Unit 1: Understanding Speaking Test
Unit 3: Focus on Fluency & Coherence
Unit 3: Focus on Pronunciation
Unit 6: Focus on Lexical Resource
Unit 5: Focus on Grammatical Range & Accuracy

How to speculate future events and outcomes?

IELTS speaking is very popular for asking you questions where you need future calculations. Although there is no such rule that best describes the way of answering this IELTS speaking questions, it is always better for you to know some language tips on How to speculate future events and outcomes in IELTS.

In this lesson, you’ll master the formula for speculating future events. This is a skill that you will need to use in all Part Three lessons. It is a basic native speaker discussion skill.

When IELTS examiner asks you such question they really have no interest on the content of your answer but construct. They just want to know weather you can use right grammatical structure.

First let’s see some questions under this category

Describe some of the major changes you think will happen in your country in the next 20 years.
Do you think that people in the future will have solved many of the environmental and social problems that we are still facing today?
What future predictions would you make about how technology in the future will develop and how it will affect the daily lives of humans?

To speculate future events  you should:-

Answer order
1 . State present conditions.
2. Predict future outcomes.
3. Talk about what will happen in the future if we take certain step

Language steps:

  1. Use common present conditions & future outcomes phrases.
  2. Use the future perfect tense accurately with time phrases
  3. Use the future continuous tense to predict and talk about continuous, uncompleted future actions, Know when to use the future continuous and future simple.

Step 1: How to speculate future events and outcomes in IELTS?

Use common present conditions & future outcomes phrases.

What do you think your country will be like in about 20 years time?
Well , it’s bard to predict because things change so fast sometimes, and unexpected things happen. Mmm, I think that given the current rate of development , Nepal will be a very strong and modern country in a short time. At the moment the cities are becoming more and more modern, people are constructing more and more office blocks, and traditional residential areas are disappearing at an alarming rate, taking all these facts into consideration, I have no doubt that Vietnam will be a safer, cleaner and more beautiful and
convenient place to live in the future.

Notice that in talking about future predictions, answer describes what the present conditions are, and what future outcomes these may lead to.

Let’s look at these similar structures native speakers use:
Given the + noun /noun phrase + future prediction
Taking into consideration/account + noun/noun phrase + future prediction
Look at the following examples in the table and see how each of the parts of the sentence fits together.

talking about future 1
talking about future 1

Or you can use these structures:
⟹ Given that + clause + future prediction
⟹ Considering that + clause + future prediction
⟹ Since + clause + future prediction

Step 2: How to speculate future events and outcomes in IELTS?

The Future Perfect & Time Phrases

They say that by theyear 2030, the ice caps will have melted and we will be paying the price for the damage we did to the environment. I am also convinced that technology will contribute enormously to advances in the medical industry. For example, I think that in about 50 years, we will have found a cure for cancer and other serious diseases.

To predict future outcomes you should use the future perfect tense. The future perfect is used to talk about things that will have been completed or finished at or by a certain point in the future.

The structure of the future perfect is: will + have + past participle.

Examples:
I will have eaten my dinner by 5 p.m.
We will have solved many environmental problems in…

We can use the future perfect with the following time phrases:

  • in the future
  • in the next few years
  • in about 40 years
  • in the next two decades
  • in a short time
  • in only a couple of years
  • in our lifetime
  • by the year 2055
  • by 2030
  • by next century
  • by the time + clause

Take a look at the following examples, which combine the future perfect and time phrases:
» They say that by the year 2030,the ice caps will have melted.
» Some believe that by the time we are old, mankind will have cut down all the rainforests on earth.
» Some scientists say that by the late 2050s, man will have built cities on the moon.
» Many believe that in only a few years, another 200 species of endangered animals will have become extinct.
» I am pretty sure that in lOOyears, we will ham succeeded in finding a cure for cancer.

Step 3: How to speculate future events and outcomes in IELTS?

The Future Continuous

They say that by the year 2030, the ice caps will have melted and we will be paying the price for the damage we did to the environment. Some say that we will possibly be living a very different lifestyle and others even suggest we may be living on other planets by then!

Notice how the answer talks about what things they think people will be doing in the future as continuing future actions, as opposed to finished actions. The future continuous is used to talk about something that we think will happen in the future and will continue to happen for a period of time, rather than a sudden or finished event in the future.

The structure of the future continuous is: will + be + verb-ing.
Examples:
The Vietnamese countryside will be developing for many years to come.
By 2015 I will be studying in England.

We can also use the future continuous with the following time phrases:

  • in the future
  • in the next few years
  • in about 40 years
  • in the next two decades
  • in a short time
  • in only a couple of years
  • in our lifetime
  • by the year
  • by 2030
  • by next century
  • by the time + clause

Examples:
» I believe that in about 50 years, we will be living on the moon.
» I think that in about 100 years, we will be driving flying cars as we see in the movies.
» Some people are convinced that by the 22nd century, humans will be living on the moon.
» Many are of the opinion that in only a short time, everyone in the world will be using a home computer.