Task 2 Essay Sample: Life and Ethics

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Some people believe that the best way of learning about life is by listening to the advice of family and friends. Other people believe that the best way of learning about life is through personal experience. Compare the advantages of these two different ways of learning about life. Which do you think is preferable? Use specific examples to support your preference.

From my everyday experience and observation I can stand that the best way of learning about life is through personal experience. However, some people think that it is wiser to learn about life through listening to the advice of family and friends. It does not mean I totally disagree with this way of learning. Moreover, I think that it is wise for a person to take an intermediate position because each of these ways has its own advantages. Bellow I will give my reasons to support my point of view.

From the one side, learning through one’s personal experience brings many benefits. First of all, scientists say that personal experience has greater impact on a person. I have to agree with this. Take for example children. They will not believe their parents that something can hurt them until they try it and make sure in it. Furthermore, most likely they 5 will remember this experience longer.

Second of all, people learn how to analyze their mistakes, make conclusions and next time try to avoid them. So, I think it is a great experience that makes people stronger, more self-confident and persistent. They gain more knowledge and experience that will be very helpful and valuable in the future. From the other side, listening to the advice of family and friends brings many benefits too. Parents with great patience pass down their knowledge and experience to their children. They teach them all they know and they want their children do not make the same mistakes. In addition to those practical benefits, learning from someone’s advice is painless. For example, parents nowadays very often talk to their children about drugs. I think it is a great example when one should not try drugs in order to gain new experience. I think it is a case when children must trust their parents.

To sum up, I think it is wise to combine both of these ways to learn and try to analyze personal mistakes as well as not personal. I think together they can greatly simplify one’s life and make the way to success shorter.

Some people prefer to help by making donations to local charities while some prefer to donate to national & international organizations. Discuss both measures and give your opinion.

 In the modern society charity has been institutionalized both locally and internationally. Through such organizations, helping our fellow citizens has become more convenient. Some make donations to local welfare bureaus and others to international organizations, like Red Cross. Both may be effective, but appeal to donors in varied ways.

Locally originated charities always have the regional advantage. Being founded and usually run by native patrons and administrators, these charities relate to the local needs and hardships easily. So, for those who want to help the needy and distressed within their immediate surroundings, local aid groups may seem to be the more nimble option. But this inseparably has drawbacks also. Occurrences and accusations of irregularities have long plagued regional aid agencies. Also, they are limited in outreach. Anyone wanting to be more globally philanthropic will not be helped much by them.

International aid agencies, like Red Cross, UNICEF, et al, on the other hand, have the universal edge. They operate in the war fields of Africa and shanties of India alike. So, they have the ability to transgress the goodwill of a local patron to world wide frontiers. But, being peregrine bodies themselves, sometimes international charities fail to relate and appeal to local people. Also, they may fail to perceive the intricate socio-economic ailments of a particularly exotic territory. This is no secret and often makes patrons uncomfortable. I have always believed that charities, both local and international, are effective and essential, and, thence, should coexist as viable options for all who care for humanity. Afflictions and catastrophes happen in different likes, and no single organization can be suitable to encounter all always. Situation, at times, demands the familial empathy of native charities, and, other times, wants the global expertise of international organizations.

It is, therefore, wise to conclude that choosing the basis of charities while making donations is a subject that must be understood in context and will always vary according to the unfathomable turn of time.

Some people think that hard work and determination are the keys to success in life. Some, on the other hand, think that there are other factors behind a successful life. Give your opinion.

To succeed in life the need for hard work and determination is undeniable. Of course the definition of success there is substantial improvement of one’s professional, financial, intellectual, or spiritual status. Often it appears that there had been other catalysts for success, like opportunity and guidance. But my belief is that, with enough perseverance and diligence all variables in the way of becoming successful may be neutralized.

A person, in education, career or soul searching, faces many hurdles, some barely discomforting and others disarming. That is surely beyond argument. Hence there should not be disagreements in saying, hurdles are called such because they require us to put in more effort than usual. The greater the hurdle is, the more effort we must put in. Drawing from this, success and the hard work – determination factor are positively related to each other. It is as irrefutable as mathematics. A contradictory point of view may project that the formulaic relationship between hard work – determination and achievement may be engineered by the opportunity and/or guidance one might get. That is reasonably agreeable. But such secondary factors can never become the primary. For example, it is commonly said that George W. Bush, the Senior, has been far more prolific, than his son is, in his military, bureaucratic, and political career, while it is evident that he had to diligently work his way up the ladder, from being a soldier to the fabled US White House. Mr. Bush Junior, on the other hand, had most of his way to the oval office already paved by the grace of his patron. Then it may be said that Bush Sr. worked harder than Bush Jr. did, and we all are spectators of their discriminated rapport, as humans and as leaders.

Therefore, I conclude here that, though some secondary factors sometimes may influence the dynamics of success, achievement of it solely depends on hard work and determination.

Some people prefer to spend their lives doing the same things and avoiding change. Other; however, think that change is always a good thing. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Recently, a common tendency has aroused that we should rather repeat their daily actions than let a variety of events occur in lives. Many believe that they can reduce plenty of/a lot of risks by following this idea whereas others claim that changes avoidance is never a wise choice. From my perspective, I am wholly in favour of the latter for some specific rationales.

