Answers of The Context, Meaning and Scope of Tourism with explanations

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Answer of The Context, Meaning and Scope of Tourism with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 10, Reading Test 3: Passage 1 and is aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.

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Answer of The Context, Meaning and Scope of Tourism with Explanation is divided into three parts for your ease of navigating answer, passage, and questions, all at the same time.

Answer of The Context, Meaning and Scope of Tourism with Explanation

  • The answers will not come in the same order in the text as the order of the list of statements.
  • You may not need to read all paragraphs, first see the question which states the paragraphs you need to find headings for
  • The answer, sometimes, will not necessarily be in the main idea of a paragraph
  • Do this question first.
  • Expect lots of synonyms.
  • You can narrow down the match of statement and paragraph by a process of elimination. For any specific statement, there will be options that are clearly not a match.
  • Take more time than other questions to complete.
  • There are more headings than paragraphs.
  • Headings that only include specific details rather than the main idea may mislead you
  • Do not try to match the heading with the same words that are in the paragraph.
  • The first sentence is not always enough to find a perfect heading.
  • Pay attention to the headings that are similar to one another.
  • Skim the paragraph to get a general idea.
  • You should either use numerals (i.e., i or v) or letters (i.e., a, b, c) when listing the headings
  • Read all the headings before picking anyone.
  • The answers appear in the same order in the text as the order of the statements
  • You don’t need to read the whole text. First, you will scan for keywords and then you’ll read in detail the section in which they’re located for the answer.
  • There will be at least one of each answer type – True, False, Not Given. So, if you don’t have at least one of each when you’ve completed the question, you’ve made a mistake.
  •  Identify any words that qualify the statement, for example, some, all, mainly, often, always and occasionally. These words are there to test if you have read the whole statement because they can change the meaning. For example, ‘Coca-Cola has always made its drinks in the U.S.A.’ has a different meaning from ‘Coca-Cola has mainly made its drinks in the U.S.A.’
  • The statements won’t be a word-for-word match to the information in the text. They will contain synonyms and paraphrasing. It’s the meaning that you are trying to match.
  • Remember that at least one answer will be NG. This means that you will be searching for information that is not there.
  • Don’t answer based on your assumptions
  • If you can’t find the information you are looking for, then it is probably ‘not given’. Don’t waste time looking for something that is not there.
  • If you have no idea what the answer is put ‘not given’. You probably have no idea because the answer is not there.
  • Don’t write yes for True, No for false.
Answer1. ii
Keywords
LocationLook in Para B
ExplanationIn  this  paragraph,  the  history  of  the  development  of  the  industry    began  during  the  industrial revolution  with  “the  advent  of  mass  tourism…  in  England”.

The  author  then  indicates  that  the creation of the commercial airline industry and the development of the jet aircraft signalled the rapid growth of international travel, which led to “the development of a major new industry: tourism”.

So, the main idea of paragraph B is how mass tourism  developed.
Answer2. i
Keywords
LocationLook in Para C
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “Tourism today has grown significantly in both economic and social importance.”
Answer3. v
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities:
LocationLook in Para D
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “However, the major problems of the travel and tourism industry that have hidden, or obscured, its economic impact are the diversity and fragmentation of the industry itself “.

It means it has become difficult to recognise (hidden/obscured) the economic impacts of tourism.
Answer4. vii
Keywords
LocationLook in Line 3-5
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “…suggests that tourism has become the largest commodity in international trade for many nations and, for a significant number of other countries, it ranks second or third.”

Then, he shows some examples. So, the lines show the impact of tourism worldwide.
Answer5. True
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: largest figures, employment, tourism.
LocationLook in Para C
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “The travel and tourism industry is  the world’s  largest employer with  almost  130 million jobs,  or almost  7 per cent  of all  employees.”
Answer6. Not Given
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: tourism, 6 per cent, Australian gross national product.
Location
ExplanationThe  word  ‘Australia’  does  not  appear  in  the  passage.  So,  the statement is NOT GIVEN.
Answer7. Not Given
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: social impact, recreation
LocationLook in Para C
ExplanationWe can find the keyword in  this  paragraph, however, whether tourism has a social impact because it promotes recreation or not is not specified.
Answer8. True
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: two features, economic significance, difficult.
– economic significance=economic impact
–  hide/obscure=make…difficult to ascertain
LocationLook in Para D
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “The  major  problems  of  the  travel  and tourism   industry   that   have   hidden,   or   obscured,   its   economic   impact   are   the   diversity   and fragmentation of the industry  itself”.

So, two features of the travel and tourism industry which are the diversity and fragmentation have hidden its economic impact. The statement is TRUE.
Answer9. Not Given
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: visitor spending, greater, resident spending.
LocationLook in Para D, line 7
ExplanationThere is no specific information about either visitor spending or resident spending in the text. So, the statement is NOT GIVEN
Answer10. False
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: easy, statistically, affect economies.
–     show statistically=provide precise, valid or reliable data
LocationLook in Para E
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “However,  because  of  problems  of  definition,  which  directly  affect statistical  measurement,  it  is  not  possible  with  any degree  of  certainty  to  provide  precise,  valid  or reliable  data  about  the  extent  of  world-wide  tourism  participation  or  its  economic  impact.” 

This means that it is not easy to show statistically  how  tourism  affects  individual  economies  because of problems of definition. So, the statement is FALSE.
Answer11. Source of income
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: Greece, most important
– most important= major
LocationLook in Para E, line 5
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “For example, tourism is the major source of income in Bermuda, Greece, Italy, Spain, Switzerland and most Caribbean countries.”
Answer12 employer
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: Jamaica, the major.
major= number one
LocationLook in Para E, line 8
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “..suggest that the travel and tourism industry is the number one ranked employer in the Bahamas, Brazil, Canada, France, (the former) West Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States.”
Answer13. domestic tourism
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: measuring international tourism, often reflected, measurement,
– reflected = similar
LocationLook in Para E
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “However, because of problems of definition, which directly affect statistical measurement, it is not possible with any degree of certainty to provide precise, valid or reliable data about the extent of world-wide tourism participation or its economic impact. In many cases, similar difficulties arise when attempts are made to measure domestic tourism.”

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