Answers for “The benefits of being bilingual” with explanation

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Answers for “The benefits of being bilingual” with explanation

Answers Keywords Location Explanation
27. eye movements Russian – English bilingual people paragraph B line 10 Some of the most compelling ……………….comes from studying eye movements.  Russian-English bilingual……….
28. language co-activation Bilingual people engage both languages simultaneously  paragraph B, line 6 and 7, some of the most compelling ……………….called language co-activation. In cases like this , language co-activation ………….map onto words in either language.
  • map onto words in either language.= Bilingual people engage both languages simultaneously
29. Stroop Task test, called, naming colours paragraph C, line 6 and 7 In the classical Stroop Task people…………..asked to name the colour of the word’s font.
  • asked to name the colour= naming color
30. conflict management more able to handle paragraph C, line 6 and 7 …. .. .. bilingual people often perform better on tasks that require conflict management.

This means that bilingual people are better (more able) to perform (handle) those tasks which require (involving) a special skill and that is conflict management.

31. cognitive control changing strategies, have superior paragraph C, last sentence ……..reflecting better cognitive control when having to make rapid changes of strategy.
  • reflecting better= have superior
32. YES attitudes, have changed, recent years paragraph A, line 2 and 6, In the past, such children were considered  disadvantage….. . .. .) ………………… advancement in technology have helped to show that children who speak in two or more languages identifying  several clear benefits (last line). This means that the attitudes have changed.
33. NOT GIVEN     Paragraph B talks about the use of words while paragraph C talks about guessing words. But none of them shows any comparison on who is better in guessing correctly a word. There is no clear indication about the statement in the question 33.
34. NO consistently, name images, faster paragraph C line, 2 and 3 For instance, knowing more than one language can cause speakers to name pictures more slowly.
  • Slowly= not faster
35. NO brains process single sounds, paragraph D When monolingual and bilingual adolescents listen to simple speech sounds without any intervening background noise, they show highly similar brain stem responses.
  • Hence not in all but only when background noise is present.
36. NOT GIVEN Fewer, suffer, brain disease, old age   Paragraph F is the only place where the writer mentions the old age in terms of issues related to brain disease. But nowhere in the paragraph has the writer said anything about a comparison on who suffer from brain disease more- bilingual or monolingual.
37. D example, brains, respond, differently, paragraph D, line 4 When researchers play the same sound to both groups……….pitch perception.
  • nonverbal auditory input= background noise
38. G demonstration, a bilingual upbringing, before we learn to speak paragraph G, line 1 to 3 Furthermore, the benefits associated with bilingual …………….
39. B description, process, identify words that they hear Paragraph B, lines 2 and 3 When we hear a word, we don’t hear the entire word all at once: the sounds arrive in sequential order.
  • Word recognition = identify words
40. C negative consequences, being bilingual paragraph C, line 2 and 3 For instance, knowing more than one language can cause speakers to name pictures more slowly.
  • negative = can cause speakers to name pictures more slowly.


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