On the one hand, it is believed that staying unchanged helps/assists humans in some respects concerning danger confrontation or effort loss. Supporters of this idea explain that they are too afraid and lazy to cope with such obstacles and fluctuations in their lives. Instead, they are more likely to keep things from variation which might result in perfect peace and stability. Moreover, avoiding changes also brings several benefits regarding the prevention of risky situations. For example, some people refuse their opportunities of further promotion in their career due to the fear of stress or career damage.

Conversely, I would fully argue that the advantages of taking chances and varying our lives completely beat its trivial downsides. Firstly, stepping out of the comfort zone allows people to accept challenges and gain loads of valuable experiences which will empower and strengthen us. Firstly, stepping out of the comfort zone allows people to accept challenges and gain loads of valuable experiences to become tough, which is highly essential and advantageous in this modern society. For instance, employees with heavy confidence and willingness to become distinctive and take huge chances tend to be the ones who achieve the most in a company. Secondly, people who adapt to lives packed with changes will probably be filled with more happiness than others. It is sure that if repetition can be eliminated from our daily activity, we will lead more meaningful lives and will no longer be bored and frustrated.

 In conclusion, while changes avoidance appears to be a safe and stable choice, I strongly believe that not only does this idea hinder people from success but also lower their power.

Do you think how important it is for people to want success in life? Is ambition a positive or negative characteristic?

Most people work their best every day with the aim of being successful. While some ideas suppose that this statement has a negative effect on their lives, the opponents of this think that success is vital in some ways.

There are many benefits that success brings to life. Firstly, demanding success is a motivation that helps people to live to the fullest. As they set a significant goal, they will work hard and invest/allocate all of their efforts into approaching the target. Secondly, being successful, people can do anything they want thanks to high/large/sufficient income and countless opportunities such as traveling and volunteering to help disabled people. For example, Bill Gates, who is one of the most successful businessmen, decided to raise fund to help the homeless and the poor by providing them with shelters and food. However, success does have some adverse/detrimental/damaging impacts. Fighting against difficulties and temptation is not easy when pursuing success. Therefore, some people may misunderstand the meaning of success and look for easy paths. For instance, there are many young children getting into illegal actions because they want to earn more money.

Besides, being successful may make people become selfish and greedy. As they attempt to attract more attention and achieve greater things to ensure the achievement/gain/triumph, they will push themselves and become apathetic with people around them such as families of friends. In spite of gaining the highest position of the goal, people may suffer loneliness and sadness in their entire life.

In conclusion, although gaining success may lead some people to a wrong way, especially for adolescents, it helps to make life become more meaningful.

It is sometimes said that people should be encouraged to get married before they are 30, as this is best both for the individual and for society. Do you agree or disagree?

Many people believe that marriage should be taken before the age of 30. I totally agree with this statement as I think that early marriage has both personal and social benefits. Firstly, starting a family on the edge of turning 30 will help couples to settle down early. As a result, instead of wasting their time on youngster’s activities such as playing video games all day or going to clubs every night, they will focus on working more to earn a better living. In addition, delivering a child between the age of 25 and 30 will prevent both mothers and babies from diseases such as pregnancy diabetes or Down syndrome. According to many types of research, the rate of complications of pregnancy increases when women give birth after the age of 35.

Secondly, delaying marriage will cause a danger to the development of the economy due to a reduction in the number of working labor. In the developed countries, the old population is increasing as people tend to enjoy their single life longer without having a baby. For example, the growth rate of the Japanese economy is continuously negative because of a high proportion of elders in the country. Besides, encouraging people to embark on early marriage and parenthood will help to develop a healthy generation who will play a vital role in the future of the society.

In conclusion, people should be urged to get married before the age of 30 as doing so will bring irrefutable benefits to every single couple and the society as a whole.

People naturally resist making changes in their lives. What kind of problems can this cause? What solutions can you suggest?

The whole world varies from day to day so many people attempt to intermingle into modern-day life while some people tend to avoid changing anything about their life. In this essay, I will point out some adverse effects as well as methods of addressing this problem.

Undeniably, people who resist making changes could face several aftermaths in their work, study and social life. Firstly, they might encounter difficulties in life since they cannot catch up with the real life. For example, if a worker resists changing to use a smartphone at work, he cannot complete his task effectively whilst others using modern mobile can finish it quickly and easily. Secondly, people who resist making changes in their bad habits could have troubles with their development as well as the relationship with others. For instance, impatient officers will deter themselves from promotion and worsen the relationship with others because of their resistance.

In terms of measures, family, friends and each individual all have responsibilities for dealing with this problem. Generally, family and friends perform the most vital role in helping people who are afraid of making changes. Parents, siblings or friends could talk to those people and encourage them to try some new things that will make their life better. Moreover, each individual also should challenge themselves by starting to change their TV program, hairstyle, or even their job which they have ever thought of. All those little things could help them lose the fear of making changes.

Overall, resistance to change sometimes makes people’s lives get worse so people should raise their own and other’s awareness about this issue to tackle the problem and catch up with the variation of the world.

