Using Topic Specific Vocabulary

IELTS Topic Related Vocabulary for Education

attend classes: to go to classes
numeracy: ability to understand and work with numbers
distance learning: classes through internet
day release: a system of allowing employees days off work to go on educational courses.
learn something by heart: to memorize it
to meet a deadline: to finish a job or task in the time allowed or agreed
to play truant: to stay away from classes without permission  
to sit an exam: to take an exam
to take a year out: to spend a year working or traveling before starting university
to fall behind with studies: to progress less quickly than others
an intensive course: a course that offers lots of training in order to reach a goal in as short a time as possible
IELTS Topic Related Vocabulary for Work
to be called for an interview: to be invited to attend an interview

a heavy workload: to have a lot of work to do

a high-powered job: an important or powerful job

job satisfaction: the feeling of enjoying a job

semi-skilled: neither skilled nor unskilled

blue-collar worker: manual labor workers

freelance: self-employed

demanding job: a job that requires physical force

downsizing: cutting the size of employee numbers

workaholic: requiring a lot of work

made redundant: no longer a need for the company(employee)

perks: benefits

fill in: replace somebody

a nine-to-five job: a normal job that consists of an 8 hour day (approximately)

to be/get stuck in a rut: to be in a boring job that is hard to leave

to be well paid: to earn a good salary

working conditions: the hours, salary and other entitlements that come with the job

a dead-end job: a job with no promotional opportunities

to do a job-share: to share the weekly hours of work with another person

a good team player: somebody who can work well with other people

knuckle down: start working hard

lay off: cut employment

step down: Leave the job to somebody else

IELTS Topic Related Vocabulary for Business, Money, and Finance
 go bankrupt:  to be unable to pay one’s debts

extravagant: a habit of spending more

frugal: simple which costs you less

mortgage: convey (a property) to a creditor as security on a loan

exorbitant: unreasonably high priced

good bargain: a good deal

Run over: to exceed a planned amount of money or time

Pay off (someone*): to reward/ to bribe*

cash flow: the money coming in and going out of a business

Payback: to repay, to return a loan

Rake in: to make a lot of money

niche business: a business that serves a small, particular market

sales figures: a report of the income a company generates through sales of products or services

stiff competition: strong competition

to win a contract: when a business gets legally-binding work with an individual or company

Hammer out: to produce something with much difficulty

Nail down: to finalize something

balance the books: balance the expenditure

cold call: to make a sales call to someone without asking them for permission first

drum up business: to try to get customers

earn a living: to earn money

IELTS Topic Related Vocabulary for Politics
Big government: A description of the government that is believed to be too much by some.

Carpetbagger: A carpetbagger is an opportunist without any ethics

Bipartisan: Something that is supported by politicians from two different political parties.

Candidate: A person who wishes to be elected via a vote.

Checks and balances: The different parts of the American political set up that ensures power is distributed appropriately.

Coalition: When two or more political parties work together to form a government.

Propaganda: Information that supports or dismisses a topic that may be at least partially untrue.

Pundit: A person who is an expert and often works for the media.

Liberal: A person who believes in progress and protecting civil liberties.

Lobby: To try to persuade someone, often a politician, to do as you want.

Patriot: A person who loves their country.

Convention: A gathering of the members of a political party.

Pork barrel: Pork barrel politics involves investing money in an area to get political support

IELTS Topic Related Vocabulary for Architecture

art deco: the style of the buildings

elegant: stylish in appearance

energy-efficient: energy saving

an eyesore: a thing that is very ugly, especially a building.

pleasing geometric forms: well-designed patterns

skyscraper: a very tall building of many storeys

well-designed: designed beautifully

a masterpiece: extremely beautiful

multi-storey: having many stores

tear down: to demolish

dismantle: to destroy

finest example: a perfect example

most stunning piece: an iconic building

derelict: empty and in bad condition

Floorplan: the actual layout of the building

green building: environment-friendly buildings

façade: outer appearance

high-rise apartments: a tall building

IELTS Topic Related Vocabulary for Arts and Crafts
Naturalism: the way an artists sees things

Craftsmen: skilled in using something

abstract: experienced

balance: feeling of equality and attraction with attention

Motif: repeated features to show dominance

Texture: The actual or the illusion of tactile value(feeling of touch) on the surface

Aesthetic: Relating to or characterized by a concern with beauty

Artifice: Deception or trickery

B movie: A low-budget movie

Baroque: extravagant

Censorship: examining arts to remove anything against the ethics or rules

Content: The subject matter or significance of a work of art

Curator: A person whose job it is to research and manage a collection and organize exhibitions.

Wipe Out: Eliminate

Use up: Use until nothing is left

Spread out: Cover a large area

Scale down: Reduce the quality/quantity

Dispose off: Get rid off

Phase out: Stop gradually

to die out: see to become extinct

endangered species: categories of animals or plants that are in danger of becoming extinct

exhaust fumes: the toxic gases given off by vehicles powered by petrol

flash floods: floods that happen quickly

fossil fuels: energy resources like gas and oil that are produced deep below the ground over millions of years

to get back to nature: to live a life that is closer to nature

global warming: the increasing temperature of the world brought about by gases such as carbon dioxide

humanitarian aid: the act of showing support to people struggling to survive

impact on: the effect on

genetically modified: changed from usual using genes

Contaminated: Polluted

Toxic Waste: harmful waste

Quarintine: a place of isolation where contageous disese is treated

Biodegradable: decomposable

Green Belt: an area of open land around a city, on which building is restricted.

