Be it speaking or writing, questions about Architecture and Buildings have already been asked, and many times. Hence, it is suggested to learn some IELTS vocabulary for Architecture and Buildings. In speaking, candidates have been asked to speak about their home or the dream home they want to be in. Let’s see the following IELTS vocabulary lists about Architecture and Building.
Vocabulary by types:-
Reinforced concrete; brick; steel and glass; stone; timber; a prefabricated building
An apartment building; a skyscraper; a high-rise apartment building; a flat; a tower; a bungalow; a cabin; a studio; a slum dwelling; a ruin; a hovel; a historic building; a commercial building; a national monument; a public building
Styles of Architecture
Stupa, Pagoda, Shikhar, Newa, Modern
Idioms and phrases
An ugly monstrosity; an eyesore; a derelict warehouse.
Pleasing geometric forms; a beautiful facade; an elegant structure; a radical design.
Buildings and the Environment
Energy-efficient; eco-friendly; it blends in with the surroundings.
Part of Buildings
Roof; column; pillar; arch; balcony; terrace; steeple; spire; dome; cellar; basement; attic; loft; access; a corrugated iron roof.
The blueprints; the building site; the foundations; the wiring; the plumbing.
Part 1 – IELTS Vocabulary for Architecture and Buildings
1) What types of buildings are there where you live?
The urban fabric of Hetauda city is made up of locally made bricks, be it modern offices or houses. Unlike other western countries, we certainly don’t have any high-rise apartments or skyscrapers in the area.
2) Are there any monuments in your hometown?
The most famous monument is a view tower called the Hetauda view tower which portrays the peace memorial in the park. The tower was built by Mugal Rulers, and it’s worth mentioning that it has survived till our times, constituting a significant part of the whole city.
3) Do you like to visit historic buildings?
I’m a person who would go sightseeing over partying. So, yes, I enjoy going on vacations or trips to historic or interesting cultural places. Last summer I was in a breathtaking city, Patan, where I visited and enjoyed the grandeur of old monuments like Pashupati Temple, Royal Palace, Malla’s Home, etc. They were the most stunning pieces of architecture I’ve ever seen and such an iconic building. Not to surprise you, but I also like looking around old ruins.
Part 2- IELTS Vocabulary for Architecture and Buildings
Describe a style of architecture that you like.
You should say:
- What style it is
- What it looks like
- Where you can see it
- And explain why you like this style.
Over the period of my life, I have exposed myself to, maybe, hundreds of architectures. I like many styles of architecture but my favorite is probably the Stupa Style. The exterior of buildings designed in this style looks like a hemispherical standing object with relics at the top. They’re not at all ornate, in fact, you’d say they were plain, except at the top. Yet I find them so beautiful, with elegant lines and simple shapes.
The most popular building material is concrete but glazed brick is also used. Dating back to 250BC, the stupas built in Patan by King Ashoka are of great importance, designed to mark the four corners of the city and is among the oldest stupas to remain standing today in Nepal. Lots of them couldn’t withstand the earthquake of 1990. Some fell into disrepair and had to be demolished but others have been renovated for use as a worship place and a lure-point for tourists.
Among Nepal’s finest examples of the stupa style is Boudhanath stupa on the outskirts of Kathmandu. This ancient UNESCO World Heritage-listed stupa is one of the largest in the world and particularly sacred to Tibetan Buddhists for its position along an ancient trade route from the Kathmandu Valley to Tibet. Also, it welcomes hordes of tourists every day. Sadly, the earthquake of 1990 badly damaged the spire of the stupa, which later had to be renovated.
For people who are real fans of stupa architecture, I recommend that they visit the town of Kathmandu because, within every mile, at least one monument is a stupa. It’s an amazing place. They have tour guides to show you around and tell you about the history of the town. I don’t think there is anywhere else in the world like it and I’m sure that it was my visit there that really got me interested in this beautiful architectural style.
Part 3 – IELTS Vocabulary for Architecture and Buildings
1) Why do you think people visit historic buildings?
Well, we can’t go to future places, and the present is familiar and maybe uninteresting, so it makes sense that people want a chance to get a small window into what life was like in the past. There’s a big difference between reading about a historic location in a book and then experiencing the atmosphere of the place firsthand.
2) Do you think it’s worth the money to preserve old buildings?
Preserving old buildings is important for a number of reasons.
First, old buildings are of their time, and often they are extraordinary works of architecture that couldn’t be remade today. They can exist as a mirror that speaks to a specific time in our history and represent continuity without the past. The art, craft, and creativity preserved in these buildings represent our rich cultural heritage and values practiced by our ancestors. Some traditional monuments remind us of the patriotism shown by our Freedom Fighters. Second, other buildings are designed by influential architects and are worth preserving for their aesthetic and historical value. Hence, it is an act of unwisdom to dismantle the ancient buildings while calculating its worth with money.
3) How have buildings changed in the past few years?
Well, everything I would say, including methods, materials, and technology. Gone are the days of the traditional design-bid-build method which is replaced by a modern construction management agency. Just hire one, and everything is done by them. Also, materials are evolving: translucent woods, the cement that can absorb and radiate light and instant setting, thermoplastic carbon fiber composite rods, artificially produced furniture, pollution-absorbing colors, and many, many more materials. Technology has revolutionized the way of construction. The use of a crane, the building management system, artificial intelligence, etc. has not only enhanced the speed but also it has decreased the potential human risks.