Some people think that the teenage years are the happiest times of most people’s lives. Others think that adult life brings more happiness, in spite of greater responsibilities. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

People tend to favor a particular duration of their lives. While some people enjoy their teenage times due to the freedom and youthful lifestyle, I would prefer to be a financially independent and freely adult.

On the one hand, being an adolescent can be fascinating and exciting. Teenagers do not need to worry about earning for their livings as their parents are responsible for that. They are provided with food and necessities without worrying about getting paid in the next month or being fired from their jobs. As a result, they can enjoy life much better compared to adults. Moreover, as teenagers are still in the age for school, they are exposed to different interesting activities. Unlike grown-up who spend most of their times at the workplace, students can not only study but also attend lively activities such as scouting, camping or joining various competitions.

On the other hand, an adult has more opportunities and freedom to engage in any activity they want. This is because they can earn for their own livings and are more financially independent; hence, they can do their own judgments on how to use the money. In addition, as an adult, they do not necessarily need permissions from the parents for anything. If they want to venture a business, it is up to their own ability to do so without constrains from anybody.

To sum up, being a teenager or an adult has its own excitements. However, I would believe adults can achieve much more of their desires due to their financial ability and freedom.

Module 2

A number of individuals believe that the happiest times of people’s lives are teenage years while others think that despite greater responsibilities, adult life brings more pleasure. Both sides have their own reasons to think so.

On the one hand, teenage times are supposed to bring about more happiness because they do not have to worry about earning a living or being tired of solving financial problems. Besides, they are taken care of by their parents, who are always willing to protect them from wicked people and bad things from the world outside. Little do the complex and competitive life touches the teenagers. Moreover, when people are at their teenage, they have more free time hanging out with friends and enjoy a carefree life. Moreover, this is the stage teenagers do not have to take great responsibilities like adults, they can enjoy life full of joys, dreams, and vision.

On the other hand, adulthood is happier in others’ opinion. They think the best times are when we live independently, have freedom and do whatever we want. We can earn money by ourselves, buy anything for our parents, and take care of our family. We will be more responsible and be able to learn many new things, gain much experience on social skills which we do not have many chances to learn at school. Consequently, adulthood will make us become more mature and we will be a good member of this society.

In conclusion, both teenage years and adulthood bring different kinds of pleasure. For me, I prefer my teenage years studying and hanging out with my friends, having good memories and being a light-hearted girl.

Some people say that friends are more important than family in today’s world; others say that family is always more important. Write in support of one these views. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.  

The question of which human relationships are more important than one another is rather debatable. While some are of the view that friends are of more importance than family, I totally disagree with this point of view. To begin with, it is undeniable that friendship plays a vitally integral part in our modern lives. Firstly, people would be in trouble if they did not have any friends in life. In other words, friendships are helpful for them to stimulate their study or career development. By way of illustration, students who find it difficult to understand the lecture could ask for help/support from their peers and they will usually receive a quick response if they have a good relationship with that person. Secondly, it is evident that people might comfortably share their emotions with friends rather than family members in some cases, especially, for teenagers. This is because at that age they tend to escape from their parents’ influences.

Despite the aforementioned advantages that friendship brings, I strongly believe that family always is more crucial for various reasons. Initially, friends can come and go but family always stays with you, even in the most difficult situations. For example, one of my friends, Minh, went bankrupt due to the economic recession in 1997. Some of his friends left him after that. Fortunately, thanks to his family support, he now gets over that hardship. More importantly, it is true that most parents devote their own lives to make their offspring a sense of fulfillment, even when they are mature enough and move out. Therefore, there are no reasons to say that family bonds are not more vital.

In conclusion, although some people argue that friends play an important role in their lives, it seems to me that family bond is more crucial than friendship is.

Stress now is a major problem in many countries around the world. What are some of the factors in modern society that cause this stress, and how we can reduce it?

Stress is becoming an increasingly common phenomenon in our modern society. People face up the problems which we did not cope with in the past. There are some main factors which lead to stress and some proposed solutions which can help.

Firstly, the issue of terrorism that we are constantly confronted with in the media is one the main factor causing stress. Whether it is real or not, we are led to believe our lives are constantly danger, when we are be flying on the plan or travelling on the public transport. Climate change is another worry that everyone has to face. The rise in temperature could result in not good impacts on our way’s life and our children too. There are also health issues to be concerned in the past, with the rise in Alzheimer, diabetes, and stroke to narrow but few. All of these concerns can result in stress.

Tackling this problem will not be easy but there are measures that can be taken. Government and media can play their part by ensuring that instead of persistently bombarding with negative image and information about the world in which we live, we are given positive story too. Doing exercises regularly is another solution which can release stress from the exhausted condition. By practicing physical exercise, it can help to bring more oxygen to your brain and lung; relaxing your mind and the stress will be removed by this way.

In conclusion, stress is considered as a common problem in our modern society caused by many reasons such as terrorism, climate change, and strange diseases. Addressing the problems consequently need the contribution from government, media and each individual for physical exercise.

Some people believe that it is good to share as much information as possible in scientific research, business and the academic world. Others believe that some information is too important or too valuable to be shared freely. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

One of the most controversial questions today is whether the contents of documents about science, business or academy should be granted or it should be limited because of their preciousness. In this essay, I am going to examine this question from both points of view and then give my own opinion on the issue.

