How is task 2 analysed?
your answer is analysed based on four different parameters:-
- The essay fully addresses the task; it is “on topic” at all times, and it definitely answers the question.
- The position (opinion / overall answer) is clear throughout the essay. It is presented in the introduction, and then supported in the rest of the essay (with no surprises in the conclusion!).
- Lots of detail is given. Ideas are “fully extended” (explained in-depth) and well supported.
Coherence and cohesion
- Ideas are presented in a logical and organised way.
- There is definitely a good “flow” to the essay, so that the argument builds and develops. Paragraphing is well-managed, and each paragraph is well constructed.
- Cohesive devices (linking) are used in an effective but subtle way – they help with the development of ideas, but do not overshadow those ideas.
Lexical resource (vocabulary)
- A wide range of vocabulary is used.
- Vocabulary is used appropriately, skillfully and naturally in the development of ideas.
- There are several examples of “less common” items of vocabulary, all of which are used appropriately.
Grammatical range and accuracy
- A wide range of structures is used.
- There are no mistakes!
Skeleton of task 2:-
Body Paragraph 1
Body paragraph 2
Some people who have been in prison become good citizens later, and it is often argued that these are the best people to talk to teenagers about the dangers of committing a crime.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
It is true that ex-prisoners can become normal, productive members of society. I completely agree with the idea that allowing such people to speak to teenagers about their experiences is the best way to discourage them from breaking the law.
In my opinion, teenagers are more likely to accept advice from someone who can speak from experience. Reformed offenders can tell young people about how they became involved in crime, the dangers of a criminal lifestyle, and what life in prison is really like. They can also dispel any ideas that teenagers may have about criminals leading glamorous lives. While adolescents are often indifferent to the guidance given by older people, I imagine that most of them would be extremely keen to hear the stories of an ex-offender. The vivid and perhaps shocking nature of these stories is likely to have a powerful impact.
The alternatives to using reformed criminals to educate teenagers about crime would be much less effective. One option would be for police officers to visit schools and talk to young people. This could be useful in terms of informing teens about what happens to lawbreakers when they are caught, but young people are often reluctant to take advice from figures of authority. A second option would be for school teachers to speak to their students about crime, but I doubt that students would see teachers as credible sources of information about this topic. Finally, educational films might be informative, but there would be no opportunity for young people to interact and ask questions.
In conclusion, I fully support the view that people who have turned their lives around after serving a prison sentence could help to deter teenagers from committing crimes.
Many governments think that economic progress is their most important goal. Some people, however, think that other types of progress are equally important for a country.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
People have different views about how governments should measure their countries’ progress. While economic progress is of course essential, I agree with those who believe that other measures of progress are just as important.
There are three key reasons why economic growth is seen as a fundamental goal for countries. Firstly, a healthy economy results in job creation, a high level of employment, and better salaries for all citizens. Secondly, economic progress ensures that more money is available for governments to spend on infrastructure and public services. For example, a government with higher revenues can invest in the country’s transport network, its education system and its hospitals. Finally, a strong economy can help a country’s standing on the global stage, in terms of its political influence and trading power.
However, I would argue that various other forms of progress are just as significant as the economic factors mentioned above. In particular, we should consider the area of social justice, human rights, equality and democracy itself. For example, the treatment of minority groups is often seen as a reflection of the moral standards and level of development of a society. Perhaps another key consideration when judging the progress of a modern country should be how well that country protects the natural environment, and whether it is moving towards environmental sustainability. Alternatively, the success of a nation could be measured by looking at the health, well-being and happiness of its residents.
In conclusion, the economy is obviously a key marker of a country’s success, but social, environmental and health criteria are equally significant.
More and more people are migrating to cities in search of a better life, but city life can be extremely difficult. Explain some of the difficulties of living in a city. How can governments make urban life better for everyone?
Cities are often seen as places of opportunity, but there are also some major drawbacks of living in a large metropolis. In my opinion, governments could do much more to improve city life for the average inhabitant.
The main problem for anyone who hopes to migrate to a large city is that the cost of living is likely to be much higher than it is in a small town or village. Inhabitants of cities have to pay higher prices for housing, transport, and even food. Another issue is that urban areas tend to suffer from social problems such as high crime and poverty rates in comparison with rural areas. Furthermore, the air quality in cities is often poor, due to pollution from traffic, and the streets and public transport systems are usually overcrowded. As a result, city life can be unhealthy and stressful.
However, there are various steps that governments could take to tackle these problems. Firstly, they could invest money in the building of affordable or social housing to reduce the cost of living. Secondly, politicians have the power to ban vehicles from city centres and promote the use of cleaner public transport, which would help to reduce both air pollution and traffic congestion. In London, for example, the introduction of a congestion charge for drivers has helped to curb the traffic problem. A third option would be to develop provincial towns and rural areas, by moving industry and jobs to those regions, in order to reduce the pressure on major cities.
In conclusion, governments could certainly implement a range of measures to enhance the quality of life for all city residents.
Nowadays it is easy to apply for and be given a credit card. However, some people experience problems when they are not be able to pay their debts back. In your opinion, do the advantages of credit cards outweigh the disadvantages?
Nowadays, people rely more and more heavily on credit cards and it’s been argued whether credit cards benefit our lives or not. In my opinion, credit cards indeed make our lives easier and better.
There are lots of advantages using a credit card. First, a credit card gives people access to money and the facility to pay it later, like a loan. This could be extremely useful for emergencies or something expensive, like a holiday. Secondly, to some extent, credit cards are a safer and more convenient way to pay. With your credit card, you can just leave your wallet at home, and no need to worry about losing your cash. Last but not the least, using credit cards can boost the economy since accessing to money becomes so easy. People will have the tendency to spend more.
However, although there are so many advantages in using a credit card, we still need be attentive to some disadvantages. Since credit cards encourage people to spend money they do not have, people may face the problems of building up debts and financial difficulties. Once people cannot afford their debts, everyone suffers: those in debt may lose their homes,the banks lose money, and the whole economy suffers. Therefore, using a credit card can also be dangerous for those spend more than they can afford.
In conclusion, the invention of credit cards have a great impact on our modern lives, changing our shopping habits and modes. Whether it is beneficial or not depends on how we use it. Only if people know how to manage their money,the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. It’s necessary for everyone to learn using a credit card carefully and taking responsibilities.