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Focusing the Coherence & Cohesion of Task 2


Your Writing Task 2 essay is assessed on how coherent and cohesive your writing is.

Coherence:- Involves organizing information logically and in paragraphs so that it is easy for the reader to follow.

Cohesion:- Involves connecting sentences and ideas using techniques such as pronoun referencing, signposts and academic phrases.

Therefore, coherence and cohesion refer to how well your writing communicates its message, that is, how well it:

  • flows
  • is organised
  • can be understood.

To do this, we will focus on the use of:

  1. Essay skeleton
  2. pronoun referencing
  3. signposts/ connective words
  4. academic phrases
Essay Skeleton
Essay skeleton gives you a format to your essay. A perfect design for 250 words gives you a perfect score you need. Use this standard format for paragraphing your essay.

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Signosts/Connective Words
Signposts can be used to link your ideas between sentences and paragraphs and within sentences. Signposts that link ideas within a sentence are usually called conjunctions.

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Pronoun Referencing
If you use pronoun referencing, you improve the cohesion and coherence of your writing because you connect sentences smoothly with each other by not repeating the subject, thereby improving the flow too.

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Academic Phrases
An academic phrase is a group of words that is used to draw the reader’s attention making your arguments and ideas clear, cohesive and gives a flow too.

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