On one side of the argument, there are people who argue that the benefits of sharing that kind of information considerably outweigh its disadvantages. The main reason for believing this is that being well known by the general public who might apply them to different fields makes those researches more practical. It is also possible to say that sharing them can contribute to the development of society because others are likely to create a new invention or strategy based on knowledge of those works. One good illustration of this is university seniors who write a thesis in their fourth year. They normally read information from prestigious researches to find ideas for their own thesis.

On the other hand, it is also possible to make the opposing case. It is often argued that in fact, some information is so priceless that its sharing has to be controlled. People often have this opinion because it is a good way to show respect to the owners, anyone who wants to apply their works has to ask for permission. A second point is that secrets are acutely important in some cases. A particularly good example here is in business. If the companies reveal their strategy, it will have a detrimental impact on them such as increasing competition with their opponents.

In my opinion, both propositions/assertions have their merits. On balance, however, I tend to believe that sharing is better. Therefore, other people can give comments or contribute to making the origins more perfect.

Happiness is considered very important in life. Why is it difficult to define? What factors are important in achieving happiness?

It is true that happiness plays an important role in our lives and it is different from one to another. In my opinion, there is a wide range of reasons about this complex definition and there is a plenty of elements to help humans obtain happiness.

The most effective line of reasoning about this definition is that happiness is an abstract concept. Therefore, each person has his own different happiness in each period of life. Since people live in different situations, they are affected by different factors, namely living environment, family, friend, relationship and even knowledge, so each of us has a different awareness of what happiness is. For example, with patients, their happiness means that they can soon recover from the diseases, come back to their homes with healthy bodies. With students, their happiness could be scholarship, as they want to receive the awards of school in order for their families to be proud of them, and their friends will admire their achievements.

At the same time, there is a variety of factors to get happiness. Firstly, it is perseverance. That means people need to keep their beliefs in order to go to the end of the road. As in order to obtain the achievement, people must suffer lots of challenges so when overcoming the difficulties, they understand the value of happiness. Secondly, people need to learn how to give deference to others, especially in the family relationship. For example, husband and wife should know how to listen and share the difficult problems at work; hence, when they release the stress, they will feel comfortable and happy.

 In conclusion, it seems to me that happiness is an indispensable element in humans’ lives. Therefore, in order to get happiness, people need to become optimistic in all situation.

Team activities can teach more skills for life than those activities which are played alone. Explain the benefits of each and give your own view?

There are many activities which develop basic skills for life. While many people believe that teamwork is the best way to gain many skills, others support playing alone as this approach also brings a lot of benefits for life. I admit that group activities train people well / provide people with decent training, but I also understand that being alone has its unique advantages.

Teamwork is well-known for giving people the chance to practice leadership skill which is essential for success. Almost all the millionaires in the world are the talented leaders who manage and are responsible for hundreds of people. Besides, team activities simulate real social life in which close interactions among team members are the key points leading to fair compromise and good results. Team members learn to propose their suggestions, practice negotiation and try to persuade the whole team to come to the common ideas. Therefore, lots of social skills are acquired after joining team activities.

On the other hand, people who play on their own possess other precious skills. First, they have the ability to pay attention to only one field of interest and figure out the difficulties easily. One (small) example supporting this view is that a child playing a puzzle alone can fix it faster than a team. Generally, when it comes to solving problems, these kind of people are more decisive and independent, thereby devising solutions rapidly whereas a team needs time to discuss and vote for a decision. Second, working alone enables people to acquire good selfdiscipline and effective time management which are necessary skills of professional persons. In the modern life where problem-solving skills are highly required, people who can work independently are highly appreciated and get plus point.

In conclusion, both kinds of activities have their own merits. I am of the opinion that whether people join team activities or work and research alone will be of benefit to their self-growth to a certain extent/in some aspects.

It is generally believed that some people are born with certain talents, for instance for sport or music, and others are not. However, it is sometimes claimed that any child can be taught to become a good sports person or musician. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

The question of whether or not the ability in sport or music is mostly innate rises heated debates. From my point of view, although talents play an essential role, children could become a successful athlete or musician through adequate training and practice.

First of all, talents have a significant contribution to people in the fields of music and sport. The most striking reason is that children are born with special abilities to own a stronger starting point in comparison with others to develop their capacity. Specifically, they can learn new knowledge faster as well as make impressive performances at a young age, which allows them to climb faster on their career ladder. The second reason comes from an undeniable fact that sport or music requires several distinctive abilities to succeed. For instance, a good musician desires for sensitive ears to feel the rhythm, while only people who have good health or strong endurance could become competitive athletes. Without these significant abilities, people may not reach their highest potential even when they spend much effort to practice hard. Despite all the advantages/benefits of inborn talents, practicing and training can still contribute to one’s success as athletes or musicians. Firstly, a talented person will lose their advantages without practicing, thus will lag behind compared to other hard-working people. Talents can provide a good base but not the confirmation of a bright future, especially in the field of art or sport.

