Answers of The Megafires of California with Explanation

Just Leave your name and email here, we will send all IELTS update to you. No spam and adverts, that's a promise.

Answer of The Megafires of California with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 10, Reading Test 4: Passage 1 and is aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.

Download Link 1

Download Link 1

Answer of The Megafires of California with Explanation is divided into three parts for your ease of navigating answer, passage, and questions, all at the same time.

Answer of The Megafires of California with Explanation

  • The answers appear in the same order in the text as the order of the statements
  • You don’t need to read the whole text. First, you will scan for keywords and then you’ll read in detail the section in which they’re located for the answer.
  • There will be at least one of each answer type – True, False, Not Given. So, if you don’t have at least one of each when you’ve completed the question, you’ve made a mistake.
  •  Identify any words that qualify the statement, for example, some, all, mainly, often, always and occasionally. These words are there to test if you have read the whole statement because they can change the meaning. For example, ‘Coca-Cola has always made its drinks in the U.S.A.’ has a different meaning from ‘Coca-Cola has mainly made its drinks in the U.S.A.’
  • The statements won’t be a word-for-word match to the information in the text. They will contain synonyms and paraphrasing. It’s the meaning that you are trying to match.
  • Remember that at least one answer will be NG. This means that you will be searching for information that is not there.
  • Don’t answer based on your assumptions
  • If you can’t find the information you are looking for, then it is probably ‘not given’. Don’t waste time looking for something that is not there.
  • If you have no idea what the answer is put ‘not given’. You probably have no idea because the answer is not there.
  • Don’t write yes for True, No for false.
Answer1. Spraed
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: movement, more unpredictably 
–     unpredictably=erratically
LocationLook in Para 1
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “The wildfires themselves, experts say, are generally hotter, faster, and spread more erratically than in the past.”
Answer2. 10 times
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: size of fire, greater, than two decades ago
–     2 decades= 20 years
LocationLook in Para 2
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “Megafires, also  called ‘siege fires’ are the increasingly frequent blazes that burn 50,000 acres or more – 10 times the size of the average forest fire of 20 years ago.
Answer3. below
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: rainfall, average
–     rainfall=precipitation
–     average=normal
LocationLook in Para Line
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “One explanation for the trend to more superhot fires is that the region, which usually has dry summers, has had significantly below normal precipitation in many recent years.”
Answer4. fuel
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: more brush, act as
LocationLook in Para 3, line 9
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “The unintentional consequence has been to halt the natural eradication of underbrushnow the primary fuel for megafires.” These lines mean that previously US Forest Service had a policy to cut down (eradication) the underbrush regularly because it was the main reason (primary fuel) for forest fires. But now the service is at halt (stop). So, more underbrush is growing more and more and it is acting as the fuel for megafires.
So, the answer is: fuel                        
Answer5. seasons
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: extended fire
–     extended=longer
LocationLook in Para 4
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “Second is fire seasons that on average are 78 days longer than they were 20 years ago.”
Answer6. homes
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: more building, vulnerable places
–     more=increased
–     building=construction
LocationLook in Para 4
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “Third is increased construction of homes in wooded areas.”
As we know, wood is vulnerable/ risky for catching fire, here wooded areas means vulnerable places.
Answer7. True
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: California, diminished, 10 years.
LocationLook in Para 6
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “In California, where population growth has averaged more than 600,000 a year for at least a decade, more residential housing is being built. What once was open space is now residential homes providing fuels to make fires. .. . .”

This  means  that  the  open  space  in  California  has  diminished  over  the  last  ten years because there have been more residential homes.
Answer8. False
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities:
LocationLook in Para 7
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “That said, many experts give California high marks for making progress on preparedness in recent years,   after   some   of   the   largest fires in state history scorched  thousands  of  acres,  burned  thousands of  homes,  and killed numerous people.”

This means that  many  experts  appreciate  California ‘s  making  progress  on  preparedness  in  recent  years. The people involved are now fighting fires “better than previously.
Answer9. True
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: personnel, criticised, mishandling, containment
–     mishandling=bungling
LocationLook in Para 7
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “Stung in the past by criticism of bungling that allowed fires to spread when they might have been contained, personnel are meeting the peculiar challenges of neighborhood – and canyon – hoping fires better than previously, observers say.”

So, it is true that personnel in the past have been criticised for mishandling fire containment.
Answer10. True
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: replaced, firefighting tools.
–     replaced=upgrade
–     tools=facilities
LocationLook in Para 9
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “Besides  providing  money  to  upgrade  the  fire  engines  that  must  traverse  the mammoth state and wind along serpentine canyon roads, the state has invested .. .. .”

This means that California has replaced a range of firefighting tools.
Answer11. Not Given
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: firefighters, hired, improve, fire-fighting
Location
ExplanationThere is no mention of whether more firefighters have been hired to improve fire-fighting capacity.
Answer12 False
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: agencies, government, disapprove, working together.
–     agencies=jurisdictions
–     citizens=residents
–     working together=coordination
LocationLook in Para 9
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “There is a sense among both government and residents that the speed, dedication, and coordination of firefighters from several states and jurisdictions are resulting in greater efficiency than in past ‘siege fire’ situations.”

This  means that  both  citizens  and  government  groups  appreciate  the  efforts  of  different  states  and  agencies working together.
Answer13. False
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: Randy Jacobs, loss of life, same levels,
LocationLook in Para last
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “Notwithstanding  all  the  damage  that  will continue  to  be  caused  by  wildfires,  we  will  no  longer  suffer  the  loss  of  life  endured  in  the  past because of the fire prevention and firefighting measures that have been put in place”.

This means that, thank’s to the fire prevention and firefighting measures, we will no longer suffer the loss of life from fires like we did in the past. 

Leave a Comment

close

Ad Blocker Detected!

Please disable the ad blocker for this website. >>open Chrome.>>>Go to easy-ielts.com>>>To the left of the web address, click Lock or Info .>>>To the right of "Ads," click the Arrows . >>>Choose Always allow on this site.>>>Reload the webpage.

Refresh