Matching Paragraph Headings

Tips and Tricks for Matching Heading Question

tips and tricks for matching heading question
  • The answers will not come in the same order in the text as the order of the list of statements.
  • You may not need to read all paragraphs, first see the question which states the paragraphs you need to find headings for
  • The answer, sometimes, will not necessarily be in the main idea of a paragraph
  • Do this question first.
  • Expect lots of synonyms.
  • You can narrow down the match of statement and paragraph by a process of elimination. For any specific statement, there will be options that are clearly not a match.
  • Take more time than other questions to complete.
  • There are more headings than paragraphs.
  • Headings that only include specific details rather than the main idea may mislead you
  • Do not try to match the heading with the same words that are in the paragraph.
  • The first sentence is not always enough to find a perfect heading.
  • Pay attention to the headings that are similar to one another.
  • Skim the paragraph to get a general idea.
  • You should either use numerals (i.e., i or v) or letters (i.e., a, b, c) when listing the headings
  • Read all the headings before picking anyone.

What is matching heading?

After a short run through tips and tricks for matching heading question lets find what it is. A heading is similar to a caption, a line below a photograph that briefly explains it. Headings show up at the top of paragraphs, chapters, or pages, and they give you an idea of what the subject is. You need to find  a heading for each paragraph of the given passage and then match it with the best among given options.

Example:-

Choose the correct heading for each section from the list of headings below.   Write the correct number i-vi in boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet. List of Headings   i.     The expansion of international tourism in recent years.
ii.     How local communities can balance their own needs with the demands of wilderness tourism.
iii.     Fragile regions and the reasons for the expansion of tourism there.
iv.     Traditional methods of food-supply in fragile regions.
v.     Some of the disruptive effects of wilderness tourism.
vi.     The economic benefits of mass tourism. 1. Paragraph A …………….. 2. Paragraph B …………….. 3. Paragraph C …………….
A Despite its bad reputation, stress historically had a vital role to play. Commonly referred to as the ‘fight or flight’ mode, the sudden release of stress hormones like Adrenalin and cortisol causes the heart to beat faster, airways to dilate and blood vessels to open up, all of which push the body towards optimal performance and, ultimately, survival.   B In ordinary modern life, although we’re in little danger of being stalked by wild beasts down city streets, our bodies react to stress in the same ways. Experiencing anxiety, fear and stress is considered a normal part of life when it is occasional and temporary, such as feeling anxious and stressed before an exam or a job interview. C Of major concern is the impact on the brain. Researchers have found that the hippocampus, the control centre of memory and our ability to learn, can physically shrink in response to prolonged release of stress hormones like cortisol which result from chronic stress. Neurons in this area do not just get smaller, but actually die, which weakens the neural connections, affecting the way memories are organised and stored in the brain.

Tips and Tricks for Matching Heading Question

The Process

To understand the process let’s take a passage and question:-

Culture and Learning Every culture has its own distinctive conventions regarding what should be learned and how learning should take place. In one culture, students may be encouraged to work with their classmates, while in another culture this activity may be prohibited. Somewhere, students are discouraged from asking questions, while in others they may be required to do so. Diversity exists not only between cultures, but also within a single culture. Most British primary and secondary schools, for example, the teacher is the primary provider of required information and rote learning plays an important role in the acquisition of this information. However, when these students proceed to university, they face a new set of academic norms and expectations. Although memorisation is still required, much more emphasis is placed on the critical evaluation of learning and independent research.The reading passage has five paragraphs labelled A-E.   Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below. Write the appropriate number (i-x) in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet. Cultural differences in writing styles Primary and secondary school education Implications for overseas students Academic writing styles International languages Variation within cultures Variations in subjects taught Tertiary education Cultural variation in learning between cultures Changes in the British education system 1 Paragraph A ………………
2 Paragraph B ………………
3 Paragraph C ………………

Step by step process

Step 1 Skim the paragraph and Underline key words in each sentence to form a bigger picture(main idea) of the paragraph. 80% of the cases you are asked to choose heading from the main idea of the paragraph, which can also be found sometimes by reading the first and last paragraph, but not always. Tips:- I suggest you not to read the given headings before you read the passage, if your reading is weak. That’s because you may search for the specific key words instead of the main idea of the paragraph.Paragraph A   Every culture has its own distinctive conventions regarding what should be learned and how learning should take place. In one culture, students may be encouraged to work with their classmates, while in another culture this activity may be prohibited. In some societies, students are discouraged from asking questions, while in others they may be required to do so.
Step 2 Review the main idea of Paragraph by combining all the keywords underlined and supporting ideas.The key words of the main idea are every culture, distinct, differences in learning.   Main idea= Difference in learning due to cultural difference
Tips and Tricks for Matching Heading Question
Step 3 Go to the heading options to match the key words and the main idea. Tips:- you will probably find more than one paragraph heading that has the same or similar key words.Possibilities;-   i. Cultural differences in writing style
vi. Variation within cultures
vii. Variations in subjects taught
ix. Cultural variation in learning between cultures Variation= difference
tips and tricks for matching heading question
Step 4 Choose the paragraph heading that describes the main idea of the paragraphCultural variation in learning between cultures   Only this option has both of the key words Cultural variation Learning difference

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