Secondly, despite the obstacles of lacking talents, people could learn and practice intensively in a logical schedule to become a master in any categories. One of the best examples of the advantages of working hard is Cristiano Ronaldo, a worldclass footballer, who gained a variety of trophies in soccer leagues. He is known as the one who practices more frequently than any other soccer players, which allows him to have the strength as well as the unique skills to achieve the victory.

Overall, though innate talents are significant, training and practicing also make the differences and create the success of outstanding musicians and sports people

Model 2

Nowadays, there are many disputes about abilities of people. Some people think that children have certain capacities when they are born while others say a child can be good at something if they are taught. Personally, I believe that whether people already have talents or not, hard practicing can make them professional.

It is unquestionable that some people are born with certain talents, which are advantages for them to develop better than others. In fact, musical prodigies naturally have abilities to feel melody that they can sing a song exactly after the first time listening. For example, a seven-year-old kid can play fluently one difficult piece of music while he does not have any knowledge about music previously. Moreover, people having talents in sport are often born with fast physical response, substantial body and endurance. For instance, basketball athletes are usually tall so that they can play easier than the short ones.

On the other hand, children can be taught to become a good sports person or musician because it is generally believed that practice makes perfect. Obviously, normal people will become a good musician if they learn and practice hard. For example, a kid can sing beautifully when he sings hundred times. In addition, children may also be good at sport if they receive sufficient knowledge such as the special techniques as well as skills. Take football, for example, learning how to control the ball with confidence may help kids to be good players.

In conclusion, it is lucky for people who are born with certain talent as they have beneficial basic to develop. However, effort and practice are also brilliant ways to be professions.

Model 3

It is widely argued that there are innately gifted musicians or sportsmen as opposed to others who can never excel in sports and music even if being trained from the early stage of their lives. While each view has its own reasons, I personally believe that excellence in sports or music requires both inborn talents and serious training.

To begin with, there are a certain number of individuals who possess special talents since they are born. These people are endowed with incredible abilities which bring about significant advantages in sports and arts. While a layman may desperately struggle to compose a simple song or to learn how to swim, gifted people are able to learn to perform a particular skill in an extremely short amount of time. Consequently, they could produce outstanding results in these areas and the road to victory would be more widely opened to them than to normal people. However, it is unquestionable that any child can be taught to practice arts and sports to a certain extent. That is perhaps one of the reasons why a large number of countries make these disciplines compulsory in their teaching curricula. With intense training and practice, children would be allowed to develop their artistic or sports skills later in life.

Apart from the aforementioned points, I would argue that no genius can last/can be retained without practice. On the one hand, some people may possess special talents since they are born. Nonetheless, without a suitable environment or proper training, it is likely that their talents will remain hidden for the rest of their lives. On the other hand, people without talents can only learn to be proficient but not excellent, hence they cannot be taught to become outstanding artists or sportsmen despite professional training or restless effort.

 In conclusion, my view is that not every child can be trained to become excellent artists or sportsmen, but gifted people also need training and practice to be successful in their areas.

Model 4

The belief that talent for music or sports only appears in certain individuals has recently caused controversial arguments. Many people believe the statement is quite true, but others claim that anyone with hard practice can become such experts. From my perspective, I am wholly in favor of the latter for a number of specific reasons.

On the one hand, a lot of winners in sporting and dancing competition is perceived as natural ability. Indeed, adults invariably attribute gifts and champions to born scholars which discourages them and holds them from investing in themselves. For example, Michael Phelps, who surprises the world with his incredible talent for swimming, was born with an immensely vigorous body suited for doing sports. Moreover, people with special abilities also shows a more flexible and excellent performance than others. Evidently, guitarists having shorter fingers will have to restrict to a certain number of chords unlike those with longer fingers who can efficiently diversify and advance their ways of play.

Conversely, I would strongly argue that if there are factors like huge efforts and great confidence and all humans are able to accomplish just as good as talented people do. Firstly, if hard work combines with such firm commitment, any athlete is believed to achieve great things beyond expected. There is a lot of examples of disabled people who have won their tough lives and become sports professionals. Secondly, once normal humans have accurate sources and thorough training, they might even perform many times better and easier than those with natural skills. Apparently, accessing the right materials or consulting advice from such experts help us with a clearer mind and better instructions in any fields. For instance, a singer with born angelic voice could never be compared to the one who has a deep insight into notes and pitches.

All things considered, while it often appears that more famous champions belong 503 to talented artists and athletes, sustainable confidence and work will bring about unexpected flying results.

Some people like to do only what they already do well. Other people prefer to try new things and take risks. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

Different people have different personalities in that there are those that allure trying new facets and taking risks while others prefer security or stability in their life. Personally, I strongly favour the preference of the first view because of the following reasons.

`To begin with, I strongly believe that the optimal things of discovering new things and seeking new challenges are to fortify experience as well as resolve situation skill in your work and life merely. My inherent character is to be interested in adventure, in other words, I always endeavour to find out or adapt to any new environment because in doing so, by going through the mill in the exploration process, I can practice valuable characters such as patience, hard work, or the way to deal with difficult dilemma. For example, in the first time I have taken part in part-time jobs, there are a lot of job opportunities for me as a tutor, waitress, or freelancer translator. Particularly, I gave up tutor job with high income, to raise myself/mount myself the challenge of being a waitress for the purpose of trying new facets and being ready to accept risks. From this experience, I gradually would be mature, always bravery to face complicated problem in the near future.

