Task 2 Essay Sample: Technology

Use of Machinery has increased and physical labour dropped at large. What are the positive and negative effects of the above phenomenon?

the advent of the 21st century, technology has leaped to a level that was unimaginable only even 50 years ago. It was not too long ago that computers took up the size of an entire room; now, however, we have PDA(Personal Digital Assistant) that we can fit comfortably in our pockets! This dramatic progress of technology has meant that many aspects of our lives are becoming automated and the necessity of physical labor is rapidly dwindling.

This phenomenon has diverse effects, including both positive and negative ones. The increased use of machinery has many beneficial effects. Firstly, if a job is performed by any random person, the possibility of human error is quite high; whereas, all jobs performed by machines are going to be flawless assuming that they are programmed properly. Next, comes the differences of time- our most valuable asset. Naturally the same job performed by a particular person will not always take the same amount of time. Depending on his stamina, a person can complete a job quickly or move at a snails pace.

On the other hand, the same job performed by a machine will always take the same amount of time and no inconsistencies will be seen. The decrease of usage of physical labor has some downsides as well. As machines take over tasks previously carried out by humans, unemployment rate will increase giving rise to poverty and even starvation for many families. Also, usage of machines for complicated jobs will mean that large sums of money will be required to setup these machines in the first place. This will undoubtedly create a strain on the overall economy of a particular country and this may lead to a decrease in the standard of living in the short run.

Clearly, the increased use of machinery has some positive effects. However, we must remember where to draw the line so as to ensure that we do not have to suffer from its detrimental effects.

People attend both work and personal calls through mobile phone anytime of the day. What are the positive and negative effects on social and individual life?

The citizens of the global village are expected to be mobile, freely transient over space, and always connected, wired to the world-wide communication chain anywhere anytime. Thence, mobile phones have become part and parcel of our everyday life. Many consider cellular phones as perfectly proper, if not essential, as a round the clock business and personal tool, others question such unrestricted usage. All have their justifications.

 The basis of mobile phone’s popularity, surely, has always been the uninterrupted scope for being “connected.” What cell phones have given us is freedom to roam while being within the secure bond of modern communication. The manufacturers and service providers of mobile communication devices have enhanced the portability of communiqué to the degree of virtual extremity. And, we, the users, have embraced this advancement and have magnified our professional and social life to freely reach both sides of the meridiem. Unrestricted mobile communication has enabled us to live life to the practically fullest.

The flip side of the coin presents a different picture. While cell phones keep us connected, they remain as the autonomous usher of intrusion, to privacy and solidarity of individuals. It is also common, everyday, to see the decorum of distinguished environments being violated by ringing cell phones and people talking over them. So, mobile communication devices, which are meant to be ideally personal communication devices, are often the means of public disturbance. The unavoidable human tragedy is all our endeavors end in toxic byproducts. The best innovations have all too frequently caused the worst incidents. Mobile phones are beneficial, no doubt, but have been inarticulately used, if not abused, to the point of attrition.

 Thus, the reasonable conclusion, of the argument for and against the unrestricted usage of mobile phones, to be made is that the goodness of it is subjective and is reflective of the likeness of the users’ intentions.

We are becoming increasingly dependent on computers. They are used in business, crime detection and even to fly planes. What things will they be used for in future? Is this dependence on computers a good thing or should we be more suspicious of their benefits?

Computers play a crucial role in many sectors of our lives. They are used for many purposes and in various fields such as education, business, medical facilities, government offices, airlines, environment, crime detection, and so on. There is no doubt that thanks to computers, everyday life is easier for us because of their huge advantages. This essay will discuss the benefits of using computers.

Firstly, people who are is using the computer perform different tasks more quickly and easily. The use of the computer also saves time, efforts and reduces the overall cost to complete a particular task. For example, once you have a basic understanding of using a word processor, you can create, edit, store, share and print documents. This job was impossible or much slower with all pre-existing technologies. Additionally, computers allow organizations, hospitals, universities, offices, and companies to organize all of their information and files efficiently. The ability to store a large amount of data on a computer is convenient and inexpensive and saves space.

Secondly, connecting a computer to the internet brings other power benefits. By using the computer, you can have access and get all information, valuable resources about anything. You even can enroll online courses from famous universities around the world. Moreover, you can do online shopping by sitting at your home or watch videos, entertainment programs on websites. Furthermore, businessmen are using computers to interact with their customers anywhere in the world or market their products.

In conclusion, we are living in a technological era and computers become the essential need for people. To my knowledge, without the computer, people are hard to accomplish their targets.

Early technological developments brought more benefits and changes to people’s lives than the recent technological developments. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

It is true that some people believe early technological developments have more beneficial effects on human life than the recent ones. I completely disagree with this idea because both of those have equal significant positive impacts on people’s life.

In the one hand, early technological developments changed the way we live a lot. Firstly, many inventions make human life more enjoyable and soothing. For instance, television is a bridge to access the word of knowledge due to unlimited sources of information. This device brings the best comedians, musicians, and actors into our homes and that is the best way to relax. Secondly, this development revolutionized and facilitated the methods of communication. Mobile phones were considered as a scientific breakthrough which allows people to keep in touch with each other in a far-flung place regardless of the geographic barrier.

In the other hand, recent cutting-edge technological developments are beneficial for some reasons. The first reason is that the extent Internet access changes daily lives of people, and makes them more and more convenient than before. For example, shopping online through a computer connecting to the Internet enables individuals to buy a wide range of applications and services without traveling to shopping centers. The second reason is that people could be shielded from detrimental ailments thanks to the recent technological advancement such as integrating robot into labor-intensive tasks. In fact, there are many scientific studies that suggest that workers in dangerous working sites such as nuclear power have a tendency to suffer from cancer diseases.

In conclusion, while people can receive a variety of powerful effects from the early technological advancements, I do not believe that they totally outweigh the recent ones.

Some people believe that people who prefer books can develop more imagination and language skills than those who prefer to watch TV. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

The past 50 years have witnessed a downtrend of reading books and a significat increase in the number of using media, especially television. Some people state that TV could bring many values to viewers, others believe that reading book can improve your imagination as well as language skills.

From my perspective, I agree with the latter view with the following reasons. First of all, there is no doubt that reading was a traditional culture thousands of years ago. Since the first book was made, humans have used books to record everything such as knowledge, historical events or even both myths and fairytales. Thus, when reading a book, we could develop our imaginations and language skills by both content and characters. To be more specific, languages in most books are formal and literate than spoken language shown on TV.

In addition, written materials contain not only valuable lessons but also the writer’s attitude forward a problem that can boost reader’s language ability and critical thinking. On the other hand, watching differs greatly from reading in terms of developing imagination. TV program offers beautiful movies with special effects so it makes viewers feel interesting. Gradually people who watch TV all day long will lose the tendency to imagine. Unlike watchers, readers build their world of imagination through words and phrases written in the books. This is the reason why many parents these days allow their children to watch TV no more than couples of hours a day and spur them to read books in order that the children can grow up mentally.

In conclusion, I believe that people can gain more benefits when reading books, compared with watching TV programs.

Some people think watching television is bad for children in all ways. Others say it is good for children to get knowledge. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

There is heating argument around the matter of whether watching TV benefits or harms children. While many parents believe that watching television may bring some drawbacks for their children, others believe that it will be beneficial to their children’s knowledge.

