Tips and Tricks for True False and Not Given Question

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Tips and Tricks for True False and Not Given Question

  • The answers appear in the same order in the text as the order of the statements
  • You don’t need to read the whole text. First, you will scan for keywords and then you’ll read in detail the section in which they’re located for the answer.
  • There will be at least one of each answer type – True, False, Not Given. So, if you don’t have at least one of each when you’ve completed the question, you’ve made a mistake. tips and tricks for true false and not given question
  •  Identify any words that qualify the statement, for example, some, all, mainly, often, always and occasionally. These words are there to test if you have read the whole statement because they can change the meaning. For example, ‘Coca-Cola has always made its drinks in the U.S.A.’ has a different meaning from ‘Coca-Cola has mainly made its drinks in the U.S.A.’
  • The statements won’t be a word-for-word match to the information in the text. They will contain synonyms and paraphrasing. It’s the meaning that you are trying to match.
  • Remember that at least one answer will be NG. This means that you will be searching for information that is not there.
  • Don’t answer based on your assumptions
  • If you can’t find the information you are looking for, then it is probably ‘not given’. Don’t waste time looking for something that is not there.
  • If you have no idea what the answer is put ‘not given’. You probably have no idea because the answer is not there.
  • Don’t write yes for True, No for false.

What is True False and Not Given?

In true, false, not given questions you are given some ‘factual’ statements taken from the reading and you have to decide if they match what is actually stated in the reading. If the statement is true then it will exactly match the facts given in the reading. But remember that does not mean they will be written in exactly the same way. If the statement is false that means it contradicts or is opposite to the information given in the reading. This means that you cannot tell if the statement is true or false from looking at the reading.

Example

Do the following statements agree with the information given in the passage? Write:
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
  1. Chiles come from South America
  2. People began eating Chiles in the last few centuries
  3. South Americans were the first people to start eating Chiles

Tips and Tricks for True False and Not Given Question

The Process

To understand the process let’s consider a passage and question

A Migrant workers, those workers who move repeatedly in search of economic opportunity, typically perform society’s temporary jobs. The migrant’s low paid work includes ‘stooped labour’ like cultivating crops, menial services such as cleaning public restrooms, ‘sweatshop’ work such as making apparel, and assembly line factory work like putting together computer parts. Migrant workers are often pivotal for economic growth.

B Until the twentieth century most migrant labour was internal. For example, generations of former slaves from the southern parts of the United States annually followed the crops north. Recently, however, most migrant labour in Europe and America has been external – that is, workers from other countries.

Do the following statements agree with the information given in the passage? Write:
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

Krauss predicted that a very high percentage of the world’s languages would become extinct.

There is evidence that the merging of languages helps international business.

One expert believes that when a language dies, its culture dies too.

Step by step process

Step 1

Underline the key words in first two question.

Why first two questions?

If you miss locating one, you need another to stop you and think, either you have missed it or it’s not given.

1 Krauss predicted that a very high percentage of the world’s languages would become extinct.

2 There is evidence that the merging of languages helps international business.

tips and tricks for true false and not given question

Step 2

Think synonyms of the key words.

Tips:-

It’s always better to choose noun as your key word.  Nouns have very limited synonyms.

  • Krauss= Krauss
  • Languages=tongue, speech, dialect
  • Extinct=former, ceased
  • Evidence= proof

tips and tricks for true false and not given question

Step 3

Scan the paragraphs for synonyms of (or words related to) the key words in the question

A Ten years ago Michael Krauss sent a shudder through the discipline of linguistics with his prediction that half of the 6,000 or so languages spoken in the world would cease to be uttered within a century….. Krauss maintained that unless scientists and community leaders directed a worldwide effort to stabalize the decline and conserve these endangered local languages, nine-tenths of the linguistic diversity of humankind would probably be doomed to extinction.

tips and tricks for matching heading question

Step 4

Read intensively the sentence(s) containing these key words to determine true, false and not given

Krauss predicted that a ‘high percentage’ (‘nine-tenths’ or 90%) of the ‘world’s languages’ (‘languages … in the world’ or ‘linguistic diversity’) would ‘become extinct’ (‘cease to be uttered’ or ‘be doomed to extinction’).
  • The information is same as the question

Answer: True

True means that the meaning of the statement is the same on the passage.

False means that the meaning of the statement is not same on the passage.

Not Given means that the whole meaning of the statement is not given in the passage, or not enough information to say true or false.

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