To look at it from a different perspective, people who hold an opposite view consider that “walk on the spot” or “stick usual habit” are the best ways to learn/grow up in their life. They point out that it is time-consuming to change something or it is vulnerable to suffer risk from changes. Stability is the first criteria in their work or lives as well. However, this belief has the detrimental side which is that you cannot make progress without changing and taking the risk. Being willing to try new things does not mean to be willing to take/accept failures.

In sum up, while it is true that it is a good way to keep unusual habits, I believe that risk would be the important key for you to undergo challenges and become more mature in your life.

In modern society, it has been observed that the elderly are not duly respected in some countries. Discuss the reasons why this has occurred and the effects it might have on our society. In

this day and age, it seems that the young do not show enough respect for the elderly in many nations. This essay will outline three reasons for this issue and two negative effects on our society.

First, old people are often conservative in terms of adapting to the modern society. For example, they often believe that stable jobs in state-owned companies are a better choice rather than encouraging the young to become entrepreneurs or interfere in the social circle of younger generations. As a result, young people may find their attitudes relatively/fairly/deliberately offensive. Second, many old people do not have their private pension after retirement; consequently, they become their family’s burden. Third, children are not socialized to understand fully why they should respect their seniors, so they often pick a quarrel with the elders, such as their grandparents.

Therefore, two impacts of this problem on our society are the threat of decreasing social values and the lack of well-rounded labors. Firstly, a number of old people have made significant contributions to the community; for example, Mrs. Cuc, an 80-year-old woman, who is the owner of Ba Nhat Bamboo Rattan Cooperative, which is a world-renowned handicraft company, has created a thousand jobs for many young generations for over 37 years. In this way, it is unfair to say that the elders are useless, and the public morality standards would decline. Secondly, there are quite a few/a number of employment positions/roles that are specially designed/suitable for old people – jobs that call more experience than physical power, hence the qualified elders can contribute more to the society at present time.

Thus, it is a waste of the valuable human resources for the society if we look down on the seniors. In summary, I believe that people, especially the young, should respect and learn the wisdom from the elders. By doing this, we can altogether build a better and happier world

Success in formal “pen and paper” examinations is often seen to be a sign intelligent. To what extent do you agree with the view that formal examinations measure intelligence?

There is no doubt that formal examination is a common measurement to evaluate the capacity of students. In my perspective, I strongly believe that not only formal examination can measure intelligence, but also learning process is able to assess accurately the ability of pupil. At the outset, I concur with this belief that “pen and paper” testing will figure out competency.

During the whole academic year, students will prove their intelligence by flying colors in the exam. To reach good results, they have to learn industriously from researching documents to doing small tests with the aim of reviewing every corner of knowledge. Thanks to hard work, their potentiality can be taken account perfectly.

To look at it from a different side, formal examinations is insufficient to measure the cleverness. It depends on all studying process that they demonstrate in the entire year. I expect to give a salient instance; a student always makes efforts to do every test in this time before examination happens. Almost teachers assume that he is perfect and perhaps the last testing is not a huge wall for him. However, because of health or family problems, he cannot overcome this exam in the best way. At this time, these teachers may not criticize that he is a bad student. Therefore, personally, to evaluate the potentiality, let us consider all aspects of students.

To put it in a nutshell, the competency of students is not simply based on the outside of “pen and paper” testing, the inherent capacity also plays an indispensable role in the evaluation process.

Model 2

In my view, both formal “pen and paper” exams and a range of other measures can be applied together to promote assessing students’ result.

On the one hand, it is clear that formal “pen and paper” tests can certainly encourage students to be more studious. This is because those examinations require scholars to spend much time to study books and references, meaning that they will have significant academic knowledge after graduating. Moreover, by doing writing practices, students have to learn how to arrange their ideas in logical orders. This leads to the gradual improvement in their logical thinking which is necessary to have a successful career in the workplace.

On the other hand, I believe that educational assessment should be changed to suit modern society. Firstly, education /institutions/ examining candidates would try to use online tests to examine candidates, especially in distance training. As a result, these universities will have more students and save more money than when they perform “pen and paper” examinations in the previous viewpoint. For example, in order to hold a final test by using the internet, the university just needs a program to send and control student’s exams and do not need more teacher to manage and mark the tests. Secondly, practical tests are very useful for all students in many aspects of work and life, which means students would have a more practical approach to their job. Because companies nowadays tend to hire workers who have solid practical experience. For- instance, in order to be a hotel manager, one is required to finish his training courses, which are not in “pen and paper” exams.

In conclusion, although “pen and paper” tests can have positive impacts on assessing education achievement, I believe that the alternative methods should be applied to adapt to the modern world.

Nowadays, more and more people to have children later in their life. What are the reasons? Do advantages of this outweigh disadvantages?

It is true that after marrying, much more couples have a tendency of delaying giving birth until later in their life. This trend may be the result of some notable reasons. In addition, while I accept that there are several drawbacks, I think these are outweighed by the benefits.