From my perspective, television is playing an essential role in a child’s development at the moment. First of all, there are a variety of reasons why watching television may harm children. Firstly, when spending too much time on TV, children will suffer from some health problems such as diminishing their eyesight and having obesity because of their sedentary life. Besides, if children watch too many vicious scenes, they will imitate and become more violent because they have not developed enough social skills to distinguish between reality and the on-screen world. Secondly, a child who just likes watching cartoons instead of studying lessons is likely to perform poorly at school. In addition, students will not focus on lessons since they may stay up late to watch TV which will lead to inadequate sleep.

On the other hand, some other parents believe that watching television is advantageous to their children’s knowledge. First, by watching educational or scientific channels, children will broaden their awareness of life and science around them. For example, Wild Animal Programs on TV, which does not only help children to further understand the world of animals, it also aids them how to protect these animals. Furthermore, students can learn and improve their English skills via some English channels on TV such as international music programs, Hollywood movies, and American or British game shows. By doing this, they can speak English fluently over others without watching TV.

To sum up, it seems evident that watching television bears many benefits but exerts a barrage of disadvantages in children’s life. Personally, whether it is a pros or a cons depends on the way their parents’ management and control.

Using a computer every day can have more negative than positive effects on young children. Do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

It is an undeniable fact that nowadays there are a number of youngsters who use computers on a daily basis. Although I agree that there are some drawbacks to this trend, I believe that there are far more benefits.

To begin with, the main downside of the trend towards computer use is that there are some health-related problems for young people. Obviously, being consistently glued to the screen will cause computer users eyestrain. It is scientifically proven that it will also make these children become more distracted in their daily work if this situation happens constantly/persists over a long-term period. Furthermore, it is a waste of (precious) time when spending a great deal of their time only (on) playing the computer instead of engaging in physical activities. This will soon result in the sedentary lifestyle. Therefore, many parents usually argue that using a computer have negative effects on their offspring.

Despite the aforementioned negatives, I would argue that experiencing the computer is a positive development for various reasons. Firstly, cutting-edge technologies encourage children to use their free time to broaden their horizons through interactive software. Gradually, they could get into the habit of selflearning. Many children have shown to make a positive progress towards language learning by utilizing Internet resources such as YouTube in their leisure time. Secondly, the Internet gives children countless opportunities to create a network of virtual friends who have something in common. Through social media like Facebook, youngsters nowadays make friends more easily than (ever) before.

 In conclusion, while I recognize the possible disadvantages of using the computer, I consider it to be a positive aspect overall.

Some people claim that public museums and art galleries will not be needed because people can see historical objects and works of art by using a computer. Do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

It is commonly believed that art exhibitions and museums will not be necessary as historical items and paintings can be seen by people through the use of computers. While this perspective may suit many people, it is my view that museums and art galleries still offer rewarding experiences to visitors.

To begin with, some people might prefer to see displays of paintings and historical items by using a computer. The main reason for this is that computers have provided convenient accessibility for the society. For instance, many people can appreciate and admire well-known masterpieces of famous painters such as Picasso owing to the use of the internet. Not only does the internet provide images and pictures of renowned artworks and historical objects but it also offers immediate information to viewers. Consequently, people are more likely to use the computers to find information about artworks and items rather than going to the museum or art galleries.

 In spite of the aforementioned points, museums and art galleries are still popular in modern societies. This is because people may gain a more rewarding experience when visiting a museum or art gallery. For example, admiring the display of famous artworks in a gallery might give people a sense of tranquility and peace. Even though it might be inconvenient for some to visit a gallery or a museum due to transport fee, they can have more realistic experience that a computer cannot offer. Hence it is more enjoyable to observe and perceive the significance of artworks and artifacts in real life rather than pictures on the internet.

To conclude, it is true that a computer can assist people conveniently seeing artworks and historical items, but this is by no means a replacement of museums and art galleries.

 

MODEL ESSAY1:

Information technology has drastically changed the way we enjoy historical sites and artworks. Some individuals, thus, believe that it is unnecessary to keep them in the future as they can probably be seen through any high-tech devices. Personally, I strongly disagree with this statement.

To begin with, public museums and art galleries are doubtlessly beneficial to our society. They can remind us of what happened in the past as well as the development progress of art over time. I still remember how emotional I was when I visited the Military War Museum of Vietnam for the first time and through this visit, what was immensely instilled in my mind is how brave our previous generations were. In addition, these sites normally attract a large number of tourists given their historical and art values. As such, if people let them disappear, there would be various dramatic impacts on the local community, especially for the profit of the tourism industry and the preservation of local history and culture.

It is undeniable that people today can possibly see these sites and obtain related information just with a click of mouse. Numerous people have chosen onscreen viewing of these places given their limited budget for tourism. However, the subsequent feelings gained could not unsurprisingly be compared with those when visiting such places in person. For instance, individuals would get a sense of reality and more insights on these sites which are unlikely to be achieved without seeing them in real life.

 In conclusion, public museums and art galleries pertain various historical, cultural and economic values, and therefore, should be preserved for the sustainable development and diversity of our modern society. 276 words

MODEL ESSAY2:

It is widely argued that there is no role for public museums and art galleries in the 21st century as people can see exhibits and artworks on the Internet. While it is true that countless people are using computers to access historical objects and works of art, I believe that the artistic bodies like museums still play an indispensable part in the modern world.

On the one hand, there are several reasons for people to assert that the role of museums and galleries will gradually be eliminated. Firstly, with numerous technological advancements, individuals nowadays are allowed to visit and explore art spaces without stepping out of their houses. A good example of this is the invention of google earth or virtual reality glasses, which enable people to enjoy different scenes and precious historical objects vividly in three dimensions. Secondly, an increasing number of galleries and artists are posting their works on online platforms such as Facebook, Instagram with the hope to reach a wider range of audience, leading to the decline in demand of visiting museums or galleries for seeing artworks.

On the other hand, I would argue that artistic organizations are still beneficial in various ways. One explanation is that they provide people with aesthetic experiences that are virtually impossible to be replaced merely by sitting in front of the screen. The prominent and deft displays of objects in exhibitions associating with the chances to interact with artists in person create unique emotions and long-lasting feelings for visitors. In addition, cultural spaces like public museums still take the lead in educating people about the importance of art, as well as preserving historical items in order to hand over these heritages to future generations.

In conclusion, it seems to me that public museums and art galleries still result in a wide variety of benefits for people and they will by no means be terminated in contemporary society.

Information technology is changing many aspects of our lives and now dominates our home, leisure and work activities. To what extent do the benefits of information technology outweigh the disadvantages?

In recent years, the profound impacts of Information Technology are believed to cause the domination in home and daily activities. Many feel that this development has brought about significant convenience and benefits, whereas others claim that information technology is without its great number of drawbacks. From my perspective, I am in favour of the former for some reasons.

On the one hand, it is an undeniable fact that since the introduction of information technology, humans have started to become increasingly reliable and lazy. For example, more and more children choose to stay indoors and watch TV rather than going out and exploring new things. Furthermore, parents begin to abandon the habit of reading newspaper and articles due to a variety of Internet news websites. As a result, this reliability in long term might cause serious eye diseases and even increase the risk of obesity.

