Answers of What’s the Purpose of Gaining Knowledge with Explanation

Answer of What’s the Purpose of Gaining Knowledge with Explanation is taken from IELTS Academic Reading: Cambridge 12, Reading Test 1: Passage 3 and is aimed for candidates who have major problems in finding IELTS Reading Answers.

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Answer of What’s the Purpose of Gaining Knowledge with Explanation is divided into three parts for your ease of navigating answer, passage, and questions, all at the same time.

Answer of What’s the Purpose of Gaining Knowledge with Explanation

  • The answers will not come in the same order in the text as the order of the list of statements.
  • You may not need to read all paragraphs, first see the question which states the paragraphs you need to find headings for
  • The answer, sometimes, will not necessarily be in the main idea of a paragraph
  • Do this question first.
  • Expect lots of synonyms.
  • You can narrow down the match of statement and paragraph by a process of elimination. For any specific statement, there will be options that are clearly not a match.
  • Take more time than other questions to complete.
  • There are more headings than paragraphs.
  • Headings that only include specific details rather than the main idea may mislead you
  • Do not try to match the heading with the same words that are in the paragraph.
  • The first sentence is not always enough to find a perfect heading.
  • Pay attention to the headings that are similar to one another.
  • Skim the paragraph to get a general idea.
  • You should either use numerals (i.e., i or v) or letters (i.e., a, b, c) when listing the headings
  • Read all the headings before picking anyone.
Answer27 vi
Keywords
LocationLook in Sect A
ExplanationIn section A, the author mentions the idea of the founding of a special institution, its possible majors and possible titles for a wide variety of courses. Therefore, we should pay attention to headings related to those contents so the answer is vi.  
Answer28 viii
Keywords
LocationLook in Sect B
ExplanationSection B is about targeting students of the course because of the opening: “the course is intended for prospective arson investigators”. Then the author asks a question: “But wouldn’t this also be the perfect course for prospective arsonists to sign up for?” in order to point out the possibility of attracting the wrong kind of student. The course might attract students interested in starting fires, not fighting fires. Therefore, the answer is viii.
Answer29 ii
Keywords
LocationLook in Sect C
ExplanationSection C tells us about the author and his story about the title of the course. There are 2 remaining headings that could be related to a title – ii and vii. Since, in this section, the author only mentions one confusing title that could be understood by his students in two different ways, because of the the two meanings of ‘principles’, therefore the answer has to be “a course title with two meanings”.
Answer30 iv
Keywords
LocationLook in Sect D
ExplanationSection D is a very short paragraph. You can look at all the headings and cross out the ones you know are wrong for sure. For example, in section D the author does not mention any course or commitment, so the heading cannot be i – “Courses that require a high level of commitment”. Do the same with other headings, you can find out that only heading iv – “Applying a theory in an unexpected context” still remains. The theory referred to is the idea of the philospher Kant that any body of knowledge is principled. The author writes that this sounds “downright crazy in the light of the evidence”, which has the same meaning as “an unexpected context” when applied to an unethical practice like marketing.
Answer31 iii
Keywords
LocationLook in Sect E
ExplanationIn this section, the author mentions two terms in marketing, means and end, in conclusion, he supposes that “A field of knowledge or a professional endeavor is defined by both the means and the end; hence both deserve scrutiny”, which means that both terms are equally important. Therefore, the answer is “the equal importance of two key issues” (iii) “how to achieve X and what X is”.
Answer32
Keywords
LocationLook in Para F
ExplanationIn this section, the author gives the example of a doctor and a murderer. Both may learn the same body of knowledge, but they apply that knowledge for different purposes/ends. We give different names: we say that the doctor is practicing medicine and we say that the other is practicing murder. The author does not mention anything related to “a high level of commitment” (heading i) and “financial benefits” (heading v). Therefore, the most accurate heading for this section is “Different names for different outcomes” (vii). The doctor and the murderer use “identical knowledge to achieve their divergent ends”.
Answer33 fire science
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities:
LocationLook in Sect 1
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “Any undergraduates who have met the academic requirements can sign up for the course in our program in ‘ fire science ’.”

Therefore, students who can sign up for the course are undergraduates and ones who are studying “fire science”.
Answer34 investigators.
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities:
LocationLook in Sect 2
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “Naturally, the course is intended for prospective arson investigators”.
Answer35 evidence.
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities:
LocationLook in Sect B
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “who can learn all the tricks of the trade for detecting whether a fire was deliberately set, discovering who did it, and establishing a chain of evidence for effective prosecution in a court of law.”

A fire was deliberately set” can be considered as an example of criminal intent – the arsonist deliberately intended to start a fire. Then the course can help them to detect whether it is deliberate or not, who did it and find a chain of evidence.
Answer36 prosecution
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities:
LocationLook in Sect B
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “establishing a chain of evidence for effective prosecution in a court of law”.

We can consider “effective” as “successful”, and “in a court of law” as “in the courts”. Therefore, the answer is “prosecution”.
Answer37 Not Given
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: attract, students, courses, careers
Location
ExplanationThere is no sentence telling us about difficulties in attracting students onto such courses.
Answer38 Yes
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: Arson for Profit
LocationLook in Sect F
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “As we have seen, someone could use the very same knowledge of means to achieve a much less noble end, such as personal profit via destructive, dangerous, reckless activity”.
Answer39 No
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: Fire science courses, good at the job
LocationLook in Sect B
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “They will be qualified to do the job in a professional and expert way: “programs in fire science: they are highly welcome as part of the increasing professionalization of this and many other occupations”.
Answer40 No
KeywordsScan for the keywords, synonyms and similarities: fire science, , purpose , studies.
LocationLook in Sect F
ExplanationRead this line intensively, “When I ask fire science students to articulate the end, or purpose, of their field, they eventually generalize to something like, ‘The safety and welfare of society,’ which seems right.” They only “generalize”, which means “to make a general statement or form a general opinion”. Their opinion is only general, not detailed or particularly clear. Therefore, the answer is No. Provide a detailed definition of = to articulate

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