Phrasal Verbs with B

  • back away|Retreat or go backwards|The crowd BACKED AWAY when the man pulled a knife.|1
  • back down|Retract or withdraw your position or proposal in an argument|She refused to BACK DOWN and was fired.|1
  • back into|Enter a parking area in reverse gear|He prefers to BACK his car INTO the garage.|_
  • back off|Retreat|The police told the protesters to BACK OFF.|1
  • back out|Fail to keep an arrangement or promise|He BACKED OUT two days before the holiday so we gave the ticket to his sister|1
  • back out of|Fail to keep an agreement, arrangement|She BACKED OUT OF the agreement at the last minute.|_
  • back up|Make a copy of computer data|You should always BACK UP important files and documents so that you won’t lose all your work if something goes wrong with the hardware.|1
  • bag out|Criticise|Don’t bag out BAG OUT Australian English.|_
  • bail out|Save, rescue|The government had to BAIL OUT the airline because it was losing so much money.|1
  • bail out of|Pay a bond to release someone from jail|I must BAIL my drunken brother OUT OF jail.|_
  • bail out on|Stop supporting someone when they are in trouble|Everybody BAILED OUT ON him when the scandal broke.|_
  • bail up|Talk to someone and delay them|I was late because he BAILED me UP on the phone and wouldn’t shut up.|_
  • ball up|Confuse or make things complicated|The new project has BALLED me UP- I have no idea what to do.|1
  • balls up|Spoil, ruin|He BALLSED the presentation UP.|_
  • bang about|Move in a place making a lot of noise|He’s BANGING ABOUT in the kitchen.|_
  • bang around|Move in a place making a lot of noise|I can hear him BANGING ABOUT upstairs.|_
  • bang on|Talk at great length|He BANGED ON for half an hour but no one was listening.|_
  • bang on about|Keep talking about something|He’s always BANGING ON ABOUT football.|_
  • bang out|Play a musical instrument loudly|She BANGED the tune OUT on the piano.|1
  • bang up|Put someone in prison|The judge BANGED him UP for eight years.|1
  • bank on|Count or rely on|I’m BANKING ON your help; I can’t do it alone.|_
  • bargain down|Persuade someone to drop the price of something they’re selling|I BARGAINED her DOWN to half what she originally wanted.|1
  • bargain for|Expect something to happen (usually negative)|I hadn’t BARGAINED FOR so many people coming.|_
  • bargain on|Expect something to happen (usually negative)|I hadn’t BARGAINED ON him coming.|_
  • barge in|Enter a place and interrupt|He keeps BARGING IN and asking stupid questions when I’m trying to work.|1
  • barge into|Enter a place and interrupt people rudely|They BARGED INTO my office without knocking and started talking even though I was on the phone.|_
  • bash about|Mistreat physically|If you BASH your monitor ABOUT like that, it won’t last long.|_
  • bash in|Break, damage or injure by hitting|The burglars BASHED the door IN to enter the house.|_
  • bash out|Write something quickly without much preparation|I BASHED the essay OUT the night before I had to hand it in.|_
  • bash up|Break, damage or hurt by hitting|They BASHED him UP in the fight in the pub last week and he had to go to hospital.|_
  • bawl out|Scold, shout at someone|She BAWLED me OUT for coming home drunk.|1
  • be after|Try to find or get|The police ARE AFTER him because of the theft.|1
  • be along|Arrive|The next bus should BE ALONG in the next quarter of an hour or so.|_
  • be away|Be elsewhere; on holiday, etc.|She’s AWAY on business for three weeks.|_
  • be cut out for|Be suitable, have the necessary qualities|She’s not CUT OUT FOR this kind of work.|_
  • be cut up|Be upset|She was very CUT UP about coming second as she thought she deserved to win.|_
  • be down|Be depressed|He’s BEEN DOWN since his partner left him.|_
  • be down on|Have negative feelings toward someone|After the argument, James is DOWN ON his boss.|_
  • be down with|Be ill|Gul is DOWN WITH some bug and is off work today.|_
  • be fed up|Be bored, upset or sick of something|I AM FED UP of his complaints.|_
  • be in|Be at home or at work|They ARE never IN; I always get their answerphone.|_
  • be in on|Be involved in|Susan was the only one who WASN’T IN ON the plan.|_
  • be into|Like|I AM INTO classical music.|_
  • be not on|Be unacceptable|The way he’s behaving IS just NOT ON.|_