There are some reasons why young people want to delay/postpone childbirth. Firstly, having babies later give the young countless opportunities to enjoy their lives. It is clear that they could have more time to step out of their comfort zones to discover interesting things such as taking up sports, switching between different jobs to find the one which may be right for them. As a result, they are more likely to not only have diverse experiences of life but progress rapidly in their career. Another factor that causes people to be unwilling to have babies is their employment status. In fact, the job market is becoming more and more competitive, leading to the higher unemployment rate. Consequently, they need to concentrate on their work to maintain their position in the company, which means the neglect of parental role.

On the one hand, there are some drawbacks of this trend. The first disadvantage is the risks of suffering from potential health problems or even death, especially with those who are pregnant after 35 years of age. Furthermore, having babies later has negative impacts on their future offspring, resulting in Asperger of babies. On the other hand, I believe that there are great advantages to be gained. They could avoid being overburdened with looking after their offspring during the hectic time/schedule to prepare for their professional career. Moreover, they would have the chance to enjoy themselves with their passions such as learning how to play musical instruments or doing whatever they want before embarking on parenthood.

In conclusion, there are several reasons why young people want to delay childbirth. I would argue that the benefits of this trend have more than compensated for the drawbacks.

There are a number of different forms of communication and one such form is body language. In what way is body language a form of communication? What others ways do people communicate with each other?  

To most people, language speaks for itself and the meaning of language lies in the words and sounds itself. However, in my opinion, a language goes beyond its literal meaning and delivers different messages as situations change/ Effective communication relies not only on wording, pronunciation and sentence construction but also on physical gesture and facial expressions.

It is undeniable that body language is a useful form of communication in many circumstances/ The movements of the body also have a bearing on the forming of a language. Besides, there are other approaches to communicate to with each other. Physical nonverbal communication, or body language, includes facial expressions, eye contact, body posture, gestures such as a wave, pointed finger and the like, overall body movements, tone of voice, touch, and others. There are two cases in which people mostly use body language. Firstly, two people/ residents/ citizens from different countries must express their thoughts by moving parts of their body in case of not speaking any mutual language. Obviously, movements of body play an integral part in transferring unspoken words and thoughts in mind to foreign partners without saying any words since these motions are as simple and understandable as possible.

Secondly, people with physical disabilities such as the deaf or mental disorders like autistic children have to use body language in daily communication to convey messages and information that cannot be performed verbally. In schools for the disabled, a universal set of sign language is developed to help not only incapacitated learners communicate to each other but also normal people understand them. That set is mainly exercised by hands and really a helpful tool in giving opinions, exchanging information, and even expressing feelings without any sounds. Besides body language, verbal and written communications are used daily. It is the fact that oral communication is the most common form of communication by which only human beings, among other species living on Earth, can exchange information with their counterparts. Each nation has its own language but they may learn other foreign languages to commune when moving to other countries. Last but not least, correspondences such as letters, emails, transmittals, and facsimiles are making valuable contributions to communication at work as well as in daily 39 life. For instance, companies build their own written communication system to ensure that information is fully conveyed to all employees. They can be expressed in visual through visual aids such as signs, typography, drawing, graphic design, illustration, color and other electronic resources. Technological developments have made expressing visual communications much easier than before.

In conclusion, there are a number of circumstances in which people derive benefits from using body language in terms of cultural exchange and language ability. In additions, humans can opt for (using) other methods/means of communication, verbally and non-verbally.

Whether or not someone achieves their aims is mostly by a question of luck. To what extent do you agree or not agree.

Many people argue that someone’s success is attributable to luck instead of their own hard work. However, I totally disagree with this opinion.

 First, I do believe that being successful requires determination and huge effort. For example, Thomas Edison had continuously failed hundreds of times before inventing a variety of creations, in which the light bulb is the most popular invention. Without his infinite patience and diligent work, the scientist could not possess many different patents which remarkably influence our daily life. Another case of success through determination and passion is Steve Job, who kept pursuing his dream despite being kicked out of his own company. Passion and persistence led him to spend thousands of hours coding and experimenting to finally create a new operating system which strongly/significantly changes the world of technology. Therefore, passion, determination, and hard work are the key traits to succeed, which illustrates a greater importance than luck.

Second, luck only makes a modest contribution to someone’s achievement. For the student who prays every night to pass the exam, there is very little chance for him to complete the test perfectly without any study or review. At least, the student has to study hard on some key issues and luck does the last if the question in exam relates to what he has known. However, in lottery case, it is undeniable to say that luck is purely the reason turning one person to an overnight millionaire. However/ Nevertheless, the nearly zero percent of probability to win a lottery clearly proves that luck only comes by a small chance and cannot be the key point added to the success of everyone.

In conclusion, I completely disagree with the idea that it’s all the matter of luck to succeed as there are other more important factors including passion, determination, and hard work. 304 words

Model 2

People’s opinions differ as to whether or not luck is the main reason why people achieve successes, not by their efforts. In my opinion, while I believe that luck is important in some cases, I would argue that diligence is the most important factor leading to success.

