Answers for “The life and work of Marie Curie” with explanations

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Question 1-6:

1. FALSE (para 1, last 5 lines: ―Prize. With her husband, Pierre Curie, and Henri Becquerel,
she was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics, and was then sole winner of the 1911
Nobel Prize for Chemistry. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize.‖)


3. TRUE (para 2, last 3 lines: ―bad investment, she then had to take work as a teacher. From
her earnings she was able to finance her sister Bronia’s medical studies in Paris, on the
understanding that Bronia would, in turn, later help her to get an education
Para 3, first 2 lines: ―In 1891 this promise was fulfilled and Marie went to Paris
and began to study at the Sorbonne (the University of Paris). She often worked far into
the night and lived on little more‖)

4. FALSE (para 6, first 2 lines: ―The births of Marie’s two daughters, Irene and Eve, in 1897
and 1904 failed to interrupt her scientific work. She was appointed lecturer in physics at
the École Normale Supérieure for‖)

5. TRUE (para 7, line 3-4: ―the scientific work that they had undertaken. On May 13, 1906,
she was appointed to the professorship that had been left vacant on her husband’s death,
becoming the first woman to‖)


Question 7-13:
7. Thorium (para 4, last 2 lines: ―Marie later called ‗radioactivity‘, Marie Curie decided to
find out if the radioactivity discovered in uranium was to be found in other elements. She
discovered that this was true for thorium‖)

8. Pitchblende (para 5, the first line: ―Turning her attention to minerals, she found her
interest drawn to pitchblende, a mineral‖)

9. Radium (para 7, last 2 lines: ―teach at the Sorbonne. In 1911 she was awarded the Nobel
Prize for Chemistry for the isolation of a pure form of radium‖)

10. Soldiers (para 8, first 3 lines: ―During World War I, Marie Curie, with the help of her
daughter Irene, devoted herself to the development of the use of X-radiography, including
the mobile units which came to be known as ‗Little Curies’, used for the treatment of
wounded soldiers. In 1918 the Radium Institute‖)

11. Illness (para8, last 3 lines: ―physics and chemistry. Marie Curie, now at the highest point
of her fame and, from 1922, a member of the Academy of Medicine, researched the
chemistry of radioactive substances and their medical applications‖)

12. Neutron (para 10, line 3-6: ―abundant supply for research. The existence in Paris at the
Radium Institute of a stock of 1.5 grams of radium made a decisive contribution to the
success of the experiments undertaken in the years around 1930. This work prepared the
way for the discovery of the neutron by Sir James Chadwick and, above all, for the
discovery in 1934 by Irene and Frederic Joliot‖)

13. Leukaemia (para 10, last 3 lines: ―Curie of artificial radioactivity. A few months after this
discovery, Marie Curie died as a result of leukaemia caused by exposure to radiation. She
had often carried test tubes containing radioactive isotopes in her pocket, remarking on
the pretty blue-green light they gave off‖)

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