  • be off|Be bad (of food)|This yoghurt must BE OFF; it smells foul.|_
  • be on|Be functioning (of machines)|The computer IS ON.|1
  • be on about|Mean, try to say|I couldn’t understand what he WAS ON ABOUT- it made no sense.|_
  • be onto|Pursue, be aware of someone’s true nature|He’s being very careful because he thinks the police ARE ONTO him.|_
  • be out|Be absent from a place|She IS OUT on a visit for the day.|_
  • be out of|Have no more left|We’re OUT OF coffee so I’ll have to go and get some.|_
  • be out to|Attempt|She IS OUT TO get him sacked because she hates him.|_
  • be snowed under|Have too much work|We’re completely SNOWED UNDER at work because it’s the end of the tax year.|_
  • be taken aback|Be shocked or surprised|I WAS TAKEN ABACK when I saw him because he’s lost all his hair.|_
  • be taken with|Like something|I WAS very TAKEN WITH the performance- it was superb.|_
  • be to do with|Be connected with|He said the meeting IS TO DO WITH a complaint.|_
  • be up|Be out of bed|She’s not UP yet.|_
  • be up for|Be enthusiastic about an upcoming event|ARE you UP FOR the climb of Mt. Blanc?|_
  • be up to|Be good enough|He’s not UP TO the job; get someone else.|_
  • beam up|Teleport, transport|BEAM me UP, Scottie.|_
  • bear down on|Move towards|She spotted him on the other side of the room and BORE DOWN ON him.|1
  • bear on|Influence, affect|The judge’s character may well BEAR ON the final decision.|1
  • bear out|Confirm that something is correct|Statistics BEAR OUT the government’s positions on the issue.|1
  • bear up|Resist pressure|How are you BEARING UP under the strain?|1
  • bear up under|Cope with something difficult or stressful|He’s BEARING UP UNDER the pressure.|_
  • bear with|Be patient|Please BEAR WITH me a moment while I finish this email.|_
  • beat down|Strong sunshine|The sun WAS really BEATING DOWN and we couldn’t stay outdoors.|1
  • beat out|Narrowly win in competition|The marathon runner barely BEAT OUT his rival at the tape.|1
  • beat up|Attack violently|The mugger BEAT him UP and stole his wallet.|1
  • beaver away|Work hard|She’s BEAVERING AWAY before her exams.|1
  • beaver away at|Work hard doing something|I have to BEAVER AWAY AT it or else I will fail the course.|_
  • bed down|Sleep somewhere less comfortable than normal|We had to BED DOWN on the floor for the night.|1
  • bed out|Move a plant outside|I BEDDED the plants OUT when the weather warmed up.|_
  • beef up|Make something stronger or more solid|The company BEEFED UP their case when they saw that the public wouldn’t accept their first explanation of the accident.|1
  • belong to|Be a member|He BELONGS TO a secret society.|1
  • belong with|Be in the correct or appropriate location with other items|Does this disc BELONG WITH those on the shelf?|_
  • belt out|Sing something loudly|They BELTED OUT the national anthems before the game.|1
  • belt up|Be quiet|She told the students to BELT UP because they were making so much noise.|1
  • bend down|Lower the top half of your body|I BENT DOWN to pick it up off the floor.|_
  • bend over|Lower the top part of your body|I BENT OVER to do my shoes up.|_
  • bend over backwards|Do a lot to try to help or please someone|I BENT OVER BACKWARDS for them and they didn’t even thank me.|1
  • big up|Exaggerate the importance|He BIGS himself UP all the time.|_
  • bitch up|Spoil or ruin something|I BITCHED UP the interview.|_
  • black out|Fall unconscious|He BLACKED OUT and collapsed on the floor.|1
  • blank out|Censor text so that words cannot be read|The email addresses were BLANKED OUT in the documents shown to the court.|1
  • blare out|A loud sound or music|The music was BLARING OUT and I couldn’t get to sleep.|1
  • blast off|Leave the ground- spaceship or rocket|The space shuttle BLASTED OFF on schedule yesterday.|1
  • blaze away|Fire a gun repeatedly|The shooters BLAZED AWAY at the pheasants.|1
  • bleed out|Cause sufficient blood loss to result in death|They BLED OUT their calves.|_
  • bliss out|Be extremely relaxed and happy|I BLISSED OUT on the beach all week.|_
  • block in|Park a car and obstruct another car|I couldn’t drive here this morning because someone had BLOCKED me IN.|_
  • block off|Obstruct an exit to prevent people from leaving|The police BLOCKED OFF the road after the murder.|1
