Explaining pie chart perfectly: average household expenditures in a country in 1950 and 2010.

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The pie charts below show the average household expenditures in a country in 1950 and 2010.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» Write at least 150 words.

Household expenditures in a country in 1950 & 2010


(Explaining the examiner about the main idea of the question along with time frame)

The two provided pie charts give/gives information about what households spent their money on / household expenditure on goods and services in 1950 and 2010 of a country.

Overview/General Trend

(Explaining the examiner about the main idea of the graph)

It is immediately obvious that there are some quite significant differences / some things are significantly different between the two charts along with some similarities in terms of the household expenses.(Not so clear)


It can be clearly seen from the charts that food and housing were the two major categories that accounted the highest expense made by the people.(Clear overview with precisely selected trends)

Detail Description 1

In 2010 the largest proportion of expenditure was / most money was spent on food whereas in 1950 it was on housing, with food for just 11.2%(for a perfect comparison you should say what happened to the food in 1950). Likewise(connective word), In 1950, nearly three-quarters(paraphrasing 72.1 percent) of the total budget / the total of what spent were on housing and this, then, dropped dramatically(adverb to explain the verb- nature of drop) to only 22 percent in 2010. In addition(connective word), the amount of health care expenditure doubled(Verb form) in 2010 compared to 1950( many write as -the charts show a significant rise in the proportion of money spent on health care in 2010 compared to 1950- make your explanation clear as much as possible- if we say doubled then it becomes more clear).

Detail Description 2

There has been a notable increase in / People have notably increased the amount of money spent on transportation; a average family spent approximately four times more in transportation in 2010 than in 1990(Explaining why notable, comparing how big). There are some similarities, however(connective word). For example, in both 1950 and 2010 people spent a similar proportion on education / the proportion of education expenditure was roughly the same. Also(connective word), the outlay on other purposes experienced a dramatic increase(noun form) from 4% to 19% within this time period.

– Writing Tip

When comparing statistics we usually say:

Comparing the figures for 1950 and 2010, we can see some quite significant differences between the two charts. NOT Compared the figures for 1950. We use compared to or compared with as follows: Compared to 1950, housing expenditure in 2010 was relatively low. NOT Comparing with 1950. Or: Housing expenditure in 1950 was quite high compared to/with 2010. NOT comparing to 2010.

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