Explained answer of “visual symbols and the blind”

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Question 27-29:
27. C (part 1, para 1, first 2 lines: “From a number of recent studies, it has become clear that
blind people can appreciate the use of outlines and perspectives to describe the
arrangement of objects and other”)

28. C (part 1, para 1, line 4-7: “This fact was drawn to my attention dramatically when a
blind woman in one of my investigations decided on her own initiative to draw a wheel as
it was spinning. To show this motion, she traced a curve inside the circle (Fig. 1). I was
taken aback. Lines of motion”)

29. A (part 1, para 5, last 3 lines “the task I gave them involved some problem solving.
Evidently, however, the blind not only figured out meanings for each line of motion, but
as a group they generally came up with the same meaning at least as frequently as did
sighted subjects.”)

Question 30-32:
30. E
31. C
32. A

Question 33-39:
33. „pairs‟ (part 2, para 2, line 1: “We gave a list of twenty pairs of words to”)

34. „shapes‟ (part 2, para 1, last 2 lines: “China, I have begun exploring how well blind
people understand the symbolism behind shapes such as hearts that do not directly
represent their meaning”)

35. „sighted‟ (part 2, para 2, first 2 lines: “We gave a list of twenty pairs of words to sighted
subjects and asked them to pick from”)

36. „sighted‟

37. „deep‟

38. „blind‟

39. „similar‟
(part 2, para 3, line 5-10: “weak to strong, respectively. And only 51% linked deep to
circle and shallow to square. (See Fig. 2.) When we tested four totally blind volunteers
using the same list, we found that their choices closely resembled those made by the
sighted subjects. One man, who had been”)

Question 40:
40. B (part 2, para 3, last 3 lines: “opposite partners. Thus, we concluded that the blind
interpret abstract shapes as sighted people do.”)


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