working together to create a map linked to a database that can be fed measurements from field surveys, drone surveys, satellite imagery, lab analyses and so on to provide real-time data on the state of the soil|
|25. G||suggested||Paragraph G, line 5||Chasek and her colleagues have proposed a goal of ‘zero net land degradation….
|26. F||soil degradation||Paragraph F, line 2||To assess our options on a global scale we first need an accurate picture of what types of soil are out there, and the problems they face. That’s not easy. For one thing, there is no agreed international system for classifying soil|