This is another smart and fast way to give an impression over the control of your grammar. I’ve seen just a few students using this technique in their answer.
Sometime to emphasize and sometime, perhaps to contradict what someone else has said or for dramatic effect, we use emphatic sentence structure.
We do this either by splitting one sentence into two parts (cleft sentences) or by bringing the element we want to emphasize to the beginning (fronting), and inversion techniques.
This is used in writing and speaking.
‘Cleft’ means divided. In a cleft sentence, information which could be given in one clause is divided into two parts, each with its own verb:-
|Technology has made the greatest impact.||It is technology that has made the greatest impact.|
This gives extra emphasis to technology. We often use this pattern to emphasise some piece of new information, to give explanations or to make a contrast with a previous statement (the emphasized information is in bold). There are two ways to do this:-
|Structure it + a form of be (+ not and/or adverb) + emphasised word/phrase + that /which/ who clause|
We can use this pattern to emphasise the subject or the object of a simple sentence, or an adverbial phrase, or a prepositional phrase:-
|sentence||I suffered a great loss from your poor service yesterday.|
|emphasising the subject||It was me who suffered a great loss yesterday.|
|**emphasising the action||It was a great loss that I suffered on July. (Wrong)? We will discuss soon.|
|emphasising the adverbial||It was on July that I suffered a great loss.|
**Note: We cannot use it clefts to highlight the action or a verb complement in a sentence. We use wh- clefts to do this.
We can use this pattern to highlight the action in a sentence. For example, if we want to highlight
|Structure wh- clause + a form of be + emphasised word or phrase|
|sentence||I suffered a great loss on July.|
|emphasising the action||What I suffered on July was a great loss.|
In Spoken and Written English we sometimes want to make a strong contrast with something in a previous statement. We can do this with objects and complements by ‘fronting’ them (moving them to the front of the clause), which makes them more emphatic:-
|This may be one solution but this is not all in all. I disagree with that.||One solution this may be, but all in all it is not. That I disagree with.|
When we want to start a sentence with known information or we want to make an emphatic comparison with information in a previous sentence, we can use a comparative or superlative phrase at the beginning. We use a form of the verb be followed by the subject :
|Members of the royal family attended the funeral. Also at the service were several ambassadors.||They led a life of abject poverty. Such is the fate of most illegitimate children in this province.|
We can put known information at the beginning of a sentence by putting adverbial phrases describing position or place (e.g. At the back of the house), verbs of position and movement (e.g. stand, attach, lie) and to + infinitive forms in the front position, with inversion of the subject and verb be:-
|He said he would arrive on time. And he did (arrive on time).||Battered though he was, he never lost his will to succeed.|
We sometimes put a verb or verb phrase in front of the subject after adverbs of place (e.g. on, in, here, there, outside, opposite) and adverbs of time (e.g. next, then, first, now, finally). We can use a form of be or verbs of place and movement (e.g. stand, sit, lie, come, go, climb, run. sail, fly) before the subject. We often use this pattern to form a link with the information in the previous sentence, and it is common in formal English:-
|There was a beautiful rambling rose on the wall.||On one wall there was a beautiful rambling rose|
We sometimes put an auxiliary (do. have, should, can, etc.) before the subject in statements; the rest of the verb phrase follows the subject. We use this pattern of inversion for emphasis in the following cases:-
|after adverbs with ‘restrictive’/||Little did we realize the true extent of his involvement.|
|negative meaning (e.g. hardly,||Never have I seen such a disturbing sight,|
|only + time expression or prepositional phrase||Only later did he manage to get permission.|
|scarcely, rarely, little, never)||Hardly had I arrived when Suzy collared me.|
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