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Historians and geneticists may carry out genealogical research

The introduction of postgraduate courses in genealogy in recent years has given genealogy more of an academic focus, with the emergence of peer-reviewed journals in this area. Scholarly genealogy is beginning to emerge as a discipline in its own right, with an increasing number of individuals who have obtained genealogical qualifications carrying out research on a diverse range of topics related to genealogy, both within academic institutions and independently.

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Genealogy is the study of families, family history, and the tracing

Genealogists use oral interviews, historical records, genetic analysis, and other records to obtain information about a family and to demonstrate kinship and pedigrees of its members. The results are often displayed in charts or written as narratives. The field of family history is broader than genealogy, and covers not just lineage but also family and community history and biography.

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Royal families, both historically and in modern times

Some countries and indigenous tribes allow individuals to obtain citizenship based on their genealogy. In Ireland and in Greece, for example, an individual can become a citizen if one of their grandparents was born in that country, regardless of their own or their parents’ birthplace. In societies such as Australia or the United States, by the 20th century, there was growing pride in the pioneers and nation-builders. Establishing descent from these was, and is, important to lineage societies, such as the Daughters of the American Revolution and The General Society of Mayflower Descendants.

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Individuals conduct genealogical research for a number of reasons

Private individuals research genealogy out of curiosity about their heritage. This curiosity can be particularly strong among those whose family histories were lost or unknown due to, for example, adoption or separation from family through divorce, death, or other situations. In addition to simply wanting to know more about who they are and where they came from, individuals may research their genealogy to learn about any hereditary diseases in their family history.

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IELTS Speaking Topics Checklist Summer-Autumn 2021, PDF

Use this checklist with current IELTS topics to prepare for your speaking test and you won’t be surprised by an unknown topic in your exam!) Questions to these topics are here:

Download PDF of this checklist here


Work or studies (always in use)TV programsGetting up early
Your Hometown (always in use)SingingReading
Your Country (always in use)Scenery (window views)Happiness
Your flat/house (always in use)BBQEnvironmental Protection
Home decorationSky and StarsFestivals
RestSpecial CostumesCar Trips
MathsWild AnimalsPrimary School
MuseumsNamesNew Year
 Holidays (Public Holidays) 


A time when you helped a friendApplication you use on your mobile phone
A time you saw 2 of your friends having an argumentActivity in or near the sea
A time you used your imaginationA tall building in your city you like or dislike
Trip you often take, but dislikeA law on environmental protection
A wild animal you have seenA puzzle (jigsaw, crossword) you have played
A time you were pleased with your purchaseAn occasion when you saw a lot of people smiling
An interesting conversation you hadA street market/an outdoor market you’ve visited
A skill you can teach othersA city where you want to live in the future
A time you made a promise to someoneYour favourite singer/actor
Live sports eventSomething interesting on social media
A home you liked/visited but did not want to live inA plan in your life not related to work/study
An experience when you got bored when you were with othersAn art or craft (painting, woodwork) you made at school
A time when your computer broke downOlder person you admire
A time when it was important to tell your friend the truthA time when you were not allowed to use your mobile phone
A famous person you are interested inA time you shared something with others
An old object which your family has kept for a long timeArticle on health you read in a magazine or on the Internet
An ideal job you’d like to do in the futureA quiet place you like to spend time in
A time when you advise someoneYour favourite film/movie
A polite personA time you saw smth interesting on social media
A toy which you enjoyed the most in your childhoodAn activity you do after work or studies
A time when you tried a new food for the first timeNatural talent you want to improve
A time when you waited in a line for a long timeYour favourite weather (weather you like)
Person who wears unusual clothesCompany that employs a lot of people
A time when you got lostSomething that wasn’t successful
A time when you encouraged smb to do smth they didn’t want to doA piece of equipment
A part of a city or town you enjoy spending time in 


Mobile Phones/AppsActivities/rest by the seaBuildings, Architecture
Learning and young children Learning in school
The value of knowledge
Jobs that require physical energy
Physical energy at all ages
Mental energy in modern life
Music/Musical Instruments
Music in everyday life
The arts and society
PuzzlesLaws and RulesSmiling
Things which are expensive
Money and the individual
Wealth and society
Working in another country
Working for an international company
International companies in the future
Helping people
Receiving help
Reasons for giving help
Street Markets
NewsNational IdentityPublic places
ArgumentsTruth and liesBoredom
Important thingsGiving AdviceFamous people/Celebrities
Home Electric Appliances
Children and ads (adverts)
Visiting others
AnimalsFood and cookingConversations
Making PlansGetting lost, mapsOlder people
Keeping fit and the Internet
Film Industry
Quiet Places
Large CompaniesSharing thingsTalents
Social Media
Friends on Social Media
Extreme Sports
Free time Activities
Sports Events/CompetitionHandicrafts/Traditional ArtImagination

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IELTS Cue Card, Talk about a person who wears unusual clothes

IELTS Cue Card, Talk about a person who wears unusual clothes

Talk about a person who wears unusual clothes
You should say:
• Who he/she is
• What kind of clothes he/she wears
• What do you feel about his/her clothing choice

Sample Answer

Fashion and clothing has always been an important part of the society. We have different dress codes for different occasions. It brings out people differently. Today I’m going to talk about one of my friend who dresses in an unusual manner. Her name is Mansi and she is a fashion blogger. She started fashion blogging with one of the most offbeat dressing sense. Her peculiar dressing sense has actually made her one of the most popular fashion model of the town.

She wears saree with jeans and long boots. Sometimes she wears a scarf as a top. She usually wears different types of hats and caps with Indian outfits which gives her a different look. She has never failed to surprise me with her eccentric appearance. Once I saw her wearing a dress made out of newspaper, she wore it for her shoot. Moreover, I have never seen her repeating her outfits. She can literally prepare an outfit from whatever is available, be it newspapers, pieces of old clothes, pillow covers, bedsheets and even towels. She has also started a small business of fashion clothing and named it “Cranky Couture”. Her fashion store is gaining popularity among townspeople.

I believe her clothing choice is quite strange yet impressive. In a short span of two years she has gained a lot of fan following in social media due to her unique dressing style. Going offbeat always makes an individual remarkable. I’ve have never seen someone with such unusual clothing before. Her outfits are sure to turn heads. Whenever I go out with her, people look at her with eyes wide open which actually makes me proud of her and the fact how she is normalising such kind of fashion.

Follow up questions:

Q1. Do you like shopping for new clothes?
Answer: Yes Of course! I love shopping for new clothes. Buying clothes makes me happy and it is the only kind of shopping that I enjoy. I often go for shopping when I do some remarkable work and reward myself with new clothes.

Q2. About how much money do you spend on clothes a year?
Answer: I don’t remember the exact amount, but I think I usually spend around 10,000 to 15,000 Indian Rupees in a year on clothes and I believe that is the minimal amount that an Indian girl spends on her clothing.

Q3. Do people dress the same when they are depressed as they do when they are very happy?
Answer: I feel people dress up differently when they are in different moods. Such as when people are happy they wear bright and colorful clothes, and they actually try to look better than usual. For instance people are most happy when it’s their birthday or some family function, so they try to look best. On the other hand, when people are depressed, they don’t make much efforts to look good.

Q4. What do you think about men who wear earrings?
Answer: I think it is completely their personal choice to wear earrings. Fashion is all about comfort and if men are comfortable with that, we should not judge them. Fashion has no gender. Wearing earrings is their way of expressing their sense of fashion.

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