Professionals are leaving countries to work in developed countries

GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 200

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

An increasing number of professionals, such as doctors, engineers and teachers, are leaving their own poorer countries to work in developed countries.

What problems does this cause? What solutions can you suggest to deal with this situation?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Model Answer:

Nowadays, the brain drain has become an increasingly common phenomenon for developing countries. Every year, tens of thousands of significant human resources, like physicians, cooks, programmers, engineers and teachers, are migrating to rich nations in search of greener pastures. This essay will expound on the consequences of this trend, and then come up with the solutions.

The brain drain can impose at least three types of specific losses on the under-developed countries. First and foremost, the loss of innovative and skilled personnel often translates into the loss of their ideas for governance, productivity, and the benefits they would otherwise reap to their fellow citizens. Second, a significant portion of fiscal revenues is paid out for the cost of education. This means that the departure of highly educated persons then indicates an export of human capital in which the country has invested. Last but not least, the migration of key professionals makes the delivery of critical social services like education, mega infrastructure, and health care, more difficult. Thus, the brain drain debilitates poor societies.

Various steps need to be taken to stop the migration of talented personnel. In most cases, highly skilled professionals leave their homeland due to discrimination, poor salary structure and living condition. So the private sectors and the government should provide better job opportunities irrespective of race, ideology, religion and so on. That is to say that they should promote professionals on their merit alone. In addition to this, the government should also provide attractive salaries to well-qualified professionals based on their experience and qualifications. Last but not least, it can also invoke a program to ensure legal protection, modern amenities and rich working conditions.

To conclude, a growing number of highly educated manpower migrates from poor countries to advanced countries. Therefore, developing nations always lag behind. If we want to stop the brain drain, we will have to provide indiscriminate job opportunities, better pay scales and so forth.


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