A table is the grouping of two or more similar data under a specific heading. It consists of row and column.
Look at the table below
Do you get the answer of the following questions :-
What is the table measuring?
What type of language do you need to use (Change? Comparing and contrasting?)
Which country has the highest expenditure and on which topic?
What information could you use for an overview / conclusion?
How could you group the information?
The horizontal axis which consists of various items is row whereas the vertical axis consisting of different countries is called column.
25% lies horizontal to France and vertical to Food and Drink hence it gives an impression that France spends 25% on Food and Drink.
Analysing the IELTS Table:-
As with all graphs and charts, when describing tables:
Do not describe all the data presented – present the main points of each feature (you should make sure you mention each feature though)
Look for significant data; e.g. the highest, the lowest etc
Try and group the data. This may require you to use some general knowledge about the world, such as recognising developed and developing countries
Start by saying what information is shown. If you are writing in an exam, try to avoid repeating the same wording as the question, e.g. The table illustrates some interesting facts about the expenditure made by five different countries on various topics.
In the second paragraph give an overview of the most important features of the information.
Be selective and choose the key observations and trends. You don’t have to write about every single detail.
Divide your observations into paragraphs about different aspects of the data. A concluding paragraph is not always necessary.
Don’t use your own general knowledge to give reasons for the data or to add more information than is shown. The question only requires you to summarize and report the data in the table.
Use a variety of structures for:
making comparisons, e.g. slightly more than, by far the highest, as … as, compared to, double the number of, correlation between
approximating, e.g. nearly, roughly, almost
stating what you are referring to, e.g. in terms of … , as for … , of those given.