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Answers for “What’s so funny” with explanations

Answers for “What’s so funny” with explanations

Answers for “Bakelite” with explanations

Answers for “The birth of scientific English” with explanations.

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Cambridge Book 5 Test 2 Passage 2

What’s so funny

14. FALSEArthur Koestler, biologically, importantParagraph 1; last lineThe writer Arthur Koestler dubbed it the luxury reflex: „unique in that it serves no apparent biological purpose. “no apparent biological purpose=not biologically important”
15. Not GivenPlato,above-average, intelligenceparagraph 2Plato expressed the idea that humor is simply a delighted feeling of superiority over others. “feeling of superiority over other is given but whether it is the superiority of intelligence is not mentioned”
16. TrueKant, release, nervous energyparagraph 2, line 3“Kant and Freud felt that joke-telling relies on building up apsychic tension which is safely punctured by the ludicrousness of the punchline”. +release = punctured + nervous energy = psychic tension
17. Falseignored, Aristotleparagraph 2; line 4But most modern humour theorists have settled on some version of Aristotle’s belief that jokes are based on a reaction to or resolution of incongruity, when the punchline is either a nonsense or, though appearing silly, has a clever second meaning. “settled some version of Aristotle’s belief= not ignored Aristotle’s view on the subject”
18. TrueGraeme Ritchie, artificial intelligenceparagraph 3; 1st sentenceGraeme Ritchie, a computational linguist in Edinburgh, ………………reasoning in machines. “artificial intelligence = reasoning in machines”
19. Not Givenpersonal situations, source of humourparagraph 3; last sentenceA comedian will present a situation followed by an unexpected interpretation that is also apt”. This means there are a lot of different ways to tell a joke, for example, using a sudden, surprising/unexpected situation. “use of personal situation by comedians not mentioned”
20. Truechimpanzees, playingParagraph 5; line 4Chimpanzees have a, play-face – a gaping expression accompanied by a panting ,ah,ah” noise. “play face= playing, ah, ah= particular noise”
21. problem solvingright prefrontal cortex, light upparagraph 8; line 3His scans showed that at the beginning of a joke the listener’s prefrontal cortex lit up, particularly the right prefrontal believed to be critical for problem solving. “Light up = lit up”
22. temporal lobesactive, tooparagraph 8; line 6But there was also activity in the temporal lobes at the side of the head (consistent with attempts to rouse stored knowledge) and in many other brain areas. “active = activity, too = also”
23. evaluating informationorbital prefrontal cortex, activatedParagraph 8; last sentenceThen when the punchline arrived, a new area sprang to life – the orbital prefrontal cortex. This patch of brain tucked behind the orbits of the eyes is associated with evaluating information. “activated = sprang to life, involved with = associated with, this= orbital prefrontal cortex”
24. Cbrain, most difficult taskparagraph 9; lineMaking a rapid emotional assessment of the events of the moment is an extremely demanding job for the brain, animal or human. “extremely= most, difficult task= demanding jobs”
25. Alanguage, developedparagraph 10; lineAll warm-blooded animals make constant tiny adjustments …………………….but humans, who have developed a much more complicated internal life as a result of language respond emotionally not only to their surroundings but to their own thoughts. “react to their own thoughts react = respond”
26. Findividual, responses, humourparagraph 10; lineWhether a joke gives pleasure or pain depends on a person’s outlook. “a person’s subjective views = a person’s outlook”
27. DPeter DerksParagraph 11; last sentenceIf we can figure out how the mind processes humour, then we’ll have a pretty good handle on how it works in general. “figure out ….good handle on how it works= information about the operation of the brain”

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