- Answer: distinct races. It is better to have both words, but it would also be possible to have the word races on its own.
- Answer: albas. The clue is in the example, Alba x semiplena, For Questions 2 ,3 & 4, you need to be careful. The temptation is to put the names of the roses in the order that they occur in the second paragraph, i.e. gallicas, albas and damasks. Doing that would not test whether you can find your way round the text! In fact, you need to use the other information given at 5 and 6 to help you work out the names in Questions 2-4.
- Answer: damasks. The clue lies in the phrase Origin obscure.
- Answer: gallicas. The marker here is 13th Century.
- Answer: (highly) scented petals. You can have two words here and leave out the words in the brackets.
- Answer: recorded.
- Answer: benefit. You need a noun here; beneficial (adjective) does not work. The word advantage does not work here either. The word advantage appears in the original text, but you cannot use it. If the text read ‘…and soils, features which are an advantage to…’, it would be acceptable.
- Answer: area available. You need to be careful here. The answer is a paraphrase of the word space in the original text. Spacing is to do with the arranging of the layout of the plants.
- Answer: Most. This is a translation of the majority of in the passage, but the word majority alone does not fit here. If you use the word majority, the text should read: The majority of.
- Answer: blossom. The word is a paraphrase of the word flower in the text. A difficult one. If you read the sentence, you can see that a verb is needed here for the text to make sense. This sentence is a paraphrase of the first part of the second sentence in the fourth paragraph. The word spread fits grammatically in the sentence itself, but the sentence is not then a paraphrase of the original text: the passage does not say that the roses spread. The word spread in the passage refers to the extent, diameter, circumference of the rose bush, as it grows.
- Answer: in the end. This phrase paraphrases the word eventually in the original text. The word also does not work here. The sentence does not give additional information (also). The sentence states a fact (In fact) about what happens when shrub roses are not cut back regularly. It is, therefore, also a development of the phrase without having to be cut back. Compare the original text.
- Answer: across. The phrase up to three metres across paraphrases with a spread of two to three metres. The word circumference would not work here as you would need to say ‘in circumference’. The same would apply to the word ‘diameter’, if it were in the list.
- Answer: dictates. This sentence summarises the penultimate paragraph.
QUESTIONS 14 and 15
- Answer: B. If you look at the penultimate paragraph, you can see that the writer is talking about shrub roses. It is not clear whether the phrase of all in probably the most intensely fragrant rose of all refers to shrub roses or all roses. The writer of the article didn’t know when he was asked!
- Answer: D. The first reaction for many students is to give A as the answer. The sentence then would mean that ‘all shrub roses have a short but spectacular flowering season’. The word many in the text shows you that there are other flowering seasons. Like A, alternatives B and C, each only covers one group of shrub roses.