Lexical Resource in IELTS Writing Task 1

Lexical resource carries 25% of your writing marks and to prove that you should get used to some of the very obvious verbs and nouns.

Unique Vocabulary to say show:-


  • depicts
  • enumerates
  • delineates
  • outlines
  • compares and contrasts
  • gives information on/ presents information about

1. Vocabulary to show the trend:-

Vocabulary to say increase:-


Verb Form

e.g. the figure rises from ……. to …..

Noun Form

e.g. the graph experiences/ sees a rise from ……. to……

  • rise
  • go up
  • uplift
  • rocket(ed)
  • climb
  • upsurge
  • soar
  • shot up
  • improve
  • jump
  • leap
  • move upward
  • skyrocket
  • a rise
  • an increase
  • an upward trend
  • a growth
  • a leap
  • a jump
  • an improvement
  • a climb.

Vocabulary to say decrease:-


Verb Form Noun Form
  • fall
  • decrease
  • decline
  • plummet
  • plunge
  • drop
  • reduce
  • collapse
  • dip
  • dive
  • go down
  • slum
  • a fall
  • a decrease
  • a reduction
  • a downward trends
  • a  downward tendency
  • a decline
  • a drop
  • a downfall.

Vocabulary to show Stability:-


Verb Form Noun Form
  • level(ed) off
  • remain(ed) constant
  • remain(ed) stable
  • prevail(ed) consistency
  • plateaued
  • reach(ed) a plateau
  • stay(ed) uniform
  • level(ed) out
  • stabilized
  • No Change
  • a flat
  • a plateau
  • a consistency

Vocabulary to represent fluctuation in graphs:-


Type of Change Verb form Noun form
 ups and downs

  • wave
  • fluctuate
  • oscillate
  • fluctuations
  • oscillations
  • vacillations

Vocabulary to show the nature of change:-


 

Type of Change Adverb for verb form

e.g. the graph rises dramatically from … to ..

Adjective for adverb form

e.g. the graph sees a dramatic rise from … to ..

Rapid change

  • dramatically
  • rapidly
  • sharply
  • quickly
  • swiftly
  • significantly
  • considerably
  • substantially
  • dramatic
  • rapid
  • sharp
  • quick
  • swift
  • significant
  • considerable
  • substantial
Moderate change

  • moderately
  • gradually
  • progressively
  • sequentially.
  • moderate
  • gradual
  • progressive
  • sequential.
Slight change

  • slightly
  • slowly
  • mildly
  • marginally
  • slight
  •  slow
  • mild
  • marginal
ups and downs

  • erratically
  • sporadically
  • irregularly
  • erratic
  • sporadic
  • irregular

 

 

Vocabulary to represent highest and lowest points in graphs:-


Type Verb Noun
Highest Point

  • peaked
  • climaxed
  • reach  the peak
  • touch the highest point
  • reach the vertex/apex
  • the highest point
  • an (/the) apex
  • (/the) summit,
  • a (/the) pinnacle
  • a (/the) acme
Lowest Point

  • touch the lowest point
  • get the lowest point
  • the lowest point
  • nadir
  • the all-time low
  • the lowest level/ the bottom

Vocabularies for numbers:-


In terms of fraction In terms of percentage In terms of proportion
  • A tiny fraction (2)
  • Almost a quarter (24)
  • Exactly a quarter (25)
  • Roughly a quarter (26)
  • Nearly a third (34)
  • Around, just under, exactly, over a half
  • Nearly, just under, exactly, just over, well over three quarters
  • 2 %
  • 2 percentage
  • 2 per cent
  • A tiny portion, a very small proportion
  • A minority, an insignificant proportion. A small minority, a small portion.
  • A large proportion. A significant majority, A significant proportion
  • A very large proportion

 

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