Answer of The psychology of innovation with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 10, Reading Test 1: Passage 3 and is aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.
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Answer of The psychology of innovation with Explanation
- Read the questions before you read the options
- The answers will be in the same order as the text
- Eliminating the 50% of the option should not be hard and for the rest 50% use qualifiers and distractors to match the answer E.g. Everyone who ate the prawn sandwiches at the party was ill. Most people who ate the prawn sandwiches at the party were ill.
- The skills that you use in MCQ are skimming scanning and reading for details.
- If you know nothing about the topic, don’t panic. It is a reading test, not a test of your knowledge.
- Before deciding on your answer, always go back and carefully read the questions before making your final decision.
- You might be asked about both facts and opinions. Facts are things that are always true or cannot be disproved but opinions are just what people think.
- In case, you don’t find the answer just make an educated guess. You don’t lose score for your wrong answer.
|27. c||million-dollar quartet||Para 3, line 7||In paragraph 3, the author indicates that while four people in the picture “million-dollar quartet” who are Presley, Cash, Perkins and Lewis understood and believed in Phillips’s ambition of revolutionising popular music, Roy Orbision who was not in the picture wasn’t inspired by this goal. |
Therefore, the example of the picture emphasizes the author’s point about “having a shared objective”
|28 a||discover the DNA code||Para 6||Now read this line “he (James Watson) and Crick had succeeded because they were aware that they weren‟t the most intelligent of the scientists pursuing the answer. The smartest scientist was called Rosalind Franklin who was so intelligent she rarely sought advice.” |
This means that unlike Franklin who was too intelligent to need the help of others , James Watson and Crick knew they had limitations; therefore, they cooperated with each other and successfully discovered the DNA code.
|29 d||competitions, cereal packets||Para 8||Now read “even something as simple as writing deepens (strengthen=deepen) every individual’s engagement in the project”. |
Then, again “competitions on breakfast cereal packets” as an example to support this finding.
So, the example is mentioned to deepen every individual’s commitment to an idea.
|30 b||important for employees to||Last para, line 4||Now read this line ,”Cialdini says: ‘Leaders should encourage everyone to contribute and simultaneously assure all concerned that every recommendation is important to making the right decision and will be given full attention.”|
This means that company owners or employers should provide a view to their employees that they (employees) are also a big part of the company and their suggestions are valued.
|31 g||values, match, more likely to,||Para 2, line 5||Now read this line ,”Research shows that the fit between an employee’s values and a company’s values makes difference to what contribution they make and whether they’re still at the company”.|
This clearly suggests that the matching or fitting of value has an influence on whether employees stay in their present jobs or not.
|32 e||time of change||Para 4, line 4||Read this, “when things change, we are hard-wired to play it safe.”|
This line suggests that when there are changes we or people try our best to play safe or avoid risks.
|33 a||aware, might lose, will often||Para 4||Read this line, “studies show that we invariably take more gambles when threatened with a loss than when offered a reward”.|
This means that when people are threatened with a loss or damage, people will take gambles or chances.
|34 f||dominant boss, liable to||Para 9||Now read this line, “crew members of multi pilot aircraft exhibit a sometimes deadly passivity when the flight captain makes a clearly wrong-headed decision. This behavior is not unique to air travel, but can happen in any workplace where the leader is overbearing.” |
This means that people working under an overbearing boss tend to be more passive. Passive means ignore duties
|35 b||employees, with few rules||Para 10||Now read these lines, “where the only rule was that there were no rules….. encouraged a free interchange of ideas”|
This means that employees who work in organisations with few rules are more likely to interchange/ share their ideas.
|36 no||surroundings, determining creativity||para 1, line 3||Now read this line, “There are, nevertheless, people working in luxurious, state-of-the-art centres designed to stimulate innovation who find that their environment doesn’t make them feel at all creative. And there are those who don’t have a budget, or much space, but who innovate successfully.”|
This means that the working environment or physical surroundings of the workplace does not affect the employees’ creativity.
|37 yes||potential, creative,||para 2, line 11||Now read this line, “although some individuals may be more creative than others, almost every individual can be creative in the right circumstances.”|
Here, most people means almost every individual
and have the potential means can.
|38 not given||work best, intelligence||Para 7||No mention of whether teamwork gives the best work result when team members are equally intelligent.|
|39 not given||easier, smaller companies, innovative||Para 5, line 2||Now read this line “It’s easy for a company to be pulled in conflicting directions as the marketing, product development, and finance departments each get different feedback from different sets of people.” |
Whether it is easier for smaller companies to be innovative or not is NOT GIVEN.
|40 no||manager’s approval, more persuasive||Para 7, line 8||Now read this line, “Research shows that peer power, used horizontally not vertically, is much more powerful than any boss’s speech.”|
It means a colleague or peer’s speech is more persuasive or powerful than a boss.