# Introduction t1

#### What is Task 1 introduction about?

IELTS Writing Task 1 answer starts with an introduction. Here, the examiner wants to see a clear, single sentence(not compulsorily) that shows you have analysed and understood:-

• idea of the data,
• timescales and
• units

To do this, take the explanatory part of the Task instruction(question), and paraphrase it in your own words.

For example, if the Task instruction includes the information: “The first graph below shows the weight (in tonnes) of fruit produced by a farm during each month in 2013, and also the amount (in tonnes) of fertiliser used. The second graph shows the volume of rainfall in each month (in millimetres.)

You can paraphrase this as: “The charts give data regarding the tonnage of fruit produced in a farm per month in 2013, the fertiliser used and the monthly rainfall in that year.”

Remember that in your introduction sentence you Must NOT:-

• include any figures or data (except the year(s) if given)
• give any background to the topic or add any knowledge, opinions or ideas of your own.
• copy the complete Task instruction from the Test paper without changing/paraphrasing it.

#### How to write a perfect introduction?

Writing a good introduction is a no-brainer. There are various methods to write an introduction. The simplest and by far the most effective though is this:

single graphs: The bar graph/pie chart/ line graph/table provides information about …(+ what + where+ when)…

double graphs: The bar graph/pie chart/ line graph/table provides information about …(+ what + where+ when)…, while the line/bar/pie chart indicates ……. (+ what+ where+ when)

The bar graph/pie chart/ line graph/table provides information about …(+ what + where+ when)…, with the line/bar/pie chart indicating ……. (+ what+ where+ when)

#### How to paraphrase question?

Let us use the following method/s:

1. Use derivatives of a word(verb into noun, vice-versa)

2. Convert active sentences into passive ones and vice versa:

3 Use synonyms and antonyms:

4 Using how much, how many and how+…

Grammar for Introduction:

• Always use present tense whatever is the date given in your question because you are reporting the graph now.
• For a single graph use ‘s’ after the verb, like – gives data on, shows/ presents, etc. However, if there are multiple graphs, DO NOT use ‘s’ after the verb.
• If there are multiple graphs and each one presents a different type of data, you can write which graph presents what type of data and use ‘while, whereas’ to show a connection. For example -‘The given bar graph shows the amount spent on fast food items in 2009 in the UK while the pie chart presents a comparison of people’s ages who spent more on fast food.
• For multiple graphs and/ or table(s), you can write what they present in combination instead of saying which each graph depicts. For example, “The two pie charts and the column graph in combination depicts a picture of the crime in Australia from 2005 to 2015 and the percentages of young offenders during this period.”

#### How long should I take?

If you practice these, you should be able to write a good introduction sentence in about 1 minute, leaving enough time for the main body of the essay. Don’t spend longer than about 1 minute on this, because you need plenty of time to write the main body.

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