Answers for “The little ice age” with explanation

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Question 14-17:

14. ii (para B, line 5-7: ―pack ice surrounded Iceland for much of the year. The climatic
events of the Little lce Age did more than help shape the modern world. They are the
deeply important context for the current unprecedented global warming‖)

15. vii (para D, first 3 lines: ―This book is a narrative history of climatic shifts during the past
ten centuries, and some of the ways in which people in Europe adapted to them‖)

16. ix (para E, last 3 lines: ―The increased productivity from farmland made some countries
self-sufficient in grain and livestock and offered effective protection against famine.‖)

17. iv (para F, line 8-11: ―methods expanded across the world. The unprecedented land
clearance released vast quantities of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, triggering for
the first time humanly caused global warming‖)

Question 18-22:

18. C – tree rings

19. B – ice cores
(para C, line 4-6: ―India and tropical Africa are even more recent. For the time before
records began, we have only ‗proxy records‗ reconstructed largely from tree rings and
ice cores, supplemented by a few‖)

20. A – climatic shifts (para D, first line: ―This book is a narrative history of climatic shifts
during the‖)

21. H – storms

22. G – heat waves
(para B, last 4 lines: ―cycles of intensely cold winters and easterly winds, then switched
abruptly to years of heavy spring and early summer rains, mild winters, and frequent Atlantic storms, or to periods of droughts, light northeasterly winds, and summer heat
waves‖)

Question 23-26:

23. C (para F, line 2-3: ―beginning of the Modern Warm Period. There was a vast migration
from Europe by land-hungry farmers and others, to which the‖)

24. C (para F, line 5-7: ―America, Australia, New Zealand, and southern Africa. Millions of
hectares of forest and woodland fell before the newcomers‘ axes between 1850 and 1890,
as intensive European farming‖)

25. A (para D, line 4-6: ―Period, roughly 900 to 1200. During these three centuries. Norse
voyagers from Northern Europe explored northern seas, settled Greenland, and visited
North America‖)

26. B (para E, line 13-14: ―the staples of the European fish trade, but changes in water
temperatures forced fishing fleets to work further offshore‖)

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