Causes of crime and re-offending:

  • The main causes of crime are poverty, unemployment and lack of education.
  • People who commit crimes often have no other way of making a living.
  • The prison system can make the situation worse.
  • Offenders mix with other criminals who can be a negative influence.
  • A criminal record makes finding a job more difficult.
  • Many prisoners re-offend when they are released.

Possible measures to reduce crime and re-offending:

  • Prisons should provide education or vocational training.
  • Rehabilitation programmes prepare prisoners for release into society.
  • Community service is another way to reform offenders.
  • It makes offenders useful in their local communities.
  • They might be required to talk to school groups or clean public areas.
  • Offenders also need help when looking for accommodation and work.

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