On the other hand, there is no doubt that the advantages of technology have made life far beyond easy. First, a great deal of time and money is saved due to the convenience of information technology. For example, it is truly clear that one a computer can replace tons of papers or with only one click we can find exactly what we want without traversing anywhere. Secondly, circulation has been made comparatively quicker thanks to this information evolution. Therefore, in case of an emergency like unexpected disasters, announcements could be made in time for every family to prepare for.

All in all, besides a small number of its disadvantages, information technology has proved to become a success since its birth. Above all, people should be smart to use this wonderful invention in order to avoid unwanted abuses.

Genetic engineering is an important issue in modern society. Some people think that it will improve people’s lives in many ways while others say it is negative. Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

People have different views about the practice of manipulating the genes of organisms. While I accept that genetic modification can sometimes exert positive effects in a myriad of ways, I believe that it is more likely to create harmful impacts.

On the one hand, the practice of genetic engineering can be beneficial from the scientific perspective. Firstly, scientists may use its achievements to deal with many medical problems like incurable diseases so that humans can consequently live longer and healthier. For instance, scientists have recently researched the benefits of genetic modification in eliminating cancer cells. Secondly, this could be valuable for farm production in agricultural countries. By using these technologies, crops will grow more quickly and are more resistant to insects and diseases, which makes more profit to farmers.

On the other hand, I would argue that these benefits are outweighed by a load of drawbacks. The first One is that there are massive matters of ethical concerns about human’s genetic engineering. This would against the nature order and, as a result, be unacceptable in many religions and then lead to the erection of an impassable barrier between consumers and transgenic products. Furthermore, there is a potential for future health problems when we consume genetically modified food. In reality, such food is being questioned in many countries as there are too few fundamental researches on their side-effects so that they can produce subtle and long-term effects which haven’t been identified.

In conclusion, it seems to me that the troubles surrounding the process of modifying genomes are more significant than the possible benefits.

In modern society, it is possible to go shopping, work and communicate via the Internet without face-to-face contact with one another. To what extent do you think this is a positive or negative development?

There is a growing trend towards integrating cutting-edge technology into a number of daily activities, and interpersonal communication has been increasingly replacing. While this development has been fraught with pitfalls, I believe the advantages would outweigh these drawbacks. There exist some potential disadvantages when we are exposed to computers on a regular basis. In fact, nowadays, people have a tendency to be over-reliant on technology and in-person interaction seems to disappear. Therefore, the enhancement of communicative skills would be marginal, which has a myriad of adverse impacts not only on adolescents at school but also adults at their workplace. In addition, the likelihood of being addicted to technology could escalate/ascend due to the excessive exposure to a computer monitor. As a result, people would be prone to have a sedentary lifestyle, which leads them to conduct many dangerous diseases, especially obesity or heart-related physical issues.

However, superseding real interaction by technology would bring about more merits. First, since the accessibility to the Internet has been widespread around the world, people could take advantage of useful applications serving a lot of purposes to save their time. For example, instead of spending a great amount of time on going to department stores, people now have the ability to opt for services and goods at home thanks to the presence of free shopping apps. Second, the replacement may act as a contributor to the alleviation of traffic congestion in a wide/significant number of urban areas because of the lower rate of participating in transportation. The implication of this is that individuals could also economize on fuel expenses and travel costs and make use of such money to boost their wellbeing.

In conclusion, while some consider applying technology into our social life a negative development, it is my belief that technology has played an indispensable role in our lives and offered remarkable advantages/virtues.

Scientists predict in the near future cars will be driven by computers, not people. Why? Do you think it is a positive or negative development?

Recent decades have witnessed an increase in the number of vehicles with the self-driving feature, having been assisting human beings in a wide range of jobs. Likewise, many researchers anticipate that computers will shortly replace mankind to control cars in the future. This development pattern could be attributed to many reasons and I strongly believe that this replacement will definitely bring a number of benefits to the human race.

There are several reasons why future cars will be operated by computers. The main reason is that repetitive work like driving a car should be controlled by machines. Without controlling cars, people will have more time in their cars to do many other things, such as reading or chatting. Without controlling cars, people will have more time in their cars to do many other things, such as reading or chatting, which is a valid/reasonable point. Furthermore, with the development of computer science and technology, in fact, we have created many types of selfdriving vehicles, and this invention can be easily applied to manufacture autonomous cars driven by computers.

From my point of view, this advancement in transportation methods has more advantages. First of all, it is quite economical for people to use cars driven by computers rather than human drivers. The cost to maintain a computer is likely far lower than to hire a driver in modern times when the salary for a person increases every year that is not required on a computer. Secondly, unlike humans, computers can drive cars continuously for a long time. As a result, calculations indicate that the expenditure for moving is less than expected. Moreover, computers can manage cars accurately, smoothly, reducing significantly the number of accidents on the streets. Last but not least, now air pollution on streets has striking effects on human health; nevertheless, this problem can be mitigated by using self-driving cars to reduce time on the roads.

In conclusion, this commuting pattern could come from many factors in terms of no physical effort and advanced technology, and it seems to me that this transformation will be extremely valuable for humanity.

Some people argue that teaching children of different abilities together benefits all of them. Others believe that intelligent children should be taught separately and given special treatment. Discuss both views and give your own opinion?

There are opposite ideas about the issue of whether children with their own competence should study in the same class for the sake of supporting each other or be separated to just focus on their strong point. In my opinion, I am more inclined to the later one owing to the outstanding benefits it brings to.

On the one hand, one fundamental advantage of teaching children of dissimilar capacities together is helping them to gain enormous knowledge of several domains because children are only taught something regarding their main subjects and they seem to ignore other things, which results in some foreseeable difficulties for their lives afterward. For example, my cousin studies well all subjects at school, especially mathematics. However, after being sent to the class which majors in natural science subjects, his understanding of history or literature becomes increasingly limited and he meets many challenges/obstacles in the exams of social subjects. Besides, there are different learning level students in a class, children who study better will help other little intelligent ones make more progress in study.

On the other hand, advocates of the view of separating children based on their ability to teach have their own justification. Children would find it motivational/motivating to study favorite subjects, which brings efficiency in education and greatly contributes to the cultivation and development of actual talented individuals for the countries in the future. For instance, children will become a talented singer if they are trained carefully when their competence is discovered during childhood. Moreover, it would be flawed to opine that intelligent students only pay attention to their field because of the fact that they are curious learners and know the way of arranging an appropriate time to study other things.

In conclusion, in spite of the apparent virtues of a class mixed with different competencies, I am still more convinced that children’s talent should be aimed at instead of wasting too much time learning trivial things because this might ensure children’s ability to grow comprehensively.

More and more people think there is no need for printed paper newspapers. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

It is true that the use of printed newspapers has been increasingly declined. While some people believe that printed newspapers are no longer needed, I totally agree with this point of view.

On the one hand, there are some certain advantages of using printed newspapers. Firstly, traditional newspapers seem to be a more reliable source when compared with online news. Online fake news often makes readers confused and cause adverse impacts on society. Secondly, some news websites contain viruses which are harmful to user’s devices when they connect to those poison links. Finally, reading printed newspapers encourages people to become less dependent on advanced devices which contribute to some serious health problems for users. For example, keeping their eyes glued to the computer screen for a long time is linked directly to some disorders such as eyes strain and headache.