Ecosystem: a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.

the natural world: the world of nature

oil spill: waste usually deposited in the seas and oceans after an accident at sea

poaching: to hunt and kill wild animals illegally

pressure group: a group of people who try to raise awareness of issues and try to affect the views and actions of people and organisations

toxic waste: poisonous, unwanted rubbish often produced by industrial processes

wildlife conservation: to protect animals and plants and their habitats

 Sedentary lifestyle: involving little or no physical activity

Vulnerable: exposed to the possibility of being attacked

Stress-related: relating to prressure

overweight : fat

cutbacks: reducing the intake of something

incurable: having no cure

examination: check up

therapy: a type of treatment

catch a cold: catch common cold

healthy diet: diet which is healthy

work out: exercise

 as fit as fiddle: healthy

obesity: fat

dietary habits: food habits

unhealthy habits: habits which may cause disease

be in shape: maintaing the physical fitness

mental health: stress free hea;th

to be over the worst: to have got through the most serious or uncomfortable stage of an illness

to phone in sick: to call work to explain you won’t be attending work due to illness

to make a speedy recovery: to recover quickly from an illness


deported: expel from country

expatriate: living outside their native country

repatriated: return to own country

persona: aspect of someones character

economic migrants: migrants for business

culture shock: Feeling confused when exposed to new culture

traffic congestion: heavy traffic making it difficult to move around a town or city

run down: old and of a poor standard

places of interest: buildings that have a particular interest for visitors

tourist trap: somewhere where too many tourists go

to go sightseeing:  to look around the tourist sites

stunning landscape: extremely beautiful countryside

holiday of a lifetime: a special holiday that you are unlikely to repeat

far-off destination: somewhere a long way away

breathtaking view: an extremely beautiful view

exhausting commuting: travelling that makes tired

baggage: bags carried for travelling

car breakdown: car stopped working

in the suburbs: the outer area of large towns and cities where people live

IELTS Topic Related Vocabulary for Crime, Law, and Justice

Law-abiding: Obedient to laws

Defendant: sued/accused in court of law

Guilty: Found responsible for wrongdoing or an unlawful act.

Offense: A breach of law/illegal act.

Sentence: Length of time a prisoner is imprisoned.

Prosecution: The legal proceedings against someone in respect of a criminal charge.

Capital punishment: The legally authorized killing of someone as punishment for a crime.

Corporal punishment: Physical punishment, such as caning or flogging.

 Juvenile offenders: Young criminals

Getaway: An escape or quick departure, especially after committing a crime.

Break the law: To go against the law.

Witness = someone who sees a crime being committed
Charged: an accusation made against someone
Plead: make an emotional appeal
Innocent: not guilty of a crime
Rehabilitate: restore after imprisonment
Misdeeds: Wrongdoings
Misconduct: Wrongdoings
Lenient: more tolerant than expected
Deter: discourage someone from doing something

Hearsay = when you hear something from someone, but you don’t know if it is true or not

Diminished responsibility = when someone cannot be held responsible for a crime, because they are mentally ill

IELTS Topic related vocabulary for Socio-politics

Populism: a political approach that strives to appeal to ordinary people who feel that their concerns are disregarded by established elite groups.
not associated with a specific gender
a person who holds extreme political or religious views, especially one who advocates illegal, violent, or other extreme action.
power struggle: a clash for power
a violent disturbance of the peace by a crowd.
extremely poor.
to frighten or threaten someone, usually in order to persuade them to do something that you want
racial purging:
ethnic cleansing
gen z: anyone born after 1997
a person who opposes official policy, especially that of an authoritarian state.
millennial: denoting or relating to a period of a thousand years
political scandal:
an action or event regarded as morally or legally wrong and causing general public outrage.
prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior.
a person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or leader
a person who continues working when fellow workers are on strike
extremely poor and lacking the means to provide for oneself.

IELTS Topic related vocabulary for Science and Technology

breakthrough: a sudden, dramatic, and important discovery or development.
technophobe: a person who fears, dislikes, or avoids new technology.
technophile: a person who is enthusiastic about new technology.
cutting-edge: highly advanced; innovative or pioneering.
shutdown: a closure of a factory or system, typically a temporary closure due to a fault or for maintenance.
inventions: the action of inventing something, typically a process or device.
wear and tear: damage or change
a computer buff: an expert computer user

IELTS Topic related vocabulary for Food Items

fast food: easily prepared processed food
balanced diet:
a diet consisting of a variety of different types of food
the process or period of gathering in crops.
free range: (of livestock, especially poultry) kept in natural conditions
organic: natural
to foot the bill: to pay the bill.
to work up an appetite: to do something that will lead to hunger.
to be starving hungry: an exaggerated way of saying you are very hungry
fussy eater: someone who is very picky about the food and doesn’t eat everything.
mouthwatering: delicious, appetizing.
quick snack: a light and quick meal, usually unhealthy.
to catch a snack: to eat a little portion of food very quickly.
to spoil appetite: to do something that would hinder your desire to eat.

IELTS Topic related vocabulary for Town & Country

population explosion: a sudden, large increase in the size of a population.
high-rise flats: multi-story apartments
places of interest: buildings that have a particular interest for visitors
sprawling city: a city that has grown over time and which covers a wide area
metropolis: the capital or chief city of a country or region.
cosmopolitan: including people from many different countries.
amenities: facilities
in the suburbs: the outer area of large towns and cities where people live
cost of living: the level of prices relating to a range of everyday items.
anonymity: the condition of being unknown.
city dwellers:
a person who lives in a city.
a person who travels some distance to work on a regular basis.
rush hour: a time during each day when traffic is at its heaviest.

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