  • block out|Stop light from entering or leaving|The trees BLOCK the sun OUT most of the day.|1
  • block up|Fill a space so that nothing can pass|The pipe’s BLOCKED UP and no water gets through.|1
  • blow away|Kill|He grabbed a gun and BLEW the police officer AWAY.|_
  • blow down|When the wind forces something to fall|A tree was BLOWN DOWN in the storm.|_
  • blow in|Arrive, sometimes suddenly or unexpectedly|He BLEW IN from Toronto early this morning.|_
  • blow off|Not keep an appointment|We were going to meet last night, but she BLEW me OFF at the last minute.|1
  • blow out|Extinguish candles, matches, etc.|She BLEW the candles OUT on her birthday cake.|1
  • blow over|When a scandal gets forgotten|The scandal BLEW OVER within a fortnight when the press found someone else to attack.|1
  • blow up|Explode|The bomb BLEW UP without any warning.|1
  • blurt out|Say something quickly without thinking, especially if you shouldn’t|I was really angry when he BLURTED OUT the secret.|1
  • board out|Arrange for pets to stay somewhere while you’re away|We BOARD our dog OUT with friends when we go abroad.|_
  • board up|Cover windows or doors with wood, metal, etc.|They BOARDED UP all the windows to stop people getting into the empty houses.|1
  • bog down|Slow make progress|Yasini got BOGGED DOWN in his research and didn’t finish the project in time.|1
  • bog in|Eat enthusiastically|We were starving and BOGGED IN when the food was served.|_
  • bog into|Eat something enthusiastically|They BOGGED INTO the lunch.|_
  • bog off!|Get lost|He lost his temper and told her to BOG OFF.|_
  • boil down|Simplify, reduce to the essentials|The report’s so long, I BOILED it DOWN into a two-page summary.|1
  • boil down to|Amount to|It all BOILS DOWN TO money at the end of the day.|_
  • boil over|When a hot liquid spills out of a container|I left the milk on the cooker and it BOILED OVER.|1
  • boil up|Feel a negative emotion strongly|The anger BOILED UP in me when I saw what they had done.|_
  • bolster up|Give support, reinforce, strengthen|We were all scared but she BOLSTERED UP our courage.|1
  • bone up|Study hard for a reason|I will have to BONE UP to get a good result.|1
  • bone up on|Study hard for a goal or reason|I need to BONE UP ON my French grammar for the test.|_
  • book in|Make a reservation in advance|I’ll BOOK us IN at the Intercontinental.|_
  • book into|Make a reservation in advance|I’ve BOOKED us INTO a hotel in the centre of town for three nights.|_
  • book out|Leave a place in a hurry|I don’t like the look of the people arriving- let’s BOOK OUT.|_
  • book up|Reserve|The flight’s fully BOOKED UP; I’ll have to go the following day.|1
  • boot up|Start a computer|He BOOTED UP the computer and started work.|_
  • border on|Be located next to a place|Portugal BORDERS ON Spain.|1
  • boss about|Use excessive authority to control people|She BOSSES everyone ABOUT.|_
  • boss around|Use excessive authority to control people|He BOSSES everyone AROUND.|1
  • botch up|Ruin or spoil something|I BOTCHED UP the whole project and it had to be cancelled.|1
  • bottle away|Store up|He kept his feelings BOTTLED AWAY.|_
  • bottle out|Lack courage to do something|She was going to tell her boss exactly what she thought, but BOTTLED OUT in the end.|_
  • bottle up|Not express your feelings|She BOTTLED UP her feelings even though she was furious with them and kept quiet.|1
  • bottom out|Pass the lowest point and start rising|The recession BOTTOMED OUT and the economy is recovering well.|1
  • bounce into|Force someone|They have BOUNCED the government INTO calling an early election.|_
  • bounce back|Recover|The economy is BOUNCING BACK from the recession.|1
  • bounce off|Test ideas|They BOUNCED ideas OFF each other in a brainstorming session.|_
  • bow down to|Show respect|They BOWED DOWN TO the queen.|_
  • bow out|Leave, quit|She BOWED OUT after ten years at the top.|1
  • bow to|Accept something, usually unwillingly|The government BOWED TO pressure and held the bill back.|_
  • bowl out|Hit someone’s wicket in cricket with the ball|He BOWLED the player OUT first ball.|_
  • bowl over|Surprise someone greatly|I was BOWLED OVER by the news.|1