On the other hand, it would be much more convenient for people reading online articles. With the development of technology, almost everybody owns advanced devices such as smartphones or laptops. Furthermore, the Internet is growing rapidly all over the world, which enables an increasing number of people to access easily to the Internet everywhere from their private houses to the public places. Thus, people do not need to go to a newsstand to get a printed one. In addition to that, the online news usually contains videos which are much more attractive to readers than traditional newspapers. Besides, readers can express their thoughts and discuss their ideas by posting their comments on every article. Therefore, online publishers would understand more about the expectations of readers.

Finally, by reading news on the Internet, people are helping to protect the environment. Billions of trees are being cut down each year for the production of the printed newspaper. Hence, the more people read digital newspapers, the less they damage to the environment. In conclusion, while printed newspapers are still worthwhile to some extent, I would argue that people will soon no longer need to use them.

Over the past few decades, technological appliances have increasingly become common features in class context, many people worry that this may lead to the disappearance of traditional educators.

Over the past few decades, technological appliances have increasingly become common features in class context, many people worry that this may lead to the disappearance of traditional educators. In my opinion, I totally disagree with this assertion.

Nowadays, using digital devices is in vogue. Technology allows students to be more independent in their learning. Students can download the lectures that are posted on their school’s website so that they can read whenever they want with a comfortable feeling and have a flexible timetable. Furthermore, information technology in education gives learners more chances to study in groups and to construct a wide communication.

However, it is undeniable that the role of teachers is still essential in class because there are numerous tasks that machines cannot conduct such as explicating, supervising and encouraging students. When some students get bored of learning new things or when they have a misleading in what they learned, teachers will play a role as a facilitator helping students to acquire understanding towards a certain issue and handle the questions given by the teachers. Besides, students can also learn some social skills and other useful lessons from teachers who have abundant life experience and high pedagogical skills. Another advantage of using educators is that students will be put under supervision when their results have signs of going down or when, more terribly, they are getting bogged down into society’s vices.

In conclusion, people do not deny completely the role of technology and educators. However, it is clear that people will certainly need educators in class and we should combine these two aspects in a reasonable way.

Some people think that robots are very important to human’s future development. Others think that they are dangerous and have negative effects on society. Discuss both opinions and give your personal view.

There is an argument about the impacts of robots on human life. Many people value the importance of robots whilst others consider robots as a potential danger to human civilization. From my perspective, despite some negative aspects, the role of robots is extremely important to the development of human‘s future.

On the one hand, it is undeniable that the emergence of robots brings human society several drawbacks. These days, many companies have utilized/have been utilizing robots as an effective alternative labor source due to their ability to work without resting and salary. This leads to a considerable increase in the rate of unemployment, especially for low-skilled workers. Moreover, taking advantage of robots excessively causes people become more dependent and lazier, which can result in the risks of some diseases such as obesity or diabetes. Last but not least, robots are also regarded as dangerous weapons because of the potential of intelligence and unlimited fighting.

On the other hand, the contribution of robotic technology to the advances/advancement of human civilization is indispensable. Because of working with high accuracy and efficiency, using robots in manufacture helps raise the productivity rate, reduce the price of products and enhance the quality of life. Therefore, it is obvious that robots are saving humans from a future of inflation and low living standard. In addition to this, with the support of robots in daily life, people will have more time relaxing and spending with their families.

Finally, robots play an essential role in research and discovery on the account of the fact that they can perform harsh tasks in inaccessible environment that people cannot approach. With all reasons mentioned above, I would like to conclude that the advantages of robots undoubtedly outweigh their disadvantages because of their important contribution to the development of human beings in the future.

Model 2

Some people think that robots are very important to human’s future development. Others think that they are dangerous and have negative effects on society. Discuss both opinions and give your personal view. There is an argument about the impacts of robots on human life. Many people value the importance of robots whilst others consider robots as a potential danger to human civilization. From my perspective, despite some negative aspects, the role of robots is extremely important to the development of human‘s future.

On the one hand, it is undeniable that the emergence of robots brings human society several drawbacks. These days, many companies have utilized/have been utilizing robots as an effective alternative labor source due to their ability to work without resting and salary. This leads to a considerable increase in the rate of unemployment, especially for low-skilled workers. Moreover, taking advantage of robots excessively causes people become more dependent and lazier, which can result in the risks of some diseases such as obesity or diabetes. Last but not least, robots are also regarded as dangerous weapons because of the potential of intelligent and unlimited fighting.

On the other hand, the contribution of robotic technology to the advances/advancement of human civilization is indispensable. Because of working with high accuracy and efficiency, using robots in manufacture helps raise the productivity rate, reduce the price of products and enhance the quality of life. Therefore, it is obvious that robots are saving humans from a future of inflation and low living standard. In addition to this, with the support of robots in daily life, people will have more time relaxing and spending with their families. Finally, robots play an essential role in research and discovery on the account of the fact that they can perform harsh tasks in an inaccessible environment that people cannot approach.

With all reasons mentioned above, I would like to conclude that the advantages of robots undoubtedly outweigh their disadvantages because of their important contribution to the development of human beings in the future.

Many employees may work at home with the modern technology. Some people claim that it can benefit only the workers, not the employers. Is it a negative or positive development?

In the modern world, with the help of technology advancement, there is an increasing number of employees who are allowed to work from home. While there are several drawbacks to organizations which offer remote jobs, I would argue that this prevalent movement usually offers more advantages. On the one hand, working from home is unattractive to some business bodies and individuals for several reasons.

One of the primary concerns is that this trend may cause some difficulties in evaluating employee’s productivity. In some particular types of business, it is remarkably challenging for managers to measure their members’ performance if they are not able to directly supervise staff’s activities. Furthermore, remote workers generally do not engage in many face-to-face interactions and group activities, leading to the lack of teamwork spirit, and reducing the sense of connection with their colleagues and companies.

On the other hand, there are a variety of reasons why working at home is extremely pervasive nowadays. Firstly, it could help employees to save a great deal of time and expenses involving commuting to work. With flexible working hours, they would obtain better work/life balance and feel more fulfilled professionally. Secondly, working from home generates a suitable environment for better concentration, resulting in higher levels of outcome and service. Finally, organizations who offer remote jobs also have minimal office areas and decreased operation costs, which in turn benefit the businesses themselves.

In conclusion, it seems evident that working from home is a positive development for both employers and employees who adopt this innovative change.

Model 2

In the modern world, with the help of technology advancement, there is an increasing number of employees who are allowed to work from home. While there are several drawbacks to organizations which offer remote jobs, I would argue that this prevalent movement usually offers more advantages.

On the one hand, working from home is unattractive to some business bodies and individuals for several reasons. One of the primary concerns is that this trend may cause some difficulties in evaluating employee’s productivity. In some particular types of business, it is remarkably challenging for managers to measure their members’ performance if they are not able to directly supervise staff’s activities. Furthermore, remote workers generally do not engage in many face-to-face interactions and group activities, leading to the lack of teamwork spirit, and reducing the sense of connection with their colleagues and companies.

