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Answers of The psychology of innovation with Explanations

Answer of The psychology of innovation with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 10, Reading Test 1: Passage 3 and is aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.

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Answer of The psychology of innovation with Explanation is divided into three parts for your ease of navigating answer, passage, and questions, all at the same time.

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Answer of The psychology of innovation with Explanation

  • Read the questions before you read the options
  • The answers will be in the same order as the text
  • Eliminating the 50% of the option should not be hard and for the rest 50% use qualifiers and distractors to match the answer E.g. Everyone who ate the prawn sandwiches at the party was ill. Most people who ate the prawn sandwiches at the party were ill.
  • The skills that you use in MCQ are skimming scanning and reading for details.
  • If you know nothing about the topic, don’t panic. It is a reading test, not a test of your knowledge.
  • Before deciding on your answer, always go back and carefully read the questions before making your final decision.
  • You might be asked about both facts and opinions. Facts are things that are always true or cannot be disproved but opinions are just what people think.
  • In case, you don’t find the answer just make an educated guess. You don’t lose score for your wrong answer.
27. cmillion-dollar quartetPara 3, line 7In paragraph 3, the author indicates that while four people in the picture “million-dollar quartet” who  are  Presley,  Cash,  Perkins  and  Lewis  understood  and  believed  in  Phillips’s  ambition  of revolutionising popular music, Roy Orbision who was not in the picture wasn’t inspired by this goal. 

Therefore, the example of the picture emphasizes the author’s point about “having a shared objective”
28 adiscover the DNA codePara 6Now read this line  “he (James Watson) and Crick had succeeded because they were aware that they weren‟t the most intelligent of the scientists pursuing the answer. The smartest scientist was called  Rosalind  Franklin  who  was  so  intelligent  she  rarely  sought  advice.” 

This  means  that  unlike Franklin who was too intelligent to need the help of others , James Watson and Crick knew they had limitations; therefore, they cooperated with each other and successfully discovered the DNA code.
29 dcompetitions, cereal packetsPara 8Now read “even something as simple as writing deepens (strengthen=deepen) every individual’s engagement in the  project”. 
Then,  again “competitions  on  breakfast  cereal  packets”  as  an  example  to support  this  finding. 

So,  the  example  is  mentioned  to  deepen  every  individual’s  commitment  to an idea.
30 bimportant for employees to Last para, line 4Now read this line ,”Cialdini says: ‘Leaders should encourage  everyone  to  contribute  and  simultaneously assure all concerned that every recommendation is important to making the right decision and will be given full attention.”

This means that company owners or employers should provide a view to their employees that they (employees) are also a big part of the company and their suggestions are valued.
31 gvalues, match, more likely to,Para 2, line 5Now read this line ,”Research shows that the fit between an employee’s values and a company’s values makes difference to what contribution they make and whether they’re still at the company”.

This clearly suggests that the matching or fitting of value has an influence on whether employees stay in their present jobs or not.
32 etime of changePara 4, line 4Read this, “when things change, we are hard-wired to play it safe.”

This line suggests that when there are changes we or people try our best to play safe or avoid risks.
33 aaware, might lose, will oftenPara 4Read this line, “studies show that we invariably take more gambles when threatened with a loss than when offered a reward”.

This means that when people are threatened with a loss or damage, people will take gambles or chances.
34 fdominant boss, liable toPara 9Now read this line, “crew  members  of  multi pilot  aircraft  exhibit  a  sometimes  deadly passivity when the flight captain makes a clearly wrong-headed decision. This behavior is not unique to  air  travel,  but  can  happen  in  any  workplace  where  the  leader  is  overbearing.” 

This  means  that people working under an overbearing boss tend to be more passive. Passive means ignore duties
35 bemployees, with few rulesPara 10Now read these lines, “where the only rule was that there were no  rules….. encouraged a free interchange of ideas”

This means that employees who work in organisations with few rules are more likely to interchange/ share their ideas.
36 nosurroundings, determining creativitypara 1, line 3Now read this line, “There are, nevertheless, people working in luxurious, state-of-the-art centres designed to stimulate innovation who find that their environment doesn’t make them feel at all creative. And there are those who don’t have a budget, or much space, but who innovate successfully.”

This means that the working environment or physical surroundings of the workplace does not affect the employees’ creativity.
37 yespotential, creative,para 2, line 11Now read this line, “although some individuals may be more creative than others, almost every individual can be creative in the right circumstances.”

Here, most people means almost every individual
and have the potential means can.
38 not givenwork best, intelligencePara 7No mention of whether teamwork gives the best work result when team members are equally intelligent.
39 not giveneasier, smaller companies, innovativePara 5, line 2Now read this line “It’s easy for a company to be pulled in conflicting directions as the marketing, product development, and finance departments each get different feedback from different sets of people.”

Whether it is easier for smaller companies to be innovative or not is NOT GIVEN.
40 nomanager’s approval, more persuasivePara 7, line 8Now read this line, “Research shows that peer power, used horizontally not vertically, is much more powerful than any boss’s speech.”

It means a colleague or peer’s speech is more persuasive or powerful than a boss.

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