IELTS speaking is very popular for asking you questions where you have to propose your solutions for issues presented. Although there is no such rule that best describes the way of answering this IELTS speaking questions, it is always better for you to know some language tips on How to give solutions to a problem In IELTS.
In this lesson, you’ll master the Formula for Prioritising solutions. This is a skill that you will need to use in all Part Three lessons. It is a basic native speaker discussion skill.
When IELTS examiner asks you such question they really have no interest on the content of your answer but construct. They just want to know weather you can use right grammatical structure.
First let’s see some questions under this category…
|⟹ Think about restaurants and customer services in your town or city. What kinds of|
problems are there? How would you suggest they improve?
⟹ What are the main environmental problems facing the world today? How could they be
⟹ What are the drawbacks of traveling in your country as a foreigner? How could tourist
companies as well as individuals go about surmounting these problems?
To offer solutions you should:-
|1. Identify problems.|
2. Suggest solutions.
3. Suggest definite actions that should be taken.
Use expressions to identify problems.
|What kinds of problems do students sometimes have in university, and what could be done to address them ?|
Well , firstly , I think the main problem is that the classes are exceedingly boring. In more active and modern classes students are more interested, work harder and learn faster. I believe that teachers should be made to go on more up-to-date, modern training courses. Secondly. I think that the restaurants
and canteens on campus have a very poor standard of food and don’t offer much variety. If hey could pay more attention to hygiene and to making the menus more interesting.
Notice how the speaker identifies the problems under discussion. Here are some other expressions to identify problems:
» There’re a lot of problems with X.
There’re a lot of problems with the national football team.
» One major concern with X that needs addressing is Y.
One major concern with the ageing population that needs addressing is how we are going to pay for all of those pensions.
» The biggest problem with X is Y.
The biggest problem with professional sports is that teams become businesses rather than playing for the love of the sport.
» The main reasons behind X are Y and Z.
The main reasons behind desertification are agricultural misuse and rising global temperatures.
» The main issue many people have with X is Y.
The main issue many people have with warfare is that they feel it is immoral.
» Most people believe that X is the main problem.
In regard to the spread of AIDS in Africa, most people believe that the teachings about the use of condoms are the main problem.
Phrases to Suggest Solutions
Imagine if the interviewer asked you these questions:
What do you think the government should do to deal with this problem?
What can be done to improve the conditions in the countryside?
How can we try to solve this problem?
To answer such questions, you should use modal verbs, such as could, ought to and should, as in the following phrases to suggest solutions;
» could spend more money on
» should pay more attention to
» ought to make an effort to
» can provide more
» could try harder to
» should take measures to
» ought to take steps to
Look at the way native speakers use these phrases to answer this type of question:
» One thing that they could do is to make an effort to provide farmers with more access to better medical care.
» I believe we should take steps towards dealing with the problem of water pollution.
» I believe that young people ought to pay more attention to how they behave towards old people in public.
» I am sure that we should try harder to solve the current traffic problems.
» We should certainly take measures to improve the customer services in this country.
» The British government could spend more money on public transport to reduce the cost of travel.
» Hospitals could provide better and more customer-centered care.
Verbs & Verb Phrases to Express Definite Actions
Let’s look at how the two IELTS candidates, Mike, expresses definite actions.
…The authorities should make more effort to address the issue ofwater pollution by putting pressure on factories to stop pumping their chemical waste intb rivers and lakes. Another measure would be to encourage people to only buy products from companies that respect the environment.
Look at these verbs and verb phrases that native speakers use to propose concrete actions to solve problems:
These verbs and verb phrases can be used in two ways,
⟹ should + verb / verb phrase
The above verbs and verb phrases can be used with the structure should + verb/ verb phrase as in the following examples:
I strongly believe the authorities should put pressure on factory owners to reduce emissions.
I am of the opinion that they should clean up the poorer ends of town.
I think they should impose tighter regulations on the DVD sales.
I really believe they ought to spend more money on improving the school facilities.
I am convinced that they should abolish certain outdated laws in this country.
Do you feel that it is advisable to get rid of all cigarette advertisements in public places?
One step would be to encourage people to stop buying products from manufacturers that damage the environment.
⟹ by + verb-ing
The above verbs and verb phrases can be used with the structure by + verb-ing.
They could improve the situation by imposing tighter regulations on…
They could improve things by cleaning up the most polluted areas of
We could fix this problem by putting pressure on local governments to…
We could take measures to solve this problem by spending more money on education and less on arms.
We can make it a lot better by repairing the damage and by renovating the building.