On the other hand, there are a variety of reasons why working at home is extremely pervasive nowadays. Firstly, it could help employees to save a great deal of time and expenses involving commuting to work. With flexible working hours, they would obtain better work/life balance and feel more fulfilled professionally. Secondly, working from home generates a suitable environment for better concentration, resulting in higher levels of outcome and service. Finally, organizations who offer remote jobs also have minimal office areas and decrease operation costs, which in turn benefit the businesses themselves.

In conclusion, it seems evident that working from home is a positive development for both employers and employees who adopt this innovative change.

It is suggested that everyone wants to have a car, a television and a fridge. Do the disadvantages of this development for society outweigh the advantages?

Nowadays, most people would like to have a car, a television and a fridge. While some people believe this is a positive development, I would agree with those who think this trend brings more disadvantages than advantages.

On the one hand, it is undeniable that those pieces of equipment are beneficial in certain ways. Firstly, they make humans’ life more convenient. To be more precise, while fridges provide a favourable environment to keep food fresh longer, televisions entertain people through various programmes such as films, variety shows, and cars which are armed with various facilities such as comfortable seats, CD players contribute to enhancing travel experience of their users. Secondly, people might be motivated to work harder to afford those advanced technologies so that the productivity will be boosted; thus, the economy will also be improved.

On the one hand, I would argue that the drawbacks of this trend outweigh the benefits. The main reason is that this might lead to a sedentary lifestyle, where people gradually turn into couch potatoes, spending most of their leisure time lying in front of TV’s screen while eating snacks from the fridge. Although those habits might relieve adults stress, people having this unhealthy way of living are at high risk of suffering from such dangerous diseases as heart attack, diabetes. Moreover, if humans rely on cars too much, the carbon footprint produced by cars will soar. Apparently, the more cars are used, the more severe air pollution is.

To sum up, the dependence on cars, fridges, and televisions might be detrimental for not only humans’ health but also the environment. In conclusion, I would restate that although those pieces of equipment have some benefits, it would not be discerning to the desire for them.

Model 2

It is true that TV, cars, and fridges are among the most popular consumer goods that people consider essential to enjoy a comfortable lifestyle. While I accept that there are some drawbacks, I think that these are outweighed by the benefits of this trend.

On the one hand, some problems are associated with using these commodities. Firstly, cars discourage people from taking exercises such as walking or cycling short distances, and they also contribute to the high level of greenhouse gases emissions which mostly stem from an increasing amount of carbon dioxide released by vehicles. Moreover, because of the appearance of TV, people nowadays spend hours sitting in front of screens instead of participating in outdoor activities. Consequently, this leads to a sedentary lifestyle, which turns viewers into ‘couch potatoes’. Besides, even refrigerators promote unhealthy eating habits, and youngsters are likely to become accustomed to opening the fridge to snack on some fattening treats. Of course, when all these products reach the end of their useful life, the problem of how to dispose of them becomes a serious environmental issue.

On the other hand, I believe that there are some great advantages to be gained. The first disadvantage is that cars enable people to have freedom of movement to visit people and places in any part of the cities that they live in. In addition, TV gives people countless opportunities to broaden their own knowledge by watching interesting channels like Discovery to watch news and discussion programmes on serious contemporary issues. Finally, thanks to the convenience of refrigerators, people can store food for long periods, reducing food waste. Consequently, visits to the supermarket can be made on a weekly or monthly basis, saving time and effort.

To conclude, the

Model 3

These days, modern products such as cars, televisions, and fridges seem to be very familiar to mankind. While some people believe that these things bring merits to society, I argue that the downside of this trend outweighs the upside.

On the one hand, owning a car, a television and a fridge can provide individuals number of advantages. Firstly, it makes our life become more convenient and comfortable. For instance, by using cars, commuters can travel easier and faster; or instead of going to the cinema, people can stay at their home to enjoy entertainment programs at any time they want. Furthermore, watching television is also one of the ways to broaden people’s horizons because it allows users to access to knowledge in different fields through TV’s channels such as education, culture or sport and so on. Obviously, these modern things are likely to be beneficial to the community.

On the other hand, negative impacts on environment and traffic congestions are major bad points of cars, televisions, and fridges for society. In fact, the more modern and electrical products are used by people, the more fossil fuel energies are consumed, and the more exhaust emissions are released as well. Consequently, the environment might be polluted seriously. In addition, using private cars instead of public transport means such as buses or trains will lead to traffic jams.

Clearly, the existence and increase of such products seem to reduce the quality of our living environment. In conclusion, although cars, televisions, and fridges offer various benefits to our life, I suggest that not everyone needs such things because the drawbacks of it outweigh the plus points.

The widespread use of the Internet gives people more freedom at home instead of going to work or college. Do you think its advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

The recent computer development has resulted in the burgeoning number of people working at home and students learning through the Internet. This is definitely positive in some particular aspects.

The enhancement of technology can be considered as an effective measure to deal with the lack of employment. It is a driving force for people to operate their own businesses online which can generate a larger income. For example, Vietnamese people are witnessing a dramatically growing number of online sales pages such as Tiki or Lazada which earn telephone figure profits per year. This improvement leads us to a distinctively new era of economics/market in which highly unemployment incidence is no longer a tough and urgent problem for governments. Therefore, the development of computer technology is for sure necessary and beneficial from this point of view.

This aforementioned development also fosters the self-learning competence of undergraduates. Firstly, people now are granted access to a huge storage of rewarding knowledge which is especially helpful and relevant to their studies at school. Wikipedia, for a prime example, is used for researching information in such terms of history, geography or chemistry by a vast number of students around the world. Secondly, social networks such as Facebook and Instagram which are an advance of technology in recent years have empowered students to contact with each other and together cope with hard exercises regardless of the geographic adversities. In this way of learning, students have golden opportunities to boost their personal teamwork capacity. Therefore, the lack of teachers is no longer an important issue.

In conclusion, from available justifications, this essay further reinforces the author’s personal advocate for the increasing/rising merit of technology to both education and the working environment in recent years. However, it has to be conceded that the limited aspects of the wide application of technology should be taken into careful account to prevent any possible undesirable consequence.

Advances in technology and automation have reduced the need for manual labour. (opinion) Therefore, working hours should be reduced. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

The outstanding development in technology and automation have created a significant social revolution, moved some industries away from labor-intensive status. Hence, the demand for manual labor is decreasing, leading to the cutback of working hours. While I accept that reducing working hours is quite reasonable, I believe that this may lead to some matters of employment.

On the one hand, the technological advances and computerization enable employees to do more works/ accomplish more tasks and enhance productivity. As a result, they create more value per hour compared to the past and perform work efficiently. For example, in the past, workers had to work manually in 16 hours per day to maintain production efficiency. However, nowadays, this is no longer the case thanks to the machinery advances. Reducing working hours seems logical to me because it helps employees to have more free time to spend with their family to establish a healthy professional and personal life balance.

On the other hand, shorter working time may have long-term concerned impacts. Fewer working time would presumably mean less income which may result in feelings of anxiety or frustration and have side-effect for society as a whole. For instance, along with the development of automation technology, the cleaning staff is likely to be then replaced by an automatic cleaning system and this may cause these people to be unemployed.

In conclusion, it is certainly true that the cutback of working hours should be implemented due to advances in mechanization but this may impact on some employees in the long-term employment market.

New technologies have changed the way children spend their free time. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

The technology revolution has massively influenced the way children spend their leisure time. While some people believe this is a negative trend, I would agree with those who argue this brings more benefits than drawbacks.