  • box in|Prevent something from moving, especially vehicles|I was BOXED IN by the bus and couldn’t change lane.|1
  • box up|Pack things in boxes to move them|At the end of term, I BOXED my books UP and sent them home.|1
  • brace up|Feel more confident or optimistic about something|You should BRACE UP and stop worrying.|1
  • branch out|Move into a different area of business, etc.|The supermarkets have BRANCHED OUT into banking.|1
  • break away|Leave an organisation, usually to form a new one|The SDP BROKE AWAY from the Labour Party.|1
  • break down|End negotiations unsuccessfully|The talks between management and the unions BROKE DOWN acrimoniously.|1
  • break for|To go or run towards a place, especially when you are trying to escape|She had to hold him back as he tried to BREAK FOR the door.|_
  • break in|Go into a building to steal something|The burglars BROKE IN and stole the TV and video.|1
  • break into|Start doing something|He BROKE INTO a run when he saw the police.|1
  • break off|Break a piece from something|She BROKE OFF a square of chocolate and gave it to her dog.|1
  • break out|Start (war, conflict)|They’re worried that war will BREAK OUT.|1
  • break out in|Sweat heavily, develop skin sores or irritation.|The measles caused me to BREAK OUT IN a rash.|_
  • break out of|Escape|Three dangerous Category A prisoners BROKE OUT OF Wandsworth Prison last night.|_
  • break through|Pass a barrier or obstacle|The crowd BROKE THROUGH the police barriers and attacked the hunters.|1
  • break up|Break into many pieces|The plate BROKE UP when he dropped it on the floor.|1
  • breed out|Remove a character trait by controlling reproduction|They have not managed to BREED OUT their aggression.|_
  • breeze along|Move easily and quickly|The film BREEZES ALONG for the first hour, then becomes rather dull and slow.|_
  • breeze in|Enter a place quickly|He BREEZED IN and started shouting at us.|_
  • breeze into|Enter a place quickly|He BREEZED INTO the room and switched the TV on.|_
  • breeze through|Pass easily, succeed|She BREEZED THROUGH her exams.|1
  • brick in|Close or fill a space with bricks|We BRICKED IN the side window.|1
  • brick up|Close or fill a space with bricks|We BRICKED the back entrance UP.|1
  • brighten up|Improve (weather)|The day started cloudy but BRIGHTENED UP in the afternoon.|_
  • bring about|Make something happen|The changes to the law were BROUGHT ABOUT by the government because so many people were ignoring the old one.|1
  • bring along|Bring someone or something to certain place|You can BRING your friends ALONG if you like.|_
  • bring around|Persuade or convince someone|It took me ages to BRING him AROUND to my point of view.|1
  • bring back|Cause someone to remember|Visiting my old school BROUGHT BACK memories of when I was a pupil there.|1
  • bring down|Make a government fall|The vote of no-confidence BROUGHT the government DOWN.|1
  • bring forth|Produce something, make it known or visible|The prosecution BROUGHT FORTH a lot of evidence against him.|1
  • bring forward|Make something happen earlier than originally planned|The meeting has been BROUGHT FORWARD to this Friday instead of next week because some people couldn’t make it then.|1
  • bring in|Earn|The job BRINGS IN two thousand dollars a month.|1
  • bring off|Succeed with something difficult|No one thought she’d manage to do it, but she BROUGHT it OFF in the end.|1
  • bring on|Cause something to happen or speed up the process|Getting wet in the rain yesterday BROUGHT ON my cold.|1
  • bring out|Release or publish|The band are BRINGING OUT a new CD in the autumn.|1
  • bring out in|Cause a health problem or reaction|It was the lobster that BROUGHT me OUT in this rash all over my body.|_
  • bring round|Make someone wake up from unconsciousness or an anaesthetic|The doctors BROUGHT him ROUND a few hours after the operation.|1
  • bring up|Mention|They didn’t BRING the subject UP at the meeting.|1
  • brush off|Ignore, pay little attention|The minister BRUSHED OFF the criticism.|1
  • brush up|Improve a skill quickly|She took a two-week course to BRUSH UP her Spanish before she went travelling around South and Central America.|1
  • bubble over|Become very excited|She BUBBLED OVER with joy when she heard her exam results.|1
