Scoring Task 2

Header of answer sheet

Header of answer sheet

Footer of answer sheet.

Footer of answer sheet

Every report is read four times by an examiner and each time, it will be marked on one of the following criteria:
 Task Response (TR)
 Coherence and Cohesion (CC)
 Lexical Resource (LR)
 Grammatical Range and Accuracy (GRA)

Task Response (TR)
In both Academic and General Training Writing tests, Task 2 requires the candidates to formulate and develop a
position in relation to a given prompt in the form of a question or statement. Ideas should be supported by
evidence, and examples may be drawn from the candidates’ own experience. Responses must be at least 250
words in length.


The examiner has the following questions in mind when assessing this aspect of your report:
1. Have you sufficiently addressed all parts of the task?
2. Have you presented a clear response to the questions asked?
3. Have you presented well-developed ideas by presenting, extending and supporting them?
4. Have you avoided over-generalisation and absolute statements?
5. Have you avoided repetitive conclusions or vague/under-developed ideas?


Coherence and Cohesion (CC)
This criterion is concerned with the overall clarity and fluency of the message: how the response organises and
links information, ideas and language. Coherence refers to the linking of ideas through logical sequencing.
Cohesion refers to the varied and appropriate use of cohesive devices (for example, logical connectors,
pronouns and conjunctions) to assist in making the conceptual and referential relationships between and within
sentences clear.
The examiner has the following questions in mind when assessing this aspect of your report:
1. Have you organised your information logically?
2. Is there an overall flow or progression in your report?
3. Have you organised the text in paragraphs logically and sufficiently?
4. Have you used linkers correctly, properly and sufficiently?
5. Have pronouns been used correctly and do they have clear references?
6. Have you avoided linker over-use/under-use?

Lexical Resource (LR)
This criterion refers to the range of vocabulary the candidate has used and the accuracy and appropriacy of that
use in terms of the specific task.
The examiner takes the following points into account when assessing this aspect of your report:
1. Words
a. Range and flexibility
b. Level
c. Precision
d. Style
e. Collocation

2. Vocabulary mistakes
a. Spelling
b. Word choice
c. Word formation
Note: when evaluating mistakes, the effect each has on the reader and the intelligibility of your report is taken into
account.


Grammatical Range and Accuracy (GRA)
This criterion refers to the range and accurate use of the candidate’s grammatical resource as manifested in the
candidate’s writing at the sentence level.
The examiner has the following questions in mind when assessing this aspect of your report:
1. Have you used a variety of sentence structures?
2. How often have you used compound structures?
3. Mistakes
a. Grammar
b. Punctuation
Note: when evaluating mistakes, the effect each has on the reader and the intelligibility of your report is taken into
account

Today, many cities around the world face an increasing amount of garbage produced by citizens. This essay aims to investigate the causes of this and also put forward a number
of solutions. (18 words)


There are many reasons why so much rubbish is produced. One important factor is the consumerist lifestyle of many people today which has led to them buying and consuming
more products such as food, clothes and home appliances. As a result, more packaging is thrown away everyday which creates a lot of rubbish. Furthermore, many families do not
separate reusable garbage like cans or glass jars from the rest since they are too tired or busy. The main reason for this is that a majority of parents have to work long hours out
of home to make enough money for their families. (102 words)

Governments can do various things to decrease the amount of garbage. Firstly, they can legislate laws to limit the garbage produced by households to a certain level, say, a kilogram
every day. As a result, people would definitely try to buy only the things which they need to avoid throwing away too much. This is likely to be very effective although it might not be so popular, especially in large cities. Also, governments could invest in building recycling plants so that more garbage is reused to produce new products. For example, they could
use plastic bottles to make new plastic balls or computer parts. (104 words)

In conclusion, the reasons behind the rise in waste production include consumerism and people not recycling, and possible solutions are laws to restrict household garbage as well as
building recycling centres. (31 words)

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