On the one hand, it is undeniable that advanced technologies have some certain negative impacts on pupils. Firstly, modern technologies might contribute to making children so addicted to them that such important duties such as learning are not prioritized. For instance, several schoolboys in Vietnam skip classes to play online games. Secondly, spending hours on sitting in front of and keeping eyes glued to the screens will result in sedentary lifestyle, which will give rise to the likelihood of suffering from diseases such as obesity, eyes-relating diseases.

On the other hand, I would argue that thanks to modern technologies, children have more opportunities to broaden their knowledge as well as keep in contact with their peers. One reason is that there are a variety of TV programmes or games which have not only served for entertainment purposes but also provided a world of knowledge and information. Thus, discerning parents would choose channels like Discovery or games like Math games so that their children could learn about wildlife or enhance their Math skills. Another reason is that innovative technologies such as social networking sites, message services have revolutionized communication, helping children keep in touch with their friends more conveniently. If students want to discuss with their classmates about lessons in school, they just need apps like Skype to send instant messages or video calls.

 In conclusion, I would restate that although there still remain problems with statein-the-art technologies, they are making children’s free time more enjoyable and beneficial, provided that they are used properly.

In recent years, more and more people are choosing to read e-books rather than paper books. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages of this trend?

MODEL ESSAY1:

It is true that nowadays many people prefer reading books online to buying traditional ones. While I accept that e-books may have some drawbacks, I believe that they are more likely to have positive influences.

On the one hand, it has been scientifically proven that this type of reading experience may bring about a number of health concerns. Staring at digital screens for a prolonged period of time would certainly cause eyestrains, headaches, and blurry vision and its long-term effects could be even worse. Furthermore, books can be easily shared in digital forms compared to paper ones. This could directly affect the rights of the authors and publishers, leading to decrease in the sale of books.

However, I would argue that these drawbacks are outweighed by their benefits. Firstly, reading and buying books online can be time-saving and convenient. Now, there is no need to wander from one store to another in search of a book when we can simply find and pay for them through virtual banks and enjoy reading immediately. Secondly, online books offer much lower prices compared to paper books, meaning that readers can buy books they love and still have more money for other things. Digital books also have positive impacts on the environment. The more digital books people read, the fewer paper books are produced, which means many trees would be saved from being cut down.

In conclusion, it seems to me that the advantages of e-books are more significant than the possible drawbacks.

MODEL ESSAY2:

It is commonly believed that taking a job in an international company is the most effective way to learn nation’s ways of life. While I agree with this perspective, my view is that there are numerous choices to comprehend various foreign lifestyles. T

o begin with, being an employee in global corporations does help him/her perceive distinctive cultures. One clear reason for this is the interaction with people from different backgrounds as well as learning how to behave properly with others. For instance, not only does a member have to know how to perform in an appropriate manner towards the others from diverse overseas countries, he/she also gets the opportunity to encounter various lifestyles owing to regular communication and relation with others.

In spite of the aforementioned points, there are also several good approaches to comprehend the cultural beauty of other nations. First and foremost, living with local people is especially beneficial when someone wants to learn about other lifestyles. While this may take a lot of time and costly in some cases, people will eventually have a thorough understanding of foreign moral values. Secondly, Enrolling in social activities is also a possible way for one to attempt. For instance, participating in Japanese holidays will help foreign people perceive Japanese tradition as well as cultural significance. Even though these activities do not occur regularly throughout a year, people from overseas countries will have ideal chances to observe and understand local people’s way of life.

To conclude, it is certainly true that the apprehension of the foreign ways of life can be obtained by working in worldwide corporations, but this is by no means the optimal ways to understand other cultures.

The money spent by governments on space programmes would be better spent on vital public services such as schools and hospitals. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

It is often argued that it would be a waste of resources when the government in some countries spends large amounts of money on space exploration programs, instead, the budget should be invested in public services such as education and healthcare. While I agree that this is true in practical terms, I believe that allocating to space programs is actually an important thing in the development progress of our planet.

On the one hand, the authorities should spend money on vital public services because of their positive impact on society as a whole. Compared to the expenditures on space exploration projects, it is much cheaper to train professionals working in public sectors such as doctors, teachers or police officers who are totally beneficial for improving social welfare. Furthermore, every member of the society can benefit from schools, hospitals, and roads, and we all need the security that the police provide. If the central governments reallocated the money spent on space travel and research to develop community services, thousands of people could be lifted out of poverty or given a fairer and better quality of life.

On the other hand, I believe that space programs should be encouraged in the technological society despite the fact that space facilities and equipment come at a huge cost to the government. It is undoubted that this field can be considered as an innovative achievement of the world as it has contributed to the specialist source of knowledge of the universe, which is beyond the limits of our planet. For example, there is a profound increase in the accomplishments of outer space exploration such as launching space rockets, space probes and space shuttles in recent decades. As a result, these insights have become valuable and reliable for the education of younger generation, and which can stimulate their creativity, especially on nature scientific research, which would be actually a long-term plan to build a more modern society.

In conclusion, my view is that besides spending money on vital public services that benefit all members of the society, governments should continuously invest in space exploration projects to build a progressive and civilized society.

The internet has transformed the way information is shared and consumed, but it has also created problems that did not exist before. What are the most serious problems associated with the internet and what solutions can you suggest?

It is true that internet has caused enormous problems to users besides its positive effects. In this essay, I intend to identify the most serious impacts associated with this network and propose some possible solutions to deal with it.

There are numerous negative impacts involved in the internet. First of all, it is undeniable that some information on this network is extremely harmful, ranging from pornography, violence to instruction on how to make an explosive bomb. Such contents would stimulate the juveniles who could not distinguish right from wrong to form wrong behavior or even commit crimes. Secondly, there is a potential risk of social isolation, a problem is occasionally seen in people who prefer spending significant time on terminals to engaging in the real world.

However, I contend such problems can be resolved by the effort of both the government and the society. The primary measure would be censorship of the authority to control the information that is exposed to the public. This procedure can eliminate harmful contents, which could approach internet users from the websites. Simultaneously, schools and organizations implement education campaigns to raise people’s awareness about drawbacks of being addicted to social networks which have been increasingly popular with the youths. The other tactic is parents’ observation to their children. They should set rules on their children’ time consuming to the internet, as well as control the content the kids watch.

 In conclusion, the negative impacts of the internet are incredibly tremendous. However, the proposed integrated solutions could be offered to tackle this problem effectively.

Some people say that young people learn useful skills by playing electronic and computer games. Others say that young people who play electronic and computer games are wasting their time. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

These days, an increasing number of people are playing electronic and computer games. While some people are of the opinion that young people can learn useful skills by playing such entertainment games, others say that they are wasting their time.

It is certainly true that people who play electronic and computer games can get some benefits from it. Generally, people play computer games in their free time because they want to relieve stress. Further, video games can help players improve certain skills. As players have to handle situations that require accuracy and agility because of the interaction between them and the games, they must have the good eye-hand coordination to play well. Moreover, electronic games always offer challenges to players, so it demands them to react with a very responsive brain and come up with quick effective solutions. This allows them to improve their thinking skills and plan the right strategies that contribute to the success of their work.