On the one hand, luck occasionally helps people surmount difficulties or even achieve success. People born in wealthy families can have more opportunities to access better education or have money to fulfill their dream. As a result, they effortlessly get ahead in their life. Furthermore, there are some natural capacities that make people become more special than those who are not such lucky. For example, Ronaldinho, a Brazilian professional footballer, was known for his techniques and creativities since he was very young. However, I believe that the most crucial element of success is hard-working.

Firstly, people will not reach their target if they do not put determination as the strictly essential factor. Determination does not only strengthen motivation, but also founder more practical initiative. Secondly, the more training people undergo, the more professional in this major they can get. Jack Ma, a Chinese business magnate, who lacks natural talent but still created his own opportunities through practicing English and relentlessly pursuing his dream; now, he is one of the world’s most influential businessmen as the executive chairman of Alibaba Group.

In conclusion, I still accept that luck is a mysterious element that sometimes brings success to people, but hard-working leading to success is the absolute law of our whole life.

Many people choose to work or live abroad because of the higher standards of living they can find outside their home country.  Do you think this brings more advantages or disadvantages to the people who follow this path?

In recent decades witnessed an increase in the proportion of foreign settlement, raising many questions of safety and integration.  Although the ideas of potential drawbacks appear to be reasonable, I think living abroad will pay dividends.

On the one hand, there is a myriad of benefits when it comes to living abroad. First, Residing in another nation is conducive to the liberty from the rigid laws and social norms. For example, Homosexual individuals in Russia have a propensity to move to other European countries because Homosexual intercourse means capital punishment. Second, the Foreign residence is invariably associated with higher opportunities of experiencing a more progressive and standardized learning environment. This means would act as an incentive for their acquisition of academic and empirical knowledge, promoting their career prospects with better social status.

On the other hand, there are some potential problems pertaining to working or living in a foreign environment. First, Individuals moving abroad themselves could be highly sensitive to homesickness and nostalgia. This psychological disorders would discourage their desire for integration, increasing the likelihood of isolation from the locals outside. In addition, the foreign settlement could culminate in the issues of cultural clash due to religious beliefs. For example, Some Islamic refugees are susceptible to racial discrimination and even physical battery due to the prejudice that Islamism is the cause of terrorism.

In conclusion, despite the ideas of safety and assimilation difficulties, the foreign residence would offer a better living standard in terms of liberty and education prospects.

249 words

Some people think that it is best to live in a horizontal city while others think of a vertical city. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

The idea that, whether dwelling in horizontal areas or in vertical ones is more beneficial, remains a source of controversy. While some individuals say that they prefer living in horizontal central, I would argue that it would be better to reside in high-rise building areas.

On the one hand, a horizontal city has its own notable merits. Firstly, the service expenditure in their accommodation is not as costly as in the vertical city. On account of the fact that the security charge or elevator fees will not be included if they reside in merely a double-storied building. Secondly, it is widely acknowledged that each person is capable of extricating easily from emergency cases such as fire, construction collapse and avoiding elevator accidents. Furthermore, the comfortable and roomy living space in vertical centrals makes a major contribution to render an enjoyable life that helps to release their stress and strain.

On the other hand, I strongly believe that living in vertical cities is much more advantageous. The first benefit is that vertical areas can resolve the issue of accommodation shortage due to the population explosion in metropolitan centrals. As a matter of fact, there are more and more multi-story apartments where hundreds of civilians could experience the co-habitant environment in lieu of solo-dwelling in separately private houses which will account for a great deal of the residential area. Another benefit is that a wide range of goods and services such as rental offices, shopping malls, coffee shops are associated together in many skyscrapers in a ubiquitous way. For instance, a considerable number of apartments in Ho Chi Minh City are utilized not only for residential property but also for commercial purposes as supermarkets or gymnasiums, listed as some examples, which will create the convenience for dwellers at the max rate.

In conclusion, it seems to me that it is better to live in a vertical city because of some outstanding points although other people insist on preferring a horizontal central.

Model 2

Some people that it is best to live in the horizontal city while others think of a vertical city. Discuss both views and give your opinion. In terms of accommodation, many people prefer to settle in a horizontal city while others opt for a vertical one. Although there is evidence on the benefits of cities with low buildings, I believe living in ones with high constructions is a better choice.

On the one hand, the reasons why a horizontal city is viewed as a suitable arrangement are varied. Firstly, low buildings provide accommodation for people with low income. Since residents do not have to pay much for building services such as maintaining or repairing, the expenses of living in separate houses are more affordable than incorporated apartments. Secondly, living in low constructions is considered a safe option. When emergencies occur, the survival rate in low buildings is always higher and there is also less damage than in high constructions since it is easier to escape as well as to be rescued when living close to the ground.

On the other hand, it seems to me that dwelling in the city with skyscrapers is the best choice. The first reason is that high buildings always bring about better living conditions. They are well-decorated, more modern, more convenient and luxurious services are also offered. Furthermore, there is a multitude of different forms of entertainment provided in tall constructions including shopping center, game center, cinema or gym. Another advantage of skyscrapers is that there will be more space for public usage owing to the reduction of lands used for residential areas, which results in the availability of other facilities such as hospitals or schools.

In conclusion, while living in a horizontal city are undeniably beneficial in some extent, I would argue that the advantages of a vertical city are even greater, which makes it a better place to live.

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