Answers for “Saving the soil” with explanation

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Answers for “Saving the soil” with explanation

Answer Keywords Location Explanation
14. Minerals  bacteria and microorganism  Paragraph 2, last sentence
  • A single gram of healthy soil might contain 100 million bacteria, as well as other microorganisms such as viruses and fungi, living amid decomposing plants and various minerals.
 15. Carbon  antibiotics Paragraph 3, line 3 … Soil is also an ally against climate change: as microorganisms within soil digest dead animals and plants, they lock in their carbon content, holding three times the amount of carbon as does the entire atmosphere.
 16. water  prevent, damage Paragraph 3, line 5 Soils also store water, preventing flood damage: in the UK, damage to buildings, roads and bridges from floods caused by soil degradation costs £233 million every year.
 17. agriculture  soil degradation Paragraph 5, line 1 Agriculture is by far the biggest problem …. Humans tend not to return unused parts of harvested crops directly to the soil to enrich it, meaning that the soil gradually becomes less fertile.
  • The biggest problem = the main factor
  • Soil degradation = soil gradually becomes less fertile
 18. C  unused, harvested Paragraph 5, line 3 Humans tend not to return unused parts of harvested crops directly to the soil to enrich it, meaning that the soil gradually becomes less fertile.
 19. E  synthetic, haber-bosch Paragraph 6, line 3 and p7 line 4 …Chemical fertilisers can release polluting …………. that indiscriminate use of fertilisers hurts the soil itself….
  • hurts the soil itself= cause damage to soil
 20. A Pius Floris Paragraph 8, line 1, 7 When they applied Floris’s mix to the desert-like test plots, a good crop of plants emerged that were not just healthy at the surface, but had roots strong enough to pierce dirt as hard as rock.
  • a good crop of plants emerged= number
  • healthy , roots strong= quality
 21. D zero net soil degradation Paragraph 10, line 5 We need ways of presenting the problem that bring it home to governments and the wider public […..] Chasek and her colleagues have proposed a goal of ‘zero net land degradation
 22. E  person, soil improvement project Paragraph E, line 1 One of the people looking for a solution to this problem is Pius Floris, who started out running a tree-care business in the Netherlands, and now advises some of the world’s top soil scientists.

 

 23. C  development of farming Paragraph  C, line 5 In the wild, when plants grow they remove nutrients from the soil, but then when the plants die and decay these nutrients are returned directly to the soil. Human tend to …. soil gradually becomes less fertilized
 24. F  collecting information Paragraph  F, line 6 Researchers from nine countries are working together to create a map linked to a database that can be fed measurements from field surveys, drone surveys, satellite imagery, lab analyses and so on to provide real-time data on the state of the soil
 25. G  suggested Paragraph G, line 5 Chasek and her colleagues have proposed a goal of ‘zero net land degradation….
  •  suggested= proposed
 26. F  soil degradation Paragraph  F, line 2 To assess our options on a global scale we first need an accurate picture of what types of soil are out there, and the problems they face. That’s not easy. For one thing, there is no agreed international system for classifying soil

 

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