However, there are many people who feel that young people who play electronic and computer games are spending their time on a frivolous thing. Playing video games habitually is associated with an increase in adverse effects on health such as high blood pressure, eye-related diseases, dry skin, and wrinkles. In addition, there is a clear connection between abusing games and students’ failure in learning. Students who spend excessive time on playing games will neglect their school work. Playing video games also gives rise to a high level of truancy. As a result, their school performances are adversely affected.

In conclusion, I believe that although young people can learn some useful skills by playing entertainment games, it is clear that playing games too much has more adverse effects than benefits. Therefore, young people should not spend excessive time playing computer games to get the positive advantages of games and to avoid the negative effects of game addiction.

Model 2

It is true that the question of whether adolescents can learn soft skills through playing electronic and computer games or this is just a waste of time remains a source of controversy. While many people believe that playing games have some benefits, I would argue that this brings more drawbacks than advantages.

On the one hand, playing video games is advantageous to some extent. The first benefit is that such games can help youngsters enhance their hand-eye coordination and spatial awareness. For example, in a video game, players invariably move around to avoid enemies and obstacles. By doing this, adolescents can develop their ability to quickly use hand and eyes as well as their strategic skills. Moreover, video games also play an integral part in education. For example, in math classes, instead of using school textbooks alone to illustrate math lesson, children can learn through playing some games such as quiz, which raise interest in studying math.

On the other hand, I believe that there are several problems associated with playing video games. Firstly, if young people concentrate too much on playing, they are likely to neglect their studies and household chores. Moreover, this could lead to physical health problems, especially eye diseases. When people keep their eyes glued to computer screens for several hours, waves from computers and wifi devices may cause headaches. In addition, these youngsters are more and more prone to obesity as they spend hours sitting in front of screens instead of participating in outdoor activities. Finally, since some games contain sex or violence, players who play these kinds of games have more tendency to develop violent behavior than those who do not play. As a result, they may bully their classmates or colleagues.

To conclude, although playing video games can have some positive influences on children /young generation, it seems to me it is better to set limits on playing these games.

Buying things on the Internet, such as books, air tickets, and groceries, is becoming more and more popular. Do the advantages of shopping in this way outweigh the disadvantages? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Online shopping has become a common tool when we increasingly search for goods and place our order instantly on the internet. All kinds of goods and services are available online and within our reach with just one click. While purchasing things online exposes us to the risk of buying low-quality products, the convenience and time saving from online shopping far outweigh its drawback.

The primary concern with online shopping is the risk of buying inferior products. That is to say, consumers make their decision according to the appearance and the attractive advertisement without personally checking the item. Consequently, this results in complaints or disappointments later upon delivery of the product. For instance, I got an awful experience with online shopping, the chair I bought online was broken after a week. However, many websites of high reputation have a return policy within a set period of time, which enables customers to return the product if they are not satisfied with their purchase.

Nevertheless, it is irrefutable that online shopping brings immense convenience. In other words, there are thousands of products online which we can search for within a few seconds. We are also able to compare the prices, features, comments from other buyers and apply for periodic discounts. This feature would never be duplicated with traditional/conventional shopping in which we would spend a great deal of effort ongoing around, looking for the product and comparing the prices. We definitely save our precious time for doing something else which is much more meaningful. For example, a recent survey conducted by The Consumer Behaviour Association in the United States has shown that convenience remains the greatest feature which encourages/makes customers opt for online shopping.

To conclude, online shopping saves us a lot of time and offers the great convenience and these features far outweigh any drawback of low-quality products when purchasing online. We, therefore, should access/approach trusted websites for online shopping to minimize any dissatisfaction.

Some people spend more time reading books, while others prefer to watch TV. The former group are more likely to develop creative imaginations and have a much better grasp of languages skills. Do you agree or disagree?

In today’s world, there is a school of thought that reading exerts more positive impacts on imagination and knowledge of languages than watching TV. I am convinced by this opinion although I concede that watching TV also could create many benefits.

On the one hand, it is useful for people to watch TV because of the following reason. If people pay attention to the auditory and visual effects of the TV which books could not create, they could have an excellent heating system. Having a sensitive/simulating auditory, people could improve their listening skills. This condition is an advantage for people to learn a foreign language. For instance, when students study the English language, they are encouraged to watch TV with English subtitles to listen to English reflexively. This fact explains that watching TV might help people improve their listening skill of foreign languages.

On the other hand, many benefits would be gained if people would rather read books than watch TV. A primary reason could be that books do not have motion pictures like TV. Therefore, reading books forces people to brainstorm to understand the stories in books in detail. Through this processing brain of activity, the imagination of people may develop. This hobby/good habit can also boost the language prospect of one, accounting for equal importance as its watching TV counterpart. When people read books, they would have the omnipresent access to both words and writing styles in a book.

Consequently, they not only have an abundant vocabulary, but also accelerate enhancing writing skill process. In conclusion, I am an advocate of the ideas that reading book could exert more positive effects on imagination and knowledge of languages than the act of merely watching TV.

Today more and more people are using mobile phones and computers. Thus, people are losing the ability to communicate face to face. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

It is argued that although mobile phones and computers play an important role in the modern society today, they prevent people from the face-to-face interaction. I completely agree with this idea.

There are a variety of reasons why people have a tendency to use high-tech devices in their daily life. Firstly, mobile phones and computers allow people to keep in touch easily with each other. People around the world, especially who live far away from their homes, can contact quickly and conveniently without being charged a great sum of money on the mobile line as the interaction/contact/communication is performed by applications such as Facebook or Zalo.  Secondly, modern technological devices help school leavers or unemployed people have a higher chance to find a job. In a high-tech era, most employers have uploaded the recruitment and are more likely to receive applications on websites, so using electronic devices gives them more opportunities to approach/get access to job information/description and make an instant application.

At the same time, high-tech devices might keep users from minimizing their faceto-face conversation in real life. In fact, a large number of people seem to disregard to build a relationship with their families and true friends since they spend much time on keeping their eyes glued to screens. They are busy with smartphones to take photos, check in or comment on Facebook and ignore surrounding activities. They may prefer sharing their feelings with virtual friends to their family members or true peers. In addition, if users usually interact via mobile phones or computers, they are likely to decrease some communication skills such as eye contacts or body language expressions.

In conclusion, I think in spite of an indispensable role in the modern life, mobile phones, as well as computers, also have negative impacts on direct interaction.

Nowadays the way people interact with each other has changed because of technology. In what ways has technology affected the types of relationships people make? Has this become a positive or negative development?

As globalization occurs in many aspects of people’s lives, technology is becoming more and more crucial in the new age. It is argued that technology has negative effects on the way people treat one another. From my perspective, I believe that it changes our interactions both positively and negatively.

On the one hand, technology may play a negative role on young people, especially kids and teenagers. In recent years, it is not difficult to observe them being attached to a modern equipment such as smartphones, tablets, or even larger devices like computers. To some extent, it is good since they can learn valuable knowledge from the Internet, even (if) while they are playing games. However, this habit may lessen the level of their participation in family and social relationships, provided that they concentrate too much on these technical tools.

On the other hand, the development of technology does have encouraging/supportive impacts on relationships at work. Nowadays technology acts as an essential instrument in any jobs, given (the fact) that people rarely see any job without the help of technical equipment. Since technology affects the ways of working, it also changes the interactions among colleagues. Moreover, with the presence of social networks, everyone can take it easy to communicate with others, and colleagues are able to discuss matters at work through this channel. In some cases, this could break the barrier between an individual and another at a higher status. Consequently, the friendly working environment is possibly in reach.

