Explained answer of “Air pollution is increasingly becoming…”

Question 1-5:
1. Los Angeles (para B, line 2-3: “ment and innovative technology. In Los Angeles, state
regulations are forcing manufacturers to try to sell ever cleaner cars: their first of the
cleanest, titled „Zero Emission”)

2. London (para B, line 5-6: “of sales in 1997. Local authorities in London are campaigning
to be allowed to enforce anti-pollution laws themselves; at present only the police have
the power to”)

3. Singapore (para B, last 2 lines: “do so, but they tend to be busy elsewhere. ln Singapore,
renting out road space to users is the way of the future.”)

4. London (para D, first 3 lines: “As part of a European Union environmental programme, a
London council is testing an infra-red spectrometer from the University of Denver in
Colorado. It gauges the pollution from a passing vehicle – more useful than the annual
stationary test that is the”)

5. Los Angeles (para E, line 2-4: “tendency to drive them more. Los Angeles has some of
the world’s cleanest cars — far better than those of Europe — but the total number of
miles those cars drive continues to grow. One solution is car-pooling, an arrangement in
which a number of people”)

Question 6-10:
6. YES (para C, first 2 lines: “When Britain’s Royal Automobile Club monitored the
exhausts of 610,000 vehicles, it found that 12 per cent of them produced more than half
the total pollution. Older”)

7. YES (para D, line 2-3: “an infra-red spectrometer from the University of Denver in
Colorado. It gauges the pollution from a passing vehicle – more useful than the annual
stationary test that is the”)

8. NO (para E, first 4 lines: “The effort to clean up cars may do little to cut pollution if
nothing is done about the tendency to drive them more. Los Angeles has some of the
world’s cleanest cars — far better than those of Europe — but the total number of miles
those cars drive continues to grow. One solution is car-pooling, an arrangement in which
a number of people”)

9. NO (para E, line 4-7: “to grow. One solution is car-pooling, an arrangement in which a
number of people who share the same destination share the use of one car. However, the
average number of people in a car on the freeway in Los Angeles, which is 1.3, has been
falling steadily. Increasing it would be an effective way of reducing emissions as well”)

10. NO (para F, last 5 lines: “Singapore is advancing in this direction, with a city-wide
network of transmitters to collect information and charge drivers as they pass certain
points. Such road-pricing, however, can be controversial. When the local government in
Cambridge, England, considered introducing Singaporean techniques, it faced vocal and
ultimately successful opposition.”)

Question 11-13:
11. A (part two, para 1, last 5 lines: “Environmental Programme and the World Health
Organisation (WHO) concluded that all of a sample of twenty megacities — places likely
to have more than ten million inhabitants in the year 2000 – already exceeded the level
the WHO deems healthy in at least one major pollutant. Two-thirds of them exceeded the
guidelines for two, seven for three or more.”)

12. D (part two, para 2, last 4 lines: “most attention from health researchers. PM1O, a subcategory of particulate matter measuring ten-millionths of a metre across, has been
implicated in thousands of deaths a year in Britain alone. Research being conducted in
two counties of Southern California is reaching similarly disturbing conclusions
concerning this little-understood pollutant.”)

13. C (part two, para 3, line 3-4: “polluted air offer further evidence of its destructive power.
The old and ill, however, are the most vulnerable to the acute effects of heavily polluted
stagnant air. It can actually”)

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