  • buck up|Hurry (either transitive or reflexive)|’BUCK UP – the taxi’s waiting.’|1
  • bucket down|Rain heavily|Take an umbrella; it’s BUCKETING DOWN.|_
  • buckle down|Start working hard, apply yourself|We had to BUCKLE DOWN and study for the exam.|1
  • buckle under|Accept something under pressure, against your will|They didn’t like the ideas, but had to BUCKLE UNDER or face the sack.|1
  • buckle up|Fasten a seatbelt|We were told to BUCKLE UP before take-off.|_
  • budge up|Move to make space for someone|We had to BUDGE UP to let the fourth person in the back of the car.|_
  • buff up|Clear, clean or make something shine|The silver candlestick looked lovely after I BUFFED it UP.|_
  • buff up on|Improve your knowledge quickly|I BUFFED UP ON my grammar before the test.|_
  • bug off!|Go away|I told her to bug off because she was annoying me.|_
  • bug out|Open your eyes wide in surprise|He BUGGED OUT when she turned up.|1
  • build around|Develop something on the basis of something else|You should BUILD your share portfolio AROUND long-term investments.|_
  • build in|Incorporate something from the beginning|We are BUILDING encryption IN at every level.|1
  • build into|Incorporate something from the beginning|Security has been BUILT INTO the project.|_
  • build on|Use something good to achieve more|We BUILT ON our early successes.|1
  • build up|Develop a company|She BUILT the business UP from nothing into a market leader in less than a decade.|1
  • bulk out|Make something bigger or thicker|I BULKED the essay OUT with a few quotes to reach the number of word required.|_
  • bulk up|Gain weight, develop bigger muscles|He’s BULKED UP a lot since he got those steroids.|_
  • bump into|Meet by chance|I BUMPED INTO Helen on the underground the other day.|1
  • bump off|Kill|The drug dealer was BUMPED OFF by a rival gang.|1
  • bump up|Increase|They BUMP UP the prices in the high season.|1
  • bundle off|Send someone somewhere|He BUNDLED the kids OFF to bed.|1
  • bundle out|Expel|The barman BUNDLED the drunk OUT because he was annoying the other customers.|_
  • bundle up|Put on warm clothing|We BUNDLED UP before going out as it was snowing.|1
  • bunk off|Not go to school when you should|I used to BUNK OFF school and go into town.|1
  • buoy up|Make someone feel more positive|After so much criticism, the positive review BUOYED him UP.|1
  • burn down|Burn completely|They had to completely rebuild the museum after the old one BURNED DOWN.|1
  • burn off|Remove by burning or similar process|I BURN OFF a lot of calories in the gym.|1
  • burn out|Lose enthusiasm and energy to continue in a demanding job|Jennie BURNT OUT after ten years working as a futures broker and went to live in the country.|1
  • burn up|Destroy completely by fire|All his possessions were BURNED UP in the fire.|1
  • burst into|Catch fire very quickly|The car BURST INTO flames and the driver died as he didn’t have time to get out.|_
  • bust up|End a relationship, usually angrily or after arguing|They BUST UP after a row last night.|1
  • butt in|Interrupt|I hope you don’t mind me BUTTING IN on your conversation, but I couldn’t help hearing what you said…|1
  • butt out|Not be involved in other people’s business|This is none of your business, so just BUTT OUT!|_
  • butter up|Praise or flatter someone excessively|I tried BUTTERING my tutor UP but she still wouldn\’t let me hand it in late.|1
  • buy in|Force a CD or record into the charts by buying lots of copies|Joe Meek’s last hit, ‘Singin’ the Blues’, was probably BOUGHT IN at number 40, but failed to go any higher.|1
  • buy into|Accept an idea|I never BOUGHT INTO the idea of a federalist Euopean Union.|1
  • buy off|Pay someone to stop them causing trouble|He BOUGHT the newspaper OFF by placing a lot of adverts.|1
  • buy out|Buy somebody’s share in a company|His business partners BOUGHT him OUT to get rid of him.|1
  • buy up|Buy all of something|We BOUGHT UP all the shop had before the price went up.|1
  • buzz around|Move quickly around a place|Reporters were BUZZING AROUND the scene of the accident.|_
  • buzz off|Leave somewhere|I’m BUZZING OFF now- I have to meet some people.|1
  • buzz off!|Leave somewhere|I’m BUZZING OFF now- I have to meet some people.|_

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