In conclusion, technology has its own good points and drawbacks. If being used properly, the technology could be an effective method of connecting/ to connect people.

E-mail is now the easiest way to communicate with families and friends all over the world. Some people say that it does not have the sincerity of handwritten letters. Do you agree or disagree?

Email is becoming more popular around the world and is replacing the majority of traditional letters. It is generally claimed that apart from the numbers of its advantages compared with the oldest ones, it is lacking in sincerity. Personally, I completely agree with this point of view.

On the one hand, I accept that the sincerity of a letter is measured in the time spent as well as the writer’s feeling in the process of preparing it. There is no doubt that people do not spend much time writing, correcting and rewriting to complete electronic letters, nor do they often read them again before sending because of computerized grammar and spell checking facilities. Additionally, it is no more convenient than finishing an email thanks to using a number of technologies such as copying and, either sending an email from any email address or sending one to a group of mailboxes. As a result, hardly do receivers feel the truthfulness’ senders when the others also read this email.

I also agree that you can see an insufficient sincerity reading an email. This is the reason why some businesses/companies ask their applicants to write an application letter to measure both their capability in communicating by means of writing and their commitment. Evidence for this is provided by most people choose the traditional letters to congratulate someone, write to a government office or to write to a beloved person to show their goodwill.

In conclusion, it is true that much as an email is the best way to communicate in the recent day, the personal touch, affection, and sincerity, a handwritten letter can convey could not be found in this form.

Television is dangerous because it destroys family life and any sense of community; instead of visiting or talking with our family we just watch TV. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion.

It is generally believed by many people that television is the root of people’s seclusion from their family and society. Personally, I completely disagree with this point of view from every perspective.

Firstly, I would argue that TV could act as a powerful tool to enhance family bonding. As a matter of fact, a developed world leads modern citizens to a hectic lifestyle, hence the deterioration in family interactions, in other words, individuals, especially in metropolitan cities, hardly have time for their family members. Therefore, family bonding time, watching TV after dinning, for instance, should be reserved to fill this gap out as when its members gather daily for a designated time, communications and family relationships will be strengthened. Furthermore, watching TV together allows parents to interact and exchange ideas with their offspring about social issues, which is an effective way of communication to alleviate generation gap.

Secondly, I believe that TV has empowered individuals to acquire more knowledge about their community than ever before. In fact, every aspect of life, latest news about sport, education or criminals, for example, is constantly updated in many TV channels which facilitates people a closer look at how their society really is. This easy accessibility equips people with sufficient information, thus, they are more aware of the problems lying within their society. Taking southcentral Vietnam as an example, many serious floods happen all year round, national TV programs keep viewers informed on a daily basis; hence they can lend a helping hand towards their community.

In conclusion, as the two analyzed reasons above, I strongly disagree with the idea that TV viewers are drifting away from their lives because of the service it offers.

How should we ensure that television is a positive influence in the life of children?

Nowadays, television plays an unchangeable role in the daily life of people in the modern age/world. However, it is contended that this high-tech device would affect negatively behaviour as well as the ideology of children. This essay will suggest some measures to evade pitfalls of television and enhance/promote/uphold the advantages of informative programmes on TV.

Firstly, along with the booming of information technology recently, more and more TV products go viral with an aim at entertaining every group of people. For example, the elderly and the middle-aged are in favour of politics, economics or health programmes while teenagers prefer music and TV shows. As a result, it will be very dangerous for children who are so vulnerable if getting exposed to inappropriate information on TV in the early age. In that case, censorship should be highly recommended in order to shift sensitive imagines, voice, and information or even abolish the whole TV products within the active time of children. In addition to providing much more knowledge for children, producers could offer some particular pacts of channels for children which include cartoon, basic scientific information, and suitable music. If so, these solutions will help parents to easily manage available programmes for children and prevent entirely children from watching bloody scenes or sensitive plot which could shape their thinking from childhood.

Although some people argue that this recommendation will handicap children’s freedom of exploring the world through TV which is considered as a very informative source, it is the best solution we can do to protect children from a large amount of irrelevant information published every day.

In conclusion, the producers should guarantee that all their programmes have been come through censorship and publish in the suitable time. Furthermore, a pact of channels for children should be taken into account to help parents keep programmes under supervision.

In the future, it seems it will be more difficult to live on the Earth. Some people think more money should be spent on researching other planets to live, such as Mars. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

As humans are becoming too vulnerable on Earth, some people believe people/governments should pour more money into space research because of the quest for a new homeland. I totally agree with this view.

On the one hand, it is undeniable that the Earth is no longer able to sustain human lives. Firstly, environmental degradation is happening at a rapid speed, leading to natural resources depletion. One potent example of this is the lack/shortage/scarcity of clean water, particularly in developing countries, is becoming more severe and insurmountable to deal with. In addition, fighting the greenhouse effect, which has resulted in not only climate change but also the destruction of habitat, is becoming more arduous and expensive than ever. This is partly because of the reliance on fossil fuels: the more humans use them, the more serious pollutions they would cause.

On the other hand, space exploration has been playing a crucial part in revolutionizing mankind civilization. One reason is that it is discovering the mysteries of the universe, which is also offering humans knowledge about planet Earth. For instance, the information collected from space robes helped people explain the origin of the Earth. Another reason is that a vast number of state-ofthe-art technologies stem from space research. Satellite technology, from which satellite television and GPS devices have been invented, is one of them. Apparently, researching into other planets has produced many spin-offs for solving problems on Earth.

In conclusion, I would restate that space exploration is essential and worthy to develop because this planet is becoming too dangerous for mankind to live. 261 words

Nowadays the way many people interact with each other has changed because of technology. In what ways has technology affected the types of relationships that people make? Has this been a positive or negative development?

In the world nowadays, the behavior of people with their partners has altered since the light of the proliferation of technology. There are a variety of ways that personal relationships have been influenced by the use of technical devices and I believe that the benefits of this change outweigh the drawbacks.

The two main effects on friendships which can be obviously seen are not only how people show their emotions but also the ways that they contact each other. Firstly, by reading the statuses written on social networks, teenagers can update the situation of their friends every day. Lots of people are choosing to talk to their partners by the assistance of video calls in lieu of going to restaurants or café to save time and money. Secondly, should a person install some social networks such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and apps like that, he can illustrate his feeling which may be unreal on the statuses and pictures of his friends. This is the reason why close relationships have declined, by contrast, losing touch with distant friends is not necessarily an unfavorable issue.

The adjustment of the way that people interact is beneficial based on two key reasons. First, the use of handheld devices increasing significantly in recent years assists the users in getting in touch more easily and faster with their companions than in approximately three decades ago. For example, while it took about at least one week to deliver the letters of a temper in the past, current residents can receive immediately the vital messages in a few seconds. Furthermore, the social relations of every individual are expanding day by day. Residents nowadays establish easily a relationship with a foreigner who is living in another country.

In conclusion, there are some changes in relationships towards eschewing traditional communication methods like letters in favor of modern gadgets and I am firm in my belief that this improvement is convenient for people in some aspects.