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Answers for “Why Pagodas Don’t Fall Down?” with Explanations

Answers for “Makete Integrated Rural Transport Project.” with Explanations

Answers for “The True Cost of Food” with Explanations

Question 1-4:-
1. YES (para 1, line 3-4: “pagodas – remained standing for centuries? Records show that
only two have collapsed during the past 1400 years.”)

2. NO (para 1, line 8-9: “port area of Kobe. Yet it left the magnificent five-storey pagoda at
the Toji temple in nearby Kyoto unscathed”)

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3. NOT GIVEN

4. YES (para 3, line 5-7: “later. Clearly Japanese carpenters of the day knew a few tricks
about allowing the building to sway and settle itself rather than fight nature‟s forces.”)

Question 5-10:-
5. B (para 4, line 7-8: built less high, typically five rather than nine storeys, made mainly of
wood and the staircase was dispensed with because the Japanese …”)

6. A (para 5, line 3- 5: “width. For the same reason, the builders of Japanese pagodas seem
to have further increased their weight by choosing to cover these extended eaves not with
the porcelain tiles of many Chinese pagodas”)

7. B (para 4, line 4-5: “brick or stone, with inner staircases, and used them in later centuries
mainly as watchtowers.”

8. C (para 5, line 1-2: “The roof of a Japanese temple building can be made to overhang the
sides of structure by fifty percent or more of the building‟s overall width”)

9. A (para 4, line 1-3: “The multi-storey pagoda came to Japan from China in the sixth
century. As in China, they were first introduced with Buddhism and were attached to
important temples.”)

10. C (para 6, last 4 lines: “some pagoda designs, it does not even rest on the ground, but is
suspended from the top of the pagoda – hanging loosely down through the middle of the
building”)

Question 11-13:-
11. D (para 7, line 6-7: “tested them on a „shaketable‟ in his laboratory. In short, shinbashira
was acting like an enormous stationary pendulum”)

12. C (para 7,line 4-6: “Mr Ishida, known to his student as „professor pagoda‟ because of his
passion to understand the pagoda, has built a series of models and tested them on a
„shaketable‟ in his laboratory”)

13. C (para 7, line 12-13: “was that under pressure a pagoda‟s loose stack of floors could be
made to slither